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  1. The adverse effects of tobacco abuse on cardiovascular outcomes are well-known. However, the impact of passive smoke exposure on angina status and therapeutic response is less well-established. We examined the...

    Authors: Stilianos Efstratiadis, Elizabeth D Kennard, Sheryl F Kelsey and Andrew D Michaels
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:23
  2. Many patients suffering acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are transferred from one hospital to another during their hospitalization. There is little information about the outcomes related to interhospital tran...

    Authors: John M Westfall, Catarina I Kiefe, Norman W Weissman, Anthony Goudie, Robert M Centor, O Dale Williams and Jeroan J Allison
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:22
  3. Up-regulation of vascular endothelin type B (ETB) receptors is implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Culture of intact arteries has been shown to induce similar receptor alterations and has th...

    Authors: David Nilsson, Lotta Gustafsson, Angelica Wackenfors, Bodil Gesslein, Lars Edvinsson, Per Paulsson, Richard Ingemansson and Malin Malmsjö
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:21
  4. Recent studies have documented an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in persons with systolic blood pressures of 120–139 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressures of 80–89 mmHg, classified as prehypert...

    Authors: Trevor S Ferguson, Novie OM Younger, Marshall K Tulloch-Reid, Marilyn B Lawrence Wright, Elizabeth M Ward, Deanna E Ashley and Rainford J Wilks
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:20
  5. Ultrasound (US) has been used to enhance thrombolytic therapy in the treatment of stroke. Considerable attenuation of US intensity is however noted if US is applied over the temporal bone. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Bjarne Madsen Härdig, Jonas Carlson and Anders Roijer
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:19
  6. The ten year probability of cardiovascular events can be calculated, but many people are unaware of their risk and unclear how to reduce it. The aim of this study was to assess whether a community based interv...

    Authors: Gill Richardson, Hugo C van Woerden, Lucy Morgan, Rhiannon Edwards, Monica Harries, Elaine Hancock, Susan Sroczynsk and Mererid Bowley
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:18
  7. The registration of non-fatal and fatal MI events initiated 1985 in the WHO MONICA project has been ongoing in northern Sweden since the end of the WHO project in 1995. The purpose of the present study was to ...

    Authors: Dan Lundblad, Lars Holmgren, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Ulf Näslund and Mats Eliasson
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:17
  8. Heart failure is a major and growing public health problem worldwide. The prognosis of Heart Failure (HF) is uniformly poor despite advances in treatment. The aims of the present study were to determine the ca...

    Authors: Kamilu M Karaye and Mahmoud U Sani
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:16
  9. Several polymorphisms within the renin-angiotensin system cluster of genes have been associated with the advent of coronary artery disease (CAD) or related pathologies. We investigated the distribution of 5 of...

    Authors: Ana I Freitas, Isabel Mendonça, Maria Brión, Miguel M Sequeira, Roberto P Reis, Angel Carracedo and António Brehm
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:15
  10. Topical negative pressure (TNP), widely used in wound therapy, is known to stimulate wound edge blood flow, granulation tissue formation, angiogenesis, and revascularization. We have previously shown that appl...

    Authors: Sandra Lindstedt, Per Paulsson, Arash Mokhtari, Bodil Gesslein, Joanna Hlebowicz, Malin Malmsjö and Richard Ingemansson
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:14
  11. Non-pharmacological treatment options for hypertension have the potential to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease at a population level. Animal studies have suggested that garlic reduces blood pressure, b...

    Authors: Karin Ried, Oliver R Frank, Nigel P Stocks, Peter Fakler and Thomas Sullivan
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:13
  12. The metabolic syndrome (Msyn) affects about 40% of those with hypertension. The Msyn and hypertension have a common pathophysiology. Exercise is recommended for their treatment, prevention and control. The inf...

    Authors: Linda S Pescatello, Bruce E Blanchard, Jaci L Van Heest, Carl M Maresh, Heather Gordish-Dressman and Paul D Thompson
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:12
  13. Acute vigorous exercise, associated with increased release of plasma catecholamines, transiently increases the risk of primary cardiac arrest. We tested the effect of acute submaximal exercise on vasoactive su...

