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  1. The study aimed to determine the frequency and characteristics of heart failure with normal EF in a native African population with heart failure.

    Authors: Adedeji K Adebayo, Adewole A Adebiyi, Olulola O Oladapo, Okechukwu S Ogah, Akinyemi Aje, Dike B Ojji and Ayodele O Falase
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:52
  2. The simultaneous occurrence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), kidney disease, and anaemia is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. In the community setting, little data exists about the risk associ...

    Authors: Jocelyn Anderson, Liam G Glynn, John Newell, Alberto A Iglesias, Donal Reddan and Andrew W Murphy
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:51
  3. Beta-2 adrenergic receptor gene polymorphisms Gln27Glu, Arg16Gly and Thr164Ile were suggested to have an effect in heart failure. We evaluated these polymorphisms relative to clinical characteristics and progn...

    Authors: Alfredo José Mansur, Rosana Seleri Fontes, Regina Airoldi Canzi, Raphael Nishimura, Airlane Pereira Alencar, Antonio Carlos Pedroso de Lima, José Eduardo Krieger and Alexandre Costa Pereira
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:50
  4. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) and cyclins are thought to play a role in myocardial hypertrophic response to insults. We investigated these signaling pathways in cani...

    Authors: Maryam Mahmoudabady, Myrielle Mathieu, Karim Touihri, Ielham Hadad, Agnes Mendes Da Costa, Robert Naeije and Kathleen Mc Entee
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:49
  5. Restenosis represents the major limiting factor for the long-term efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Several genetic factors involved in the regulation of the vascular system have been descr...

    Authors: Silke Kullmann, Priska Binner, Kirsten Rackebrandt, Andreas Huge, Georg Haltern, Mark Lankisch, Reiner Füth, Eberhard von Hodenberg, Hans-Peter Bestehorn and Thomas Scheffold
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:48
  6. Heart failure is an important cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Studies to date have not established the prevalence heart failure amongst the minority ethnic community in the UK. T'he aim of the...

    Authors: Paramjit S Gill, Russell Davis, Michael Davies, Nick Freemantle and Gregory YH Lip
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:47
  7. Atherosclerosis is a chronic progressive disease often presenting as clinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. This study evaluated the characteristics of individuals with a diagnosis of atherosclerosis an...

    Authors: Jennifer G Robinson, Kathleen M Fox, Michael F Bullano and Susan Grandy
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:46
  8. The technique of percutaneous aortic valve implantation (PAVI) for the treatment of severe aortic stenosis (AS) has been introduced in 2002. Since then, many thousands such devices have worldwide been implante...

    Authors: Hans Van Brabandt and Mattias Neyt
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:45
  9. Mortality from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is declining worldwide. We sought to determine if mortality in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) has also been declining.

    Authors: Stephan D Fihn, Mary Vaughan-Sarrazin, Elliott Lowy, Ioana Popescu, Charles Maynard, Gary E Rosenthal, Anne E Sales, John Rumsfeld, Sandy Piñeros, Mary B McDonell, Christian D Helfrich, Roxane Rusch, Robert Jesse, Peter Almenoff, Barbara Fleming and Michael Kussman
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:44
  10. As the population ages, peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in the lower extremities will become a larger public health problem. Awareness in patients as well clinicians of the high risk of morbidity and mortali...

    Authors: I Vaartjes, GJ de Borst, JB Reitsma, A de Bruin, FL Moll, DE Grobbee and ML Bots
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:43
  11. Patients with refractory angina pectoris in end-stage coronary artery disease represent a severe condition with a higher reduction of life-expectancy and quality of life as compared to patients with stable cor...

    Authors: Thomas W Jax, Ansgar J Peters, Ahmed A Khattab, Matthias P Heintzen and Frank-Chris Schoebel
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:42
  12. Dyslipidemia, particularly hypertriglyceridemia is common in uremia, and represents an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis.

