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  1. We sought to determine the difference in the localization of coronary artery disease (CAD) between the left and right coronary artery system and investigate the effect of sex and age on that difference.

    Authors: George D Giannoglou, Antonios P Antoniadis, Yiannis S Chatzizisis and George E Louridas
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:26
  2. The global burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) continues to rise. Successful treatment of CVD requires adequate pharmaceutical management. The aim was to examine the availability, pricing and affordability ...

    Authors: Maaike SM van Mourik, Alexandra Cameron, Marg Ewen and Richard O Laing
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:25
  3. Multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have examined the cardiovascular effects of omega-3 fatty acids and have provided unexplained conflicting results. A meta-analysis of these RCTs to estimate efficac...

    Authors: Kristian B Filion, Fouad El Khoury, Michael Bielinski, Ian Schiller, Nandini Dendukuri and James M Brophy
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:24
  4. Genotype-phenotype association studies are typically based upon polymorphisms or haplotypes comprised of multiple polymorphisms within a single gene. It has been proposed that combinations of polymorphisms in ...

    Authors: Ines N Hahntow, Gideon Mairuhu, Irene GM van Valkengoed, Richard P Koopmans and Martin C Michel
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:23
  5. Hashimoto's thyroiditis is the most important cause of hypothyroidism. It is a systemic disease that can even affect the cardiovascular system, by accelerating the atherosclerotic process. Aim of this study wa...

    Authors: Marco M Ciccone, Giovanni De Pergola, Maria T Porcelli, Pietro Scicchitano, Pasquale Caldarola, Massimo Iacoviello, Guida Pietro, Francesco Giorgino and Stefano Favale
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:22
  6. Atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with a high risk of stroke are recommended anticoagulation with warfarin. However, the benefit of warfarin is dependent upon time spent within the target therapeutic range (TT...

    Authors: Danielle E Smith, Christian Borg Xuereb, Helen M Pattison, Gregory YH Lip and Deirdre A Lane
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:21
  7. Liberation from the ventilator is a difficult task, whereas early echocardiographic indices of weaning readiness are still lacking. The aim of this study was to test whether tricuspid annular plane systolic ex...

    Authors: Vasilios E Papaioannou, Dimitrios A Stakos, Christos K Dragoumanis and Ioannis A Pneumatikos
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:20
  8. Proteolytic degradation of Type I Collagen by proteases may play an important role in remodeling of atherosclerotic plaques, contributing to increased risk of plaque rupture.

    Authors: Natasha Barascuk, Helene Skjøt-Arkil, Thomas C Register, Lise Larsen, Inger Byrjalsen, Claus Christiansen and Morten A Karsdal
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:19
  9. Selection of the right warfarin dose at the outset of treatment is not straightforward, and current evidence is lacking to determine the optimal strategy for initiation of therapy.

    Authors: Carl Heneghan, Sally Tyndel, Clare Bankhead, Yi Wan, David Keeling, Rafael Perera and Alison Ward
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:18
  10. Maintaining a healthy weight and undertaking regular physical activity are important for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, many people with CVD are overweight and insufficientl...

    Authors: Janice Sangster, Susan Furber, Margaret Allman-Farinelli, Marion Haas, Philayrath Phongsavan, Andy Mark and Adrian Bauman
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:17
  11. Acute mental stress may contribute to the cardiovascular disease progression via autonomic nervous system controlled negative effects on the endothelium. The joint effects of stress-induced sympathetic or para...

    Authors: Nadja Chumaeva, Mirka Hintsanen, Taina Hintsa, Niklas Ravaja, Markus Juonala, Olli T Raitakari and Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:16
  12. Aorto-bifemoral bypass (AFB) is commonly performed to treat aorto-iliac disease and a durable long-term outcome is achieved. Most studies documenting beneficial outcomes after AFB have been limited to mortalit...

    Authors: Fernando J Abelha, Miguela Botelho, Vera Fernandes and Henrique Barros
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:15
  13. Bilateral stroke following radiofrequency catheter ablation is an unusual complication and may result in bilateral altitudinal visual field defects. Bilateral altitudinal visual field defects usually result fr...

