Lin T, Chou P, Lai MS, Tsai ST, Tai TY. Direct costs-of-illness of patients with diabetes mellitus in Taiwan. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2001;54(Suppl 1):S43–6.
Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, Dietz WH, Vinicor F, Bales VS, Marks JS. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA. 2003;289(1):76–9.
American Diabetes Association. Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes-2016: Summary of Revisions. Diabetes Care. 2016;39(Suppl 1):S4–5.
Yudkin JS. How can we best prolong life? Benefits of coronary risk factor reduction in non-diabetic and diabetic subjects. BMJ (Clinical research ed). 1993;306(6888):1313–8.
Buse JB, Ginsberg HN, Bakris GL, Clark NG, Costa F, Eckel R, Fonseca V, Gerstein HC, Grundy S, Nesto RW, et al. Primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases in people with diabetes mellitus: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association and the American Diabetes Association. Circulation. 2007;115(1):114–26.
Belch J, MacCuish A, Campbell I, Cobbe S, Taylor R, Prescott R, Lee R, Bancroft J, MacEwan S, Shepherd J, et al. The prevention of progression of arterial disease and diabetes (POPADAD) trial: Factorial randomised placebo controlled trial of aspirin and antioxidants in patients with diabetes and asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease. BMJ (Clinical research ed). 2008;337:a1840.
Powers MA, Bardsley J, Cypress M, Duker P, Funnell MM, Fischl AH, Maryniuk MD, Siminerio L, Vivian E. Diabetes self-management education and support in type 2 diabetes: A joint position statement of the American Diabetes Association, the American Association of Diabetes Educators, and the academy of nutrition and dietetics. Diabetes Educ. 2015;41(4):417–30.
Haas L, Maryniuk M, Beck J, Cox CE, Duker P, Edwards L, Fisher EB, Hanson L, Kent D, Kolb L, et al. National standards for diabetes self-management education and support. Diabetes Care. 2014;37(Suppl 1):S144–53.
Pal K, Eastwood SV, Michie S, Farmer AJ, Barnard ML, Peacock R, Wood B, Inniss JD, Murray E. Computer-based diabetes self-management interventions for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;3:CD008776.
Hsieh HM, Lin TH, Lee IC, Huang CJ, Shin SJ, Chiu HC. The association between participation in a pay-for-performance program and macrovascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes in Taiwan: A nationwide population-based cohort study. Prev Med. 2016;85:53–9.
Wong CK, Wong WC, Wan EY, Chan AK, Chan FW, Lam CL. Macrovascular and microvascular disease in obese patients with type 2 diabetes attending structured diabetes education program: A population-based propensity-matched cohort analysis of patient empowerment Programme (PEP). Endocrine. 2016;53(2):412–22.
Hurtado M, Spinner JR, Yang M, Evensen C, Windham A, Ortiz G, Tracy R, Ivy ED. Knowledge and behavioral effects in cardiovascular health: Community health worker health disparities initiative, 2007–2010. Prev Chronic Dis. 2014;11:E22.
Altman R, Nunez de Ybarra J, Villablanca AC. Community-based cardiovascular disease prevention to reduce cardiometabolic risk in Latina women: A pilot program. J Womens Health (2002). 2014;23(4):350–7.
Pan WH, Lee MS, Chuang SY, Lin YC, Fu ML. Obesity pandemic, correlated factors and guidelines to define, screen and manage obesity in Taiwan. Obes Rev. 2008;9(Suppl 1):22–31.
Conrad DA, Perry L. Quality-based financial incentives in health care: Can we improve quality by paying for it? Annu Rev Public Health. 2009;30:357–71.
Lee TT, Cheng SH, Chen CC, Lai MS. A pay-for-performance program for diabetes care in Taiwan: A preliminary assessment. Am J Manag Care. 2010;16(1):65–9.
Hsieh HM, Shin SJ, Tsai SL, Chiu HC. Effectiveness of pay-for-performance incentive designs on diabetes care. Med Care. 2016;54(12):1063–9.