    Authors: Khedidja Mekki, Josiane Prost, Mustapha Remaoun, Jacques Belleville and Malika Bouchenak
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:41
  13. Endothelin-1 and angiotensin II are strong vasoconstrictors. Patients with ischemic heart disease have elevated plasma levels of endothelin-1 and angiotensin II and show increased vascular tone. The aim of the...

    Authors: Ivan Dimitrijevic, Marie-Louise Edvinsson, Qingwen Chen, Malin Malmsjö, Per-Ola Kimblad and Lars Edvinsson
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:40
  14. The prevention and control of high blood pressure or other cardiovascular diseases has not received due attention in many developing countries. This study aims to describe the epidemiology of high blood pressu...

    Authors: Fikru Tesfaye, Peter Byass and Stig Wall
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:39
  15. Natural heterologous valved conduits with a diameter greater than 22 mm that can be used for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction in adults are not commercially available. The purpose of this study w...

    Authors: Colin C Schwarzwald and Rolf Jenni
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:38
  16. It is apparent that despite lack of family history, patients with the morphological characteristics of left ventricular non-compaction develop arrhythmias, thrombo-embolism and left ventricular dysfunction.

    Authors: Zaheer R Yousef, Paul WX Foley, Kayvan Khadjooi, Shajil Chalil, Harald Sandman, Noor UH Mohammed and Francisco Leyva
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:37
  17. Prior research reveals that processes and outcomes of cardiac care differ across sociodemographic strata. One potential contributing factor to such differences is the personality traits of individuals within t...

    Authors: Kathryn M King, Colleen M Norris, Merril L Knudtson and William A Ghali
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:36
  18. It is estimated that 5% of the hypertensive patients are resistant to conventional antihypertensive therapy. Polymorphisms in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) gene have been associated with high bl...

    Authors: Ignacio Cruz-González, Esther Corral, María Sánchez-Ledesma, Angel Sánchez-Rodríguez, Cándido Martín-Luengo and Rogelio González-Sarmiento
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:35
  19. Several studies have examined the association of biomarkers of iron metabolism with measures of carotid artery atherosclerosis, with inconsistent results. Few studies, however, have evaluated the association b...

    Authors: Andy Menke, José Manuel Fernández-Real, Paul Muntner and Eliseo Guallar
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:34
  20. In Brazil, heart failure leads to approximately 25,000 deaths per year. Abnormal calcium handling is a hallmark of heart failure and changes in genes encoding for proteins involved in the re-uptake of calcium ...

    Authors: Diogo GB Santos, Alessandra Medeiros, Patrícia C Brum, José G Mill, Alfredo J Mansur, José E Krieger and Alexandre C Pereira
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:33
  21. The impact of reducing door-to-balloon time on hospital revenues, costs, and net income is unknown.

    Authors: Umesh N Khot, Michele L Johnson-Wood, Jason B Geddes, Curtis Ramsey, Monica B Khot, Heather Taillon, Randall Todd, Saeed R Shaikh and William J Berg
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:32
  22. Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1) analogues are promising new treatment options for patients with type 2 diabetes, but may have both potentially beneficial and harmful cardiovascular effects. This may also be the...

    Authors: Jens Kristensen, Ulrik M Mortensen, Morten Schmidt, Peter Haubjerg Nielsen, Torsten Toftegaard Nielsen and Michael Maeng
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:31
  23. Urban areas in Africa suffer a serious problem with dual burden of infectious diseases and emerging chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and diabetes which pose a serious threat to population...

    Authors: Marina A Njelekela, Rose Mpembeni, Alfa Muhihi, Nuru L Mligiliche, Donna Spiegelman, Ellen Hertzmark, Enju Liu, Julia L Finkelstein, Wafaie W Fawzi, Walter C Willett and Jacob Mtabaji
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:30
  24. We assessed the degree to which differences in guideline-based medical therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) contribute to the higher mortality associated with kidney disease.

    Authors: Pamela N Peterson, Amrut V Ambardekar, Philip G Jones, Harlan M Krumholz, Erik Schelbert, John A Spertus, John S Rumsfeld and Frederick A Masoudi
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:29
  25. Cardiovascular risk factors start early, track through the young age and manifest in middle age in most societies. We conducted epidemiological studies to determine prevalence and age-specific trends in cardio...