    Authors: Susie T Luu, Andrew W Lee and Celia S Chen
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:14
  14. Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in India have increased pre-hospital delay and low rates of thrombolytic reperfusion. Use of ECG could reduce pre-hospital delay among patients who first present to ...

    Authors: Joshua Schulman-Marcus, Dorairaj Prabhakaran and Thomas A Gaziano
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:13
  15. Heart failure (HF) is a major cause of hospitalization and death in the aging population around the world. Home care utilization is associated with improved survival for the patients with HF, and varies by eth...

    Authors: Guanmin Chen, Nadia Khan, Kathryn M King, Brenda R Hemmelgarn and Hude Quan
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:12
  16. Clinical trials comparing thrombectomy devices with conventional percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) have produced conflicting results. T...

    Authors: Umesh U Tamhane, Stanley Chetcuti, Irfan Hameed, P Michael Grossman, Mauro Moscucci and Hitinder S Gurm
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:10
  17. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has witnessed dramatic treatment advances over the past decade. However, with the exception of epoprostenol, data from short-term randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have ...

    Authors: Peter Steele, Geoff Strange, John Wlodarczyk, Brad Dalton, Simon Stewart, Eli Gabbay and Anne Keogh
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:9
  18. To evaluate the influence of heart disease on clinical characteristics, quality of life, use of health resources, and costs of patients with COPD followed at primary care settings under common clinical practic...

    Authors: Javier de Miguel-Díez, Pilar Carrasco-Garrido, Javier Rejas-Gutierrez, Antonio Martín-Centeno, Elena Gobartt-Vázquez, Valentín Hernandez-Barrera, Angel Gil de Miguel and Rodrigo Jimenez-Garcia
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:8
  19. Atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs in about 27% to 40% of post cardiac surgery patients. AF following coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is associated with a two-fold increase in morbidity and mortality....

    Authors: Nasir Shariff, Steven Zelenkofske, Sherrine Eid, Michael J Weiss and Muneeruddin Q Mohammed
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:7
  20. The optimal duration of clopidogrel treatment after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is unclear. We studied the risk of death or recurrent myocardial infarction (MI) in relation to 6- and 12-months clo...

    Authors: Rikke Sørensen, Steen Z Abildstrom, Peter Weeke, Emil L Fosbøl, Fredrik Folke, Morten L Hansen, Peter R Hansen, Jan K Madsen, Ulrik Abildgaard, Lars Køber, Henrik E Poulsen, Christian Torp-Pedersen and Gunnar H Gislason
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:6
  21. Cardiac rehabilitation programs offer effective means to prevent recurrence of a cardiac event, but poor uptake of current programs have been reported globally. Home based models are considered as a feasible a...

    Authors: Darren L Walters, Antti Sarela, Anita Fairfull, Kylie Neighbour, Cherie Cowen, Belinda Stephens, Tom Sellwood, Bernadette Sellwood, Marie Steer, Michelle Aust, Rebecca Francis, Chi-Keung Lee, Sheridan Hoffman, Gavin Brealey and Mohan Karunanithi
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:5
  22. The time course of regional functional recovery following revascularization with regards to the presence or absence of infarction is poorly known. We studied the effect of the presence of chronic non-transmura...

    Authors: Martin Ugander, Peter A Cain, Per Johnsson, John Palmer and Håkan Arheden
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:4
  23. Indian Asians are at increased risk of cardiovascular death which does not appear to be explained by conventional risk factors. As microvascular disease is also more prevalent in Indian Asians, and as it is th...

    Authors: William D Strain, Alun D Hughes, Jamil Mayet, Andrew R Wright, Jaspal Kooner, Nish Chaturvedi and Angela C Shore
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:3
  24. The population incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) has been declining in Australia and many other countries. This decline has been due to reduced population levels of risk factors for CHD and improved me...

    Authors: Haider R Mannan, Matthew Knuiman and Michael Hobbs
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:2
  25. Ectonucleotidase dependent adenosine generation has been implicated in preconditioning related cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion injury, and treatment with a soluble ectonucleotidase has been shown...