Dray-Spira R, Gary-Webb TL, Brancati FL. Educational disparities in mortality among adults with diabetes in the U.S. Diabetes Care. 2010;33(6):1200–5.
Vandenheede H, Deboosere P, Espelt A, Bopp M, Borrell C, Costa G, Eikemo TA, Gnavi R, Hoffmann R, Kulhanova I, et al. Educational inequalities in diabetes mortality across Europe in the 2000s: The interaction with gender. Int J Public Health. 2015;60(4):401–10.
Saydah S, Lochner K. Socioeconomic status and risk of diabetes-related mortality in the U.S. Public health Rep. (Washington, DC: 1974). 2010;125(3):377–88.
Reques L, Giraldez-Garcia C, Miqueleiz E, Belza MJ, Regidor E. Educational differences in mortality and the relative importance of different causes of death: A 7-year follow-up study of Spanish adults. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2014;68(12):1151–60.
Hamner J, Wilder B. Knowledge and risk of cardiovascular disease in rural Alabama women. J Am Acad Nurse Pract. 2008;20(6):333–8.
Potvin L, Richard L, Edwards AC. Knowledge of cardiovascular disease risk factors among the Canadian population: Relationships with indicators of socioeconomic status. CMAJ. 2000;162(9 Suppl):S5–11.
Greenlund KJ, Neff LJ, Zheng ZJ, Keenan NL, Giles WH, Ayala CA, Croft JB, Mensah GA. Low public recognition of major stroke symptoms. Am J Prev Med. 2003;25(4):315–9.
Sug Yoon S, Heller RF, Levi C, Wiggers J, Fitzgerald PE. Knowledge of stroke risk factors, warning symptoms, and treatment among an Australian urban population. Stroke. 2001;32(8):1926–30.
Jones SP, Jenkinson AJ, Leathley MJ, Watkins CL. Stroke knowledge and awareness: An integrative review of the evidence. Age Ageing. 2010;39(1):11–22.
Mudd-Martin G, Martinez MC, Rayens MK, Gokun Y, Meininger JC. Sociocultural tailoring of a healthy lifestyle intervention to reduce cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes risk among Latinos. Prev Chronic Dis. 2013;10:E200.
Yu R, Yan LL, Wang H, Ke L, Yang Z, Gong E, Guo H, Liu J, Gu Y, Wu Y. Effectiveness of a community-based individualized lifestyle intervention among older adults with diabetes and hypertension, Tianjin, China, 2008–2009. Prev Chronic Dis. 2014;11:E84.
Koniak-Griffin D, Brecht ML, Takayanagi S, Villegas J, Melendrez M, Balcazar H. A community health worker-led lifestyle behavior intervention for Latina (Hispanic) women: Feasibility and outcomes of a randomized controlled trial. Int J Nurs Stud. 2015;52(1):75–87.
Ricci-Cabello I, Ruiz-Perez I, Rojas-Garcia A, Pastor G, Rodriguez-Barranco M, Goncalves DC. Characteristics and effectiveness of diabetes self-management educational programs targeted to racial/ethnic minority groups: A systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression. BMC Endocr Disord. 2014;14:60.
Miyamatsu N, Kimura K, Okamura T, Iguchi Y, Nakayama H, Toyota A, Watanabe M, Morimoto A, Morinaga M, Yamaguchi T. Effects of public education by television on knowledge of early stroke symptoms among a Japanese population aged 40 to 74 years: A controlled study. Stroke. 2012;43(2):545–9.
Fogle CC, Oser CS, McNamara MJ, Helgerson SD, Gohdes D, Harwell TS. Impact of media on community awareness of stroke warning signs: A comparison study. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2010;19(5):370–5.
Huang N, Shih SF, Chang HY, Chou YJ. Record linkage research and informed consent: Who consents? BMC Health Serv Res. 2007;7:18.
Hsieh FI, Chiou HY. Stroke: Morbidity, risk factors, and care in taiwan. J Stroke. 2014;16(2):59–64.