    Authors: Rajeev Gupta, Anoop Misra, Naval K Vikram, Dimple Kondal, Shaon Sen Gupta, Aachu Agrawal and RM Pandey
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:28
  26. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) -containing macrophages and neutrophils have been described at sites of plaque rupture. The presence of these cells in precursor lesions to acute rupture (thin cap atheroma, or vulnerable...

    Authors: Fabio R Tavora, Mary Ripple, Ling Li and Allen P Burke
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:27
  27. In a previous study, we observed that oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced death of endothelial cells was calpain-1-dependent. The purpose of the present paper was to study the possible activation of calpa...

    Authors: Isabel Gonçalves, Mihaela Nitulescu, Takaomi C Saido, Nuno Dias, Luis M Pedro, José Fernandes e Fernandes, Mikko PS Ares and Isabella Pörn-Ares
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:26
  28. The health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of hypertensives may be influenced by blood pressure, adverse effects of drugs used to treat hypertension, or other factors, such as the labelling effect, or beliefs ...

    Authors: Michael O Ogunlana, Babatunde Adedokun, Magbagbeola D Dairo and Nse A Odunaiya
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:25
  29. Patients with acute chest pain are often referred to the emergency ward and extensively investigated. Investigations are costly and could induce unnecessary complications, especially with invasive diagnostics....

    Authors: Hendrik M Willemsen, Gonda de Jong, René A Tio, Wybe Nieuwland, Ido P Kema, Iwan CC van der Horst, Mattijs Oudkerk and Felix Zijlstra
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:24
  30. Mass-migration observed in Peru from the 1970s occurred because of the need to escape from politically motivated violence and work related reasons. The majority of the migrant population, mostly Andean peasant...

    Authors: J Jaime Miranda, Robert H Gilman, Héctor H García and Liam Smeeth
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:23
  31. Mood disorder is recognised as an important and common problem after stroke but little is known about the longer term effects of mood on functional outcomes. This protocol paper describes the Stroke Outcomes S...

    Authors: Kate M Hill, Robert M West, Jenny Hewison and Allan O House
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:22
  32. Wrist blood pressure (BP) devices have physiological limits with regards to accuracy, therefore they were not preferred for home BP monitoring. However some wrist devices have been successfully validated using...

    Authors: Sakir Uen, Rolf Fimmers, Miriam Brieger, Georg Nickenig and Thomas Mengden
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:20
  33. High blood pressure (BP) is now an important public health problem in non-industrialised countries. The limited evidence suggests ethnic inequalities in BP in adults in some non-industrialised countries. Howev...

    Authors: Charles Agyemang, Eline Oudeman, Wilco Zijlmans, Johannes Wendte and Karien Stronks
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:19
  34. While the order for a clinical transthoracic examination is fairly standardized, there is considerable variability between laboratories and even among physicians in the same laboratory with regard to the order...

    Authors: Avinash A Kothavale, Susan B Yeon and Warren J Manning
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:18
  35. No comparisons have been made of scales estimating cardiovascular mortality and overall cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The study objectives were to assess the agreement between the Framingham-D'Agosti...

    Authors: Manuel A Gómez-Marcos, Carlos Martínez-Salgado, Carlos Martin-Cantera, José I Recio-Rodríguez, Yolanda Castaño-Sánchez, Maria Giné-Garriga, Emiliano Rodriguez-Sanchez and Luis García-Ortiz
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:17
  36. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a significant cause of health and economic burden. Secondary prevention programs play a pivotal role in the treatment and management of those affected by CHD although participat...

    Authors: Anna L Hawkes, John Atherton, C Barr Taylor, Paul Scuffham, Kathy Eadie, Nancy Houston Miller and Brian Oldenburg
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:16
  37. Hypoxemia is common in pulmonary hypertension (PH) and may be partly related to ventilation/perfusion mismatch, low diffusion capacity, low cardiac output, and/or right-to-left (RL) shunting.