    Authors: Konstantinos Petidis, Stella Douma, Michael Doumas, Ilias Basagiannis, Konstantinos Vogiatzis and Chrysanthos Zamboulis
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:11
  14. In Shanghai there are 1.2 million people with hypertension, many of whom have difficulty in affording medical treatment. Community based, anti-hypertensive clubs have been created to provide health education b...

    Authors: Feng Xue, Wen Yao and Robert J Lewin
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:10
  15. Hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is a transcription factor that functions to maintain cellular homeostasis in response to hypoxia. There is evidence that HIF-1 can also trigger apoptosis, possibly when cellu...

    Authors: Ricky Malhotra, David W Tyson, Henry M Rosevear and Frank C Brosius III
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:9
  16. Currently used biomarkers for cardiac ischemia are elevated in blood plasma after a delay of several hours and therefore unable to detect acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in a very early stage. General practition...

    Authors: Madeleine HE Bruins Slot, Geert JMG van der Heijden, Frans H Rutten, Onno P van der Spoel, E Gijs Mast, Ad C Bredero, Pieter A Doevendans, Jan FC Glatz and Arno W Hoes
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:8
  17. The aim of this study was to evaluate the combination of a rapid intravenous infusion of cold saline and endovascular hypothermia in a closed chest pig infarct model.

    Authors: Matthias Götberg, Goran K Olivecrona, Henrik Engblom, Martin Ugander, Jesper van der Pals, Einar Heiberg, Håkan Arheden and David Erlinge
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:7
  18. Cardiovascular diseases and their associated risk factors remain the main cause of mortality in western societies. In order to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) in the Caucasian popu...

    Authors: Mathieu Firmann, Vladimir Mayor, Pedro Marques Vidal, Murielle Bochud, Alain Pécoud, Daniel Hayoz, Fred Paccaud, Martin Preisig, Kijoung S Song, Xin Yuan, Theodore M Danoff, Heide A Stirnadel, Dawn Waterworth, Vincent Mooser, Gérard Waeber and Peter Vollenweider
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:6
  19. Recessive mutations in WRN gene eliminate WRN protein function (helicase) and cause Werner syndrome. One of the most important clinical features of Werner syndrome patients are the premature onset and accelerated...

    Authors: Elena Castro, Vladimir Oviedo-Rodríguez and Luis I Angel-Chávez
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:5
  20. In the present study we sought to determine the long-term prognostic value of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), assessed by planar radionuclide ventriculography (PRV), after ST-elevation myocardial in...

    Authors: Pieter A van der Vleuten, Saman Rasoul, Willem Huurnink, Iwan CC van der Horst, Riemer HJA Slart, Stoffer Reiffers, Rudi A Dierckx, René A Tio, Jan Paul Ottervanger, Menko-Jan De Boer and Felix Zijlstra
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:4
  21. Hyperhomocysteinemia has been identified as a potential risk for atherosclerotic disease in epidemiologic studies. This study investigates the impact of elevated serum homocysteine on restenosis after carotid ...

    Authors: Renata Hillenbrand, Andreas Hillenbrand, Florian Liewald and Julian Zimmermann
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:1
  22. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment for acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema can have important benefits in acute cardiac care. However, coronary care units are usually not equipped and their per...

    Authors: Willem Dieperink, Tiny Jaarsma, Iwan CC van der Horst, Wybe Nieuwland, Karin M Vermeulen, Hanka Rosman, Leon PHJ Aarts, Felix Zijlstra and Maarten WN Nijsten
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:40
  23. Multi-detector computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) has been increasingly used in the evaluation of the coronary arteries. The purpose of this study was to review the literature on the diagnostic performanc...

    Authors: Piet K Vanhoenacker, Isabel Decramer, Olivier Bladt, Giovanna Sarno, Charlotte Bevernage and William Wijns
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:39
  24. The primary objective of this study is to estimate the association between body mass index (BMI) and the risk of first acute myocardial infarction (AMI). As a secondary objective, we considered the association...

