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  1. Few studies investigated the association between smoking, alcohol consumption, or physical activity and the risk of unstable angina pectoris (UAP), while the strength of these associations may differ compared ...

    Authors: Audrey HH Merry, Jolanda MA Boer, Leo J Schouten, Edith JM Feskens, WM Monique Verschuren, Anton PM Gorgels and Piet A van den Brandt
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:13
  2. There is under-diagnosis of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the English population, despite financial incentives to encourage general practices to register new cases. We compared the modelled (expected) and di...

    Authors: Michael Soljak, Edgar Samarasundera, Tejal Indulkar, Hannah Walford and Azeem Majeed
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:12
  3. Cardiovascular (CV) events are prevalent and expensive worldwide both in terms of direct medical costs at the time of the event and follow-up healthcare after the event. This study aims to determine initial an...

    Authors: Richard H Chapman, Larry Z Liu, Prafulla G Girase and Robert J Straka
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:11
  4. Genetic risk factors might improve prediction of coronary events. Several variants at chromosome 9p21.3 have been widely reported to be associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) in prospective and case-cont...

    Authors: Dov Shiffman, Ellen S O'Meara, Charles M Rowland, Judy Z Louie, Mary Cushman, Russell P Tracy, James J Devlin and Bruce M Psaty
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:10
  5. Recent genome-wide association studies have identified several genetic loci linked to coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocardial infarction (MI). The 9p21.3 locus was verified by numerous replication studies...

    Authors: Thomas Scheffold, Silke Kullmann, Andreas Huge, Priska Binner, Hermann R Ochs, Wolfgang Schöls, Joachim Thale, Wolfgang Motz, Franz Josef Hegge, Christoph Stellbrink, Thomas Dorsel, Hartmut Gülker, Hubertus Heuer, Wilfried Dinh, Monika Stoll and Georg Haltern
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:9
  6. Coronary heart disease (CHD) and depression are leading causes of disease burden globally and the two often co-exist. Depression is common after Myocardial Infarction (MI) and it has been estimated that 15-35%...

    Authors: Adrienne O'Neil, Anna L Hawkes, Bianca Chan, Kristy Sanderson, Andrew Forbes, Bruce Hollingsworth, John Atherton, David L Hare, Michael Jelinek, Kathy Eadie, C Barr Taylor and Brian Oldenburg
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:8
  7. Obesity is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Arterial stiffness assessed by carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortali...

    Authors: N Nordstrand, E Gjevestad, KN Dinh, D Hofsø, J Røislien, E Saltvedt, I Os and J Hjelmesæth
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:7
  8. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a frequent manifestation in Fabry disease (FD) - an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by reduced activity of the enzyme α-galactosidase A. In FD an elevation of specific...

    Authors: Christian Tanislav, Andreas Feustel, Wolfgang Franzen, Oliver Wüsten, Christian Schneider, Frank Reichenberger, Arndt Rolfs and Nicole Sieweke
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:6
  9. Cardiac catheterization may cause retinal embolization, a risk factor for cerebrovascular emboli and stroke. We describe the incidence of clinically silent and apparent retinal emboli following diagnostic and ...

    Authors: Javad Kojuri, Morteza Mehdizadeh, Hamed Rostami and Danial Shahidian
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:5
  10. To investigate the presence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) via the ankle brachial index (ABI) in patients with known cardiovascular and/or cerebrovascular diseases or with at least one risk factor for athe...

    Authors: Ahmet K Bozkurt, Ilker Tasci, Omur Tabak, Mehmet Gumus and Yesim Kaplan
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:4
  11. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of death after renal transplantation. Not only conventional CVD risk factors, but also transplant-specific risk factors can influence the development of CVD in k...

    Authors: Salvador Pita-Fernández, Sonia Pértega-Díaz, Francisco Valdés-Cañedo, Rocío Seijo-Bestilleiro, Teresa Seoane-Pillado, Constantino Fernández-Rivera, Angel Alonso-Hernández, Dolores Lorenzo-Aguiar, Beatriz López-Calviño and Andres López-Muñiz
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:2
  12. There is conflicting and only scant evidence on the effect of gender on long-term survival after a myocardial infarction (MI). Our aim was to analyse sex-specific survival of patients for up to 23 years after ...