    Authors: Jean-Frédéric Vodoz, Vincent Cottin, Jean-Charles Glérant, Geneviève Derumeaux, Chahéra Khouatra, Anne-Sophie Blanchet, Bénédicte Mastroïanni, Jean-Yves Bayle, Jean-François Mornex and Jean-François Cordier
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:15
  38. Self-reported health perceptions such as physical distress and quality of life are suggested independent predictors of mortality and morbidity in patients with established cardiovascular disease. This study ex...

    Authors: Gunnar Einvik, Øivind Ekeberg, Tor O Klemsdal, Leiv Sandvik and Elsa M Hjerkinn
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:14
  39. Pharmacological inhibition of endothelial arginase-II has been shown to improve endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) function and reduce atherogenesis in animal models. We investigated whether the endothel...

    Authors: Xiu-Fen Ming, Angana Gupta Rajapakse, João Miguel Carvas, Jean Ruffieux and Zhihong Yang
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:12
  40. Autonomic dysfunction appears to play a significant role in the development of atrial fibrillation (AF), and impaired heart rate recovery (HRR) during exercise treadmill testing (ETT) is a known marker for aut...

    Authors: Thomas M Maddox, Colleen Ross, P Michael Ho, David Magid and John S Rumsfeld
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:11
  41. We examined whether impaired renal function causes thickening of the aortic valve leaflets in hyperlipidemic apoE-knockout (apoE-/-) mice, and whether the putative effect on the aortic valves could be prevented b...

    Authors: Mikko A Simolin, Tanja X Pedersen, Susanne Bro, Mikko I Mäyränpää, Satu Helske, Lars B Nielsen and Petri T Kovanen
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:10
  42. Disease severity and functional impairment in patients with intermittent claudication is usually quantified by the measurement of pain-free walking distance (intermittent claudication distance, ICD) and maxima...

    Authors: Lotte M Kruidenier, Saskia PA Nicolaï, Edith M Willigendael, Rob A de Bie, Martin H Prins and Joep AW Teijink
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:9
  43. Moderate alcohol consumption is protective against coronary artery disease. Endothelial dysfunction contributes to atherosclerosis and the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. The effects of alcohol consump...

    Authors: Keiko Suzuki, Mitchell SV Elkind, Bernadette Boden-Albala, Zhezhen Jin, Grace Berry, Marco R Di Tullio, Ralph L Sacco and Shunichi Homma
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:8
  44. The association of elevated serum levels of secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) in patients with cardiovascular disease and their presence in atherosclerotic lesions suggest the participation of sPLA2 enzymes in t...

    Authors: Jose O Leite, Ushma Vaishnav, Michael Puglisi, Heather Fraser, Joaquim Trias and Maria Luz Fernandez
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:7
  45. Controlling blood pressure with drugs is a key aspect of cardiovascular disease prevention, but until recently has been the sole preserve of health professionals. Self-management of hypertension is an under re...

    Authors: Richard J McManus, Emma P Bray, Jonathan Mant, Roger Holder, Sheila Greenfield, Stirling Bryan, Miren I Jones, Paul Little, Bryan Williams and FD Richard Hobbs
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:6
  46. Studies have demonstrated that the use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) is effective for the primary prevention of arrhythmic events but due to imposing costs, there remains a need to identify...

    Authors: Charlotte J van der Avoort, Kristian B Filion, Nandini Dendukuri and James M Brophy
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:5
  47. The use of omega-3 fatty acids is a currently proven strategy for secondary prevention of heart disease. The prescription practices for this important nutraceutical is not currently known. It is imperative to ...

    Authors: Saqib A Gowani, Sana Shoukat, Ather M Taqui, Hashim M Hanif, Wasiq F Rawasia, Zeeshan Qadri and Sajid H Dhakam
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:4
  48. Case-control Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) have identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at the 9p21 locus as risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD). The locus does not contain a clea...

    Authors: Suet Nee Chen, Christie M Ballantyne, Antonio M Gotto Jr and Ali J Marian
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:3

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