    Authors: Joseph AC Delaney, Stella S Daskalopoulou, James M Brophy, Russell J Steele, Lucie Opatrny and Samy Suissa
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:38
  25. Nesiritide is indicated in the treatment of acute decompensated heart failure. However, a recent meta-analysis reported that nesiritide may be associated with an increased risk of death. Our goal was to evalua...

    Authors: Richard J Carroll, Zuber D Mulla, Loran D Hauck and Audrey Westbrook
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:37
  26. A large number of studies have reported on the psychosocial risk factor pattern prior to coronary heart disease events, but few have investigated the situation during the first year after an event, and none ha...

    Authors: Mats Gulliksson, Gunilla Burell, Lennart Lundin, Henrik Toss and Kurt Svärdsudd
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:36
  27. Studies have suggested that the prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease may not have been as effective in women as in men. Therefore, we aimed to examine whether the incidence, attack rate and morta...

    Authors: Hanna-Riikka Lehto, Seppo Lehto, Aki S Havulinna, Matti Ketonen, Aapo Lehtonen, Y Antero Kesäniemi, Juhani Airaksinen and Veikko Salomaa
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:35
  28. Little is known about the impact of severity of hypertension on the association of genes with high blood pressure, which may cause the inconsistently reported associations of peroxisome proliferator-activated ...

    Authors: Gaoqiang Xie, Dongshuang Guo, Ying Li, Shengying Liang and Yangfeng Wu
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:33
  29. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of mortality, morbidity, and disability with high health care cost in Iran. It accounts for nearly 50 percent of all deaths per year. Yet little is known about ...

    Authors: ZN Hatmi, S Tahvildari, A Gafarzadeh Motlag and A Sabouri Kashani
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:32
  30. Serum aminotransferase concentrations are reportedly strongly associated with insulin resistance, an established cardiovascular risk factor that is not routinely assessed in clinical practice. We therefore exp...

    Authors: Patrick H Dessein, Angela J Woodiwiss, Barry I Joffe and Gavin R Norton
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:31
  31. Data accumulated from mouse studies and in vitro studies of human arteries support the notion that soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) play import...

    Authors: Weihong Tang, James S Pankow, J Jeffrey Carr, Russell P Tracy, Suzette J Bielinski, Kari E North, Paul N Hopkins, Aldi T Kraja and Donna K Arnett
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:30
  32. The study was designed to investigate the effect of different measuring methodologies on the estimation of P wave duration. The recording length required to ensure reproducibility in unfiltered, signal-average...

    Authors: Fredrik Holmqvist, Pyotr G Platonov, Rasmus Havmöller and Jonas Carlson
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:29
  33. Unstable angina (UA) patients have lower mortality and reinfarction risks than ST-elevation (STEMI) or non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients and, accordingly, receive less aggressive treatme...

    Authors: Thomas M Maddox, Kimberly J Reid, John S Rumsfeld and John A Spertus
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:28
  34. Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death and the third cause of disability in Europe. Prevention programmes should include interventions aimed at a reduction of medical risk factors (hypert...

    Authors: Neree Claes and Nele Jacobs
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:27
  35. Cardiac arrest survivors may experience hypoxic brain injury that results in cognitive impairments which frequently remain unrecognised. This may lead to limitations in daily activities and participation in so...

    Authors: Véronique RMP Moulaert, Jeanine A Verbunt, Caroline M van Heugten, Wilbert GM Bakx, Anton PM Gorgels, Sebastiaan CAM Bekkers, Marc CFTM de Krom and Derick T Wade
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:26
  36. Chronic congestive heart failure (CHF) is a complex disease with rising prevalence, compromised quality of life (QoL), unplanned hospital admissions, high mortality and therefore high burden of illness. The de...

    Authors: Frank Peters-Klimm, Thomas Müller-Tasch, Dieter Schellberg, Jochen Gensichen, Christiane Muth, Wolfgang Herzog and Joachim Szecsenyi
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:25
  37. Studies have shown patients who are delayed for surgical cardiac revascularization are faced with increased risks of symptom deterioration and death. This could explain the observation that operative mortality...