    Authors: Jesper van der Pals, Sasha Koul, Michael I Götberg, Göran K Olivecrona, Martin Ugander, Mikael Kanski, Andreas Otto, Matthias Götberg, Håkan Arheden and David Erlinge
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:1
  26. Despite the potentially life-saving benefits of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), a significant group of patients experiences emotional distress after ICD implantation. Different psychosocial i...

    Authors: Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher and Ira S Ockene
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:56
  27. Lipids, particularly low-density (LDL) and high-density (HDL) lipoproteins, are associated with increased risk of stroke and cardiovascular disease, probably due to atherosclerosis. The objective of this cross...

    Authors: Hannah Gardener, David Della Morte, Mitchell SV Elkind, Ralph L Sacco and Tatjana Rundek
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:55
  28. Coronary artery anomalies (CAAs) are currently undergoing profound changes in understanding potentially pathophysiological mechanisms of disease. Aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of anomalou...

    Authors: Franz von Ziegler, Marco Pilla, Lori McMullan, Prasad Panse, Alexander W Leber, Norbert Wilke and Alexander Becker
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:54
  29. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is the standard of care in the treatment of advanced coronary artery disease, and its long-term results are affected by the failure of bypass grafts. The aim of the ...

    Authors: Hosseinali Bassri, Farzad Salari, Fereidoun Noohi, Marzieh Motevali, Seifollah Abdi, Nader Givtaj, Kamal Raissi and Majid Haghjoo
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:53
  30. The study aimed to determine the frequency and characteristics of heart failure with normal EF in a native African population with heart failure.

    Authors: Adedeji K Adebayo, Adewole A Adebiyi, Olulola O Oladapo, Okechukwu S Ogah, Akinyemi Aje, Dike B Ojji and Ayodele O Falase
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:52
  31. The simultaneous occurrence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), kidney disease, and anaemia is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. In the community setting, little data exists about the risk associ...

    Authors: Jocelyn Anderson, Liam G Glynn, John Newell, Alberto A Iglesias, Donal Reddan and Andrew W Murphy
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:51
  32. Beta-2 adrenergic receptor gene polymorphisms Gln27Glu, Arg16Gly and Thr164Ile were suggested to have an effect in heart failure. We evaluated these polymorphisms relative to clinical characteristics and progn...

    Authors: Alfredo José Mansur, Rosana Seleri Fontes, Regina Airoldi Canzi, Raphael Nishimura, Airlane Pereira Alencar, Antonio Carlos Pedroso de Lima, José Eduardo Krieger and Alexandre Costa Pereira
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:50
  33. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) and cyclins are thought to play a role in myocardial hypertrophic response to insults. We investigated these signaling pathways in cani...

    Authors: Maryam Mahmoudabady, Myrielle Mathieu, Karim Touihri, Ielham Hadad, Agnes Mendes Da Costa, Robert Naeije and Kathleen Mc Entee
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:49
  34. Restenosis represents the major limiting factor for the long-term efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Several genetic factors involved in the regulation of the vascular system have been descr...

    Authors: Silke Kullmann, Priska Binner, Kirsten Rackebrandt, Andreas Huge, Georg Haltern, Mark Lankisch, Reiner Füth, Eberhard von Hodenberg, Hans-Peter Bestehorn and Thomas Scheffold
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:48
  35. Heart failure is an important cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Studies to date have not established the prevalence heart failure amongst the minority ethnic community in the UK. T'he aim of the...

    Authors: Paramjit S Gill, Russell Davis, Michael Davies, Nick Freemantle and Gregory YH Lip
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:47
  36. Atherosclerosis is a chronic progressive disease often presenting as clinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. This study evaluated the characteristics of individuals with a diagnosis of atherosclerosis an...

    Authors: Jennifer G Robinson, Kathleen M Fox, Michael F Bullano and Susan Grandy
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:46
  37. The technique of percutaneous aortic valve implantation (PAVI) for the treatment of severe aortic stenosis (AS) has been introduced in 2002. Since then, many thousands such devices have worldwide been implante...

