Effective treatments in heart failure (HF) patients with ischemic etiology have not been fully established. Nicorandil, combination of nitrate component and sarcolemmal adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channel opener, is a potent vasodilator of coronary and peripheral vessels and has been used as an antianginal agent. Therefore, we examined impacts of nicorandil on cardiac mortality in ischemic HF patients.
Consecutive 334 HF patients with ischemic etiology were retrospectively registered and divided into 2 groups based on oral administration of nicorandil: nicorandil group (n = 116) and non-nicorandil group (n = 218). We retrospectively examined cardiac mortality.
In the Kaplan-Meier analysis (mean follow-up period 963 days), cardiac mortality was significantly lower in the nicorandil group than in the non-nicorandil group (11.2% vs. 19.7%, P = 0.032). In the Cox proportional hazard analysis, usage of nicorandil was a suppressor of cardiac mortality (hazard ratio 0.512, 95% confidence interval 0.275–0.953, P = 0.035), and this result was consistent in several subgroup analyses, such as left ventricular ejection fraction, percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass graft, diabetes, β-blockers, and statins.
Nicorandil is potentially effective for reducing mortality in patients with ischemic heart failure.
This was a retrospective study.