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  1. The health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of hypertensives may be influenced by blood pressure, adverse effects of drugs used to treat hypertension, or other factors, such as the labelling effect, or beliefs ...

    Authors: Michael O Ogunlana, Babatunde Adedokun, Magbagbeola D Dairo and Nse A Odunaiya
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:25
  2. Patients with acute chest pain are often referred to the emergency ward and extensively investigated. Investigations are costly and could induce unnecessary complications, especially with invasive diagnostics....

    Authors: Hendrik M Willemsen, Gonda de Jong, René A Tio, Wybe Nieuwland, Ido P Kema, Iwan CC van der Horst, Mattijs Oudkerk and Felix Zijlstra
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:24
  3. Mass-migration observed in Peru from the 1970s occurred because of the need to escape from politically motivated violence and work related reasons. The majority of the migrant population, mostly Andean peasant...

    Authors: J Jaime Miranda, Robert H Gilman, Héctor H García and Liam Smeeth
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:23
  4. Mood disorder is recognised as an important and common problem after stroke but little is known about the longer term effects of mood on functional outcomes. This protocol paper describes the Stroke Outcomes S...

    Authors: Kate M Hill, Robert M West, Jenny Hewison and Allan O House
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:22
  5. Wrist blood pressure (BP) devices have physiological limits with regards to accuracy, therefore they were not preferred for home BP monitoring. However some wrist devices have been successfully validated using...

    Authors: Sakir Uen, Rolf Fimmers, Miriam Brieger, Georg Nickenig and Thomas Mengden
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:20
  6. High blood pressure (BP) is now an important public health problem in non-industrialised countries. The limited evidence suggests ethnic inequalities in BP in adults in some non-industrialised countries. Howev...

    Authors: Charles Agyemang, Eline Oudeman, Wilco Zijlmans, Johannes Wendte and Karien Stronks
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:19
  7. While the order for a clinical transthoracic examination is fairly standardized, there is considerable variability between laboratories and even among physicians in the same laboratory with regard to the order...

    Authors: Avinash A Kothavale, Susan B Yeon and Warren J Manning
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:18
  8. No comparisons have been made of scales estimating cardiovascular mortality and overall cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The study objectives were to assess the agreement between the Framingham-D'Agosti...

    Authors: Manuel A Gómez-Marcos, Carlos Martínez-Salgado, Carlos Martin-Cantera, José I Recio-Rodríguez, Yolanda Castaño-Sánchez, Maria Giné-Garriga, Emiliano Rodriguez-Sanchez and Luis García-Ortiz
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:17
  9. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a significant cause of health and economic burden. Secondary prevention programs play a pivotal role in the treatment and management of those affected by CHD although participat...

    Authors: Anna L Hawkes, John Atherton, C Barr Taylor, Paul Scuffham, Kathy Eadie, Nancy Houston Miller and Brian Oldenburg
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:16
  10. Hypoxemia is common in pulmonary hypertension (PH) and may be partly related to ventilation/perfusion mismatch, low diffusion capacity, low cardiac output, and/or right-to-left (RL) shunting.

    Authors: Jean-Frédéric Vodoz, Vincent Cottin, Jean-Charles Glérant, Geneviève Derumeaux, Chahéra Khouatra, Anne-Sophie Blanchet, Bénédicte Mastroïanni, Jean-Yves Bayle, Jean-François Mornex and Jean-François Cordier
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:15
  11. Self-reported health perceptions such as physical distress and quality of life are suggested independent predictors of mortality and morbidity in patients with established cardiovascular disease. This study ex...

    Authors: Gunnar Einvik, Øivind Ekeberg, Tor O Klemsdal, Leiv Sandvik and Elsa M Hjerkinn
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:14
  12. Pharmacological inhibition of endothelial arginase-II has been shown to improve endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) function and reduce atherogenesis in animal models. We investigated whether the endothel...

    Authors: Xiu-Fen Ming, Angana Gupta Rajapakse, João Miguel Carvas, Jean Ruffieux and Zhihong Yang
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:12
  13. Autonomic dysfunction appears to play a significant role in the development of atrial fibrillation (AF), and impaired heart rate recovery (HRR) during exercise treadmill testing (ETT) is a known marker for aut...

    Authors: Thomas M Maddox, Colleen Ross, P Michael Ho, David Magid and John S Rumsfeld
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:11
  14. We examined whether impaired renal function causes thickening of the aortic valve leaflets in hyperlipidemic apoE-knockout (apoE-/-) mice, and whether the putative effect on the aortic valves could be prevented b...

    Authors: Mikko A Simolin, Tanja X Pedersen, Susanne Bro, Mikko I Mäyränpää, Satu Helske, Lars B Nielsen and Petri T Kovanen
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:10
  15. Disease severity and functional impairment in patients with intermittent claudication is usually quantified by the measurement of pain-free walking distance (intermittent claudication distance, ICD) and maxima...

    Authors: Lotte M Kruidenier, Saskia PA Nicolaï, Edith M Willigendael, Rob A de Bie, Martin H Prins and Joep AW Teijink
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:9
  16. Moderate alcohol consumption is protective against coronary artery disease. Endothelial dysfunction contributes to atherosclerosis and the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. The effects of alcohol consump...

    Authors: Keiko Suzuki, Mitchell SV Elkind, Bernadette Boden-Albala, Zhezhen Jin, Grace Berry, Marco R Di Tullio, Ralph L Sacco and Shunichi Homma
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:8
  17. The association of elevated serum levels of secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) in patients with cardiovascular disease and their presence in atherosclerotic lesions suggest the participation of sPLA2 enzymes in t...

    Authors: Jose O Leite, Ushma Vaishnav, Michael Puglisi, Heather Fraser, Joaquim Trias and Maria Luz Fernandez
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:7
  18. Controlling blood pressure with drugs is a key aspect of cardiovascular disease prevention, but until recently has been the sole preserve of health professionals. Self-management of hypertension is an under re...

    Authors: Richard J McManus, Emma P Bray, Jonathan Mant, Roger Holder, Sheila Greenfield, Stirling Bryan, Miren I Jones, Paul Little, Bryan Williams and FD Richard Hobbs
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:6
  19. Studies have demonstrated that the use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) is effective for the primary prevention of arrhythmic events but due to imposing costs, there remains a need to identify...

    Authors: Charlotte J van der Avoort, Kristian B Filion, Nandini Dendukuri and James M Brophy
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:5
  20. The use of omega-3 fatty acids is a currently proven strategy for secondary prevention of heart disease. The prescription practices for this important nutraceutical is not currently known. It is imperative to ...

    Authors: Saqib A Gowani, Sana Shoukat, Ather M Taqui, Hashim M Hanif, Wasiq F Rawasia, Zeeshan Qadri and Sajid H Dhakam
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:4
  21. Case-control Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) have identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at the