    Authors: Rose-Marie Isaksson, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Dan Lundblad, Ulf Näslund, Karin Zingmark and Mats Eliasson
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2011 11:1
  13. Body iron status has been implicated in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The main hypothesis is that high iron status is associated with increased risk of atherosclerosis. We investigated the potential ...

    Authors: Shahram Akhlaghpoor, Morteza Hoseini and Amirhosein Jafarisepehr
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:62
  14. We aimed to evaluate the changes over time in the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control rate of hypertension in intervention and reference areas of a comprehensive community trial with reference area.

    Authors: Alireza Khosravi, Gilda Kiani Mehr, Roya Kelishadi, Shahin Shirani, Mojgan Gharipour, Aliakbar Tavassoli, Fatemeh Noori and Nizal Sarrafzadegan
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:61
  15. We evaluated the associations among angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism, ACE activity and post-myocardial infarction (MI) left ventricular dysfunction and acute heart...

    Authors: Jiri Parenica, Monika Pavkova Goldbergova, Petr Kala, Jiri Jarkovsky, Martin Poloczek, Jan Manousek, Krystyna Prymusova, Lenka Kubkova, Daniela Tomcikova, Ondrej Toman, Martin Tesak, Josef Tomandl, Anna Vasku and Jindrich Spinar
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:60
  16. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a previously shown survival benefit resulting from routine early invasive management of unselected patients with acute non-ST-segment elevation myocardia...

    Authors: Erlend Aune, Knut Endresen, Jo Roislien, Joran Hjelmesaeth and Jan Erik Otterstad
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:59
  17. Reduced heart rate variability (HRV), a non-invasive marker of autonomic dysfunction, and an unhealthy lifestyle are associated with an increased morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The a...

    Authors: Alexander Kluttig, Barbara Schumann, Cees A Swenne, Jan A Kors, Oliver Kuss, Hendrik Schmidt, Karl Werdan, Johannes Haerting and Karin H Greiser
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:58
  18. Most studies providing data on survival in patients with atherosclerosis only address a single disease site: heart, brain or legs. Therefore, our objective was to determine risk of death after first hospital a...

    Authors: Ilonca Vaartjes, Ineke van Dis, Diederick E Grobbee and Michiel L Bots
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:57
  19. Aortic calcification is a major risk factor for death from cardiovascular disease. We investigated the relationship between mortality and the composite markers of number, size, morphology and distribution of c...

    Authors: Mads Nielsen, Melanie Ganz, Francois Lauze, Paola C Pettersen, Marleen de Bruijne, Thomas B Clarkson, Erik B Dam, Claus Christiansen and Morten A Karsdal
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:56
  20. Blood pressure (BP) variability has been associated with cardiovascular outcomes, but there is no consensus about the more effective method to measure it by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). We eval...

    Authors: Estefânia Wittke, Sandra C Fuchs, Flávio D Fuchs, Leila B Moreira, Elton Ferlin, Fábio T Cichelero, Carolina M Moreira, Jeruza Neyeloff, Marina B Moreira and Miguel Gus
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:55
  21. Optimal manual closed chest compressions are difficult to give. A mechanical compression/decompression device, named LUCAS, is programmed to give compression according to the latest international guidelines (2...

    Authors: Qiuming Liao, Trygve Sjöberg, Audrius Paskevicius, Björn Wohlfart and Stig Steen
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:53
  22. Atrio-esophageal fistula formation following radiofrequency ablation of left atrial tachyarrhythmias is a rare but devastating complication. Esophageal injuries are believed to be precursors of fistula formati...

    Authors: Armin Sause, Osman Tutdibi, Karsten Pomsel, Wilfried Dinh, Reiner Füth, Mark Lankisch, Thomas Glosemeyer-Allhoff, Jan Janssen and Micheal Müller
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:52
  23. The use of mechanical/physical devices for applying mild therapeutic hypothermia is the only proven neuroprotective treatment for survivors of out of hospital cardiac arrest. However, this type of therapy is c...

    Authors: Keld Fosgerau, Uno J Weber, Jacob W Gotfredsen, Magdalena Jayatissa, Carsten Buus, Niels B Kristensen, Mogens Vestergaard, Peter Teschendorf, Andreas Schneider, Philip Hansen, Jakob Raunsø, Lars Køber, Christian Torp-Pedersen and Charlotte Videbaek
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:51
  24. Rural-to-urban migration in low- and middle-income countries causes an increase in individual cardiovascular risk. Cost-effective interventions at early stages of the natural history of coronary disease such a...