    Authors: Adrian R Levy, Boris G Sobolev, Lisa Kuramoto, Robert Hayden and Stuart M MacLeod
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:24
  38. Diagnosing heart failure and left ventricular systolic dysfunction is difficult on clinical grounds alone. We sought to determine the accuracy of a heart failure register in a single primary care practice, and...

    Authors: Gurbir S Bhatia, Michael D Sosin, Jane Stubley, Jeetesh V Patel, Elizabeth A Hughes, Rebecca Gibbs and Russell C Davis
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:23
  39. We have previously documented significant differences in orthogonal P wave morphology between patients with and without paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). However, there exists little data concerning normal...

    Authors: Rasmus Havmoller, Jonas Carlson, Fredrik Holmqvist, Alberto Herreros, Carl J Meurling, Bertil Olsson and Pyotr Platonov
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:22
  40. Post thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a burdensome and costly complication of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) that develops in 20–40% of patients within 1–2 years after symptomatic DVT. Affected patients have chronic...

    Authors: Susan R Kahn, Hadia Shbaklo, Stan Shapiro, Philip S Wells, Michael J Kovacs, Marc A Rodger, David R Anderson, Jeffrey S Ginsberg, Mira Johri and Vicky Tagalakis
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:21
  41. Low dietary intake of the essential nutrient choline and its metabolite betaine may increase atherogenesis both through effects on homocysteine methylation pathways as well as through choline's antioxidants pr...

    Authors: Aurelian Bidulescu, Lloyd E Chambless, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Steven H Zeisel and Gerardo Heiss
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:20
  42. Asymptomatic subjects at intermediate coronary risk may need diagnostic testing for risk stratification. Both measurement of coronary calcium scores and exercise testing are well established tests for this pur...

    Authors: Christiane A Geluk, Riksta Dikkers, Jan A Kors, René A Tio, Riemer HJA Slart, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart, Hans L Hillege, Tineke P Willems, Paul E de Jong, Wiek H van Gilst, Matthijs Oudkerk and Felix Zijlstra
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:19
  43. Electrical neurostimulation can be used to treat patients with refractory angina, it reduces angina and ischemia. Previous data have suggested that electrical neurostimulation may alleviate myocardial ischaemi...

    Authors: Jessica de Vries, Rutger L Anthonio, Mike JL DeJongste, Gillian A Jessurun, Eng-Shiong Tan, Bart JGL de Smet, Ad FM van den Heuvel, Michiel J Staal and Felix Zijlstra
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:18
  44. We aimed to assess whether we could identify a graded association between increasing number of components of the metabolic syndrome and cardiac structural and functional abnormalities independently of predicte...

    Authors: Ana Azevedo, Paulo Bettencourt, Pedro B Almeida, Ana C Santos, Cassiano Abreu-Lima, Hans-Werner Hense and Henrique Barros
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:17
  45. Cardiac asthma is common, but has been poorly investigated. The objective was to compare the characteristics and outcome of cardiac asthma with that of classical congestive heart failure (CHF) in elderly patie...

    Authors: Stéphane Jorge, Marie-Hélène Becquemin, Samuel Delerme, Mohamed Bennaceur, Richard Isnard, Rony Achkar, Bruno Riou, Jacques Boddaert and Patrick Ray
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:16
  46. Sirolimus (SRL, Rapamycin) has been used successfully to inhibit restenosis both in drug eluting stents (DES) and after systemic application. The current study reports on the effects of SRL in various human in...

    Authors: Rainer Voisard, Svenja Zellmann, Fabian Müller, Felicitas Fahlisch, Lutz von Müller, Regine Baur, Jürgen Braun, Jürgen Gschwendt, Margaratis Kountides, Vinzenz Hombach and Joachim Kamenz
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:15
  47. High blood pressure is an important determinant of cardiovascular disease risk. Treated hypertensives do not attain a risk level equivalent to normotensives. This may be a consequence of suboptimal blood press...

    Authors: Hari K Parthasarathy, Khamis Alhashmi, Alex D McMahon, Allan D Struthers, John MC Connell, Gordon T McInnes, Ian Ford and Thomas M MacDonald
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2007 7:14

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