    Authors: Hans Van Brabandt and Mattias Neyt
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:45
  38. Mortality from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is declining worldwide. We sought to determine if mortality in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) has also been declining.

    Authors: Stephan D Fihn, Mary Vaughan-Sarrazin, Elliott Lowy, Ioana Popescu, Charles Maynard, Gary E Rosenthal, Anne E Sales, John Rumsfeld, Sandy Piñeros, Mary B McDonell, Christian D Helfrich, Roxane Rusch, Robert Jesse, Peter Almenoff, Barbara Fleming and Michael Kussman
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:44
  39. As the population ages, peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in the lower extremities will become a larger public health problem. Awareness in patients as well clinicians of the high risk of morbidity and mortali...

    Authors: I Vaartjes, GJ de Borst, JB Reitsma, A de Bruin, FL Moll, DE Grobbee and ML Bots
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:43
  40. Patients with refractory angina pectoris in end-stage coronary artery disease represent a severe condition with a higher reduction of life-expectancy and quality of life as compared to patients with stable cor...

    Authors: Thomas W Jax, Ansgar J Peters, Ahmed A Khattab, Matthias P Heintzen and Frank-Chris Schoebel
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:42
  41. Dyslipidemia, particularly hypertriglyceridemia is common in uremia, and represents an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis.

    Authors: Khedidja Mekki, Josiane Prost, Mustapha Remaoun, Jacques Belleville and Malika Bouchenak
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:41
  42. Endothelin-1 and angiotensin II are strong vasoconstrictors. Patients with ischemic heart disease have elevated plasma levels of endothelin-1 and angiotensin II and show increased vascular tone. The aim of the...

    Authors: Ivan Dimitrijevic, Marie-Louise Edvinsson, Qingwen Chen, Malin Malmsjö, Per-Ola Kimblad and Lars Edvinsson
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:40
  43. The prevention and control of high blood pressure or other cardiovascular diseases has not received due attention in many developing countries. This study aims to describe the epidemiology of high blood pressu...

    Authors: Fikru Tesfaye, Peter Byass and Stig Wall
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:39
  44. Natural heterologous valved conduits with a diameter greater than 22 mm that can be used for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction in adults are not commercially available. The purpose of this study w...

    Authors: Colin C Schwarzwald and Rolf Jenni
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:38
  45. It is apparent that despite lack of family history, patients with the morphological characteristics of left ventricular non-compaction develop arrhythmias, thrombo-embolism and left ventricular dysfunction.

    Authors: Zaheer R Yousef, Paul WX Foley, Kayvan Khadjooi, Shajil Chalil, Harald Sandman, Noor UH Mohammed and Francisco Leyva
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:37
  46. Prior research reveals that processes and outcomes of cardiac care differ across sociodemographic strata. One potential contributing factor to such differences is the personality traits of individuals within t...

    Authors: Kathryn M King, Colleen M Norris, Merril L Knudtson and William A Ghali
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:36
  47. It is estimated that 5% of the hypertensive patients are resistant to conventional antihypertensive therapy. Polymorphisms in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) gene have been associated with high bl...

    Authors: Ignacio Cruz-González, Esther Corral, María Sánchez-Ledesma, Angel Sánchez-Rodríguez, Cándido Martín-Luengo and Rogelio González-Sarmiento
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:35
  48. Several studies have examined the association of biomarkers of iron metabolism with measures of carotid artery atherosclerosis, with inconsistent results. Few studies, however, have evaluated the association b...

    Authors: Andy Menke, José Manuel Fernández-Real, Paul Muntner and Eliseo Guallar
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:34
  49. In Brazil, heart failure leads to approximately 25,000 deaths per year. Abnormal calcium handling is a hallmark of heart failure and changes in genes encoding for proteins involved in the re-uptake of calcium ...

    Authors: Diogo GB Santos, Alessandra Medeiros, Patrícia C Brum, José G Mill, Alfredo J Mansur, José E Krieger and Alexandre C Pereira
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:33

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