    Authors: M Justin S Zaman, Christian Loret de Mola, Robert H Gilman, Liam Smeeth and J Jaime Miranda
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:50
  25. People with intermittent claudication are at increased risk of death from heart attack and stroke compared to matched controls. Surgery for intermittent claudication is for symptom management and does not redu...

    Authors: Maggie A Cunningham, Vivien Swanson, Ronan E O'Carroll and Richard J Holdsworth
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:49
  26. Alport syndrome (AS) is a rare inherited disorder characterized by an inflammation of the kidneys and damage to the glomerular capillaries, ultimately leading to renal failure at an early age. To date, rare re...

    Authors: Pier Paolo Bassareo, Andrea Raffaele Marras and Giuseppe Mercuro
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:48
  27. The MASS IV-DM Trial is a large project from a single institution, the Heart Institute (InCor), University of São Paulo Medical School, Brazil to study ventricular function and coronary arteries in patients wi...

    Authors: Whady Hueb, Neuza Lopes, Paulo R Soares, Bernard J Gersh, Eduardo Gomes Lima, Ricardo D´Oliveira Vieira, Cibele Larrosa Garzillo, Rosa Rhami Garcia, Alexandre Costa Pereira, Celia Maria Strunz, Claudio Meneguetti, Jeane Tsutsui, Jose Parga, Pedro Lemos, Alexandre Hueb, Augusto Ushida…
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:47
  28. The INSIG2 gene has been implicated in cholesterol metabolism and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) near INSIG2 has been shown to be associated with obesity. We sought to determine the relationship of the IN...

    Authors: Kimberly A Skelding, Glenn S Gerhard, Helen Vlachos, Faith Selzer, Sheryl F Kelsey, Xin Chu, Robert Erdman, David O Williams and Kevin E Kip
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:46
  29. Polymorphonuclear neutrophils, stimulated by the activated complement factor C5a, have been implicated in cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury. ADC-1004 is a competitive C5a receptor antagonist that has been sh...

    Authors: Jesper van der Pals, Sasha Koul, Patrik Andersson, Matthias Götberg, Joey FA Ubachs, Mikael Kanski, Håkan Arheden, Göran K Olivecrona, Bengt Larsson and David Erlinge
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:45
  30. Lowering of blood pressure by antihypertensive drugs reduces the risks of cardiovascular events, stroke, and total mortality. However, poor adherence to antihypertensive medications reduces their effectiveness...

    Authors: Alfonso Leiva, Marta Fajó, Luís Escriche, Francisco J Audera, Sara López, Ma Carmén Martín, Rosa González, Gaspar Tamborero, Elena M García, Rosa Duro, Ramón Orueta, Francisca Serra, Pilar D'agosto P, Jerónima Miralles, Patricia Lorente, Joan Llobera…
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:44
  31. Expanded endothelial progenitor cells (eEPC) improve global left ventricular function in experimental myocardial infarction (MI). Erythropoietin beta (EPO) applied together with eEPC may improve regional myoca...

    Authors: Andreas Stein, Martina Knödler, Markus Makowski, Sandra Kühnel, Stefan Nekolla, Alexandra Keithahn, Eliane Weidl, Philip Groha, Maren Schürmann, Atti Saraste, Rene Botnar, Robert AJ Oostendorp and Ilka Ott
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:43
  32. To evaluate the midterm results of patients with angina and diffuse coronary artery disease treated with transmyocardial revascularization in combination with autologous stem cell therapy.

    Authors: Guillermo Reyes, Keith B Allen, Pablo Álvarez, Adrian Alegre, Beatriz Aguado, MariaJose Olivera, Paloma Caballero, JoseLuis Rodríguez and Juan Duarte
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:42
  33. The clinical impact of PlA2 polymorphism has been investigated in several diseases, but the definition of its specific role on thrombotic cardiovascular complications has been challenging. We aimed to explore ...

    Authors: Gennaro Galasso, Gaetano Santulli, Federico Piscione, Roberta De Rosa, Valentina Trimarco, Raffaele Piccolo, Salvatore Cassese, Guido Iaccarino, Bruno Trimarco and Massimo Chiariello
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:41
  34. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is caused by narrowing of the arteries in the lower extremities. Limited data exist concerning the impact of diffuse vascular disease (DVD) on prognosis and costs. Thus, the o...

    Authors: Kristen Migliaccio-Walle, Michael Stokes, Irina Proskorovsky, Dan Popovici-Toma and Wissam El-Hadi
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:40
  35. Survivors of a cardiac arrest often have persistent cardiovascular derangements following cardiopulmonary resuscitation including decreased cardiac output, arrhythmias and morphological myocardial damage. Thes...

    Authors: Keld Fosgerau, Giuseppe Ristagno, Magdalena Jayatissa, Mads Axelsen, Jacob W Gotfredsen, Uno J Weber, Lars Køber, Christian Torp-Pedersen and Charlotte Videbaek
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:39
  36. As populations in Western countries continue to change in their ethnic composition, there is a need for regular surveillance of diseases that have previously shown some health disparities. Earlier data have al...

    Authors: Aman PK Nijjar, Hong Wang, Hude Quan and Nadia A Khan
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:38
  37. Blood pressure (BP) lowering in people who have had a stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) leads to reduced risk of further stroke. However, it is not clear what the target BP should be, since intensific...

    Authors: Kate Fletcher, Jonathan Mant, Richard McManus, Sarah Campbell, Jonathan Betts, Clare Taylor, Satnam Virdee, Sue Jowett, Una Martin, Sheila Greenfield, Gary Ford, Nick Freemantle and FD Richard Hobbs
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:37
  38. Lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a marker of widespread atherosclerosis. Individuals with PAD, most of whom do not show typical PAD symptoms ('asymptomatic' patients), are at increased risk...

    Authors: Claudio Cimminiello, Claudio Borghi, Serge Kownator, Jean Claude Wautrecht, Christos P Carvounis, Stefanus E Kranendonk, Beat Kindler and Mario Mangrella
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:35
  39. The syndrome of vital exhaustion (VE), characterized by fatigue and irritability, may contribute to an increased risk of atherosclerosis. The aim of the study was to explore sex differences in the interactions...

    Authors: Nadja Chumaeva, Mirka Hintsanen, Markus Juonala, Olli T Raitakari and Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:34
  40. Moxibustion is a traditional East Asian medical therapy that uses the heat generated by burning herbal preparations containing Artemisia vulgaris to stimulate acupuncture points. The aim of this review was to eva...

    Authors: Jong-In Kim, Jun-Yong Choi, Hyangsook Lee, Myeong Soo Lee and Edzard Ernst
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:33
  41. Heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction and abnormal diastolic function is commonly observed after recovery from an acute myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to investigate...

    Authors: Myrielle Mathieu, Bachar El Oumeiri, Karim Touihri, Ielham Hadad, Maryam Mahmoudabady, Philippe Thoma, Thierry Metens, Jozef Bartunek, Guy R Heyndrickx, Serge Brimioulle, Robert Naeije and Kathleen Mc Entee
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:32
  42. To analyze the in-hospital complication rate in women suffering from non-ST elevation myocardial infarction treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) compared to men.

    Authors: Caroline Berthillot, Dominique Stephan, Michel Chauvin and Gerald Roul
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:31
  43. Development of experimental animal models has played an important role in understanding the mechanisms of cardiac memory. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new canine model of cardiac memory using en...

    Authors: Li Yue-Chun, Ge Li-Sha, Guang Xue-Qiang, Chen Peng, Wu Lian-Pin, Yang Peng-Lin, Tang Ji-Fei and Lin Jia-Feng
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:30
  44. Prior studies have found that patients taking single-pill amlodipine/atorvastatin (SPAA) have greater likelihood of adherence at 6 months than those taking 2-pill calcium-channel blocker and statin combination...

    Authors: Richard H Chapman, Jason Yeaw and Craig S Roberts
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:29
  45. Resting conventional 12-lead ECG has low sensitivity for detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and low positive predictive value (PPV) for prediction of left ventric...

    Authors: Todd T Schlegel, Walter B Kulecz, Alan H Feiveson, E Carl Greco, Jude L DePalma, Vito Starc, Bojan Vrtovec, M Atiar Rahman, Michael W Bungo, Matthew J Hayat, Terry Bauch, Reynolds Delgado, Stafford G Warren, Tulio Núñez-Medina, Rubén Medina, Diego Jugo…
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:28
  46. Face-to-face outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (OCR) programs are an important and effective component in the management of cardiovascular disease. However, these programs have low participation rates, especia...

    Authors: Corneel Vandelanotte, Trudy Dwyer, Anetta Van Itallie, Christine Hanley and W Kerry Mummery
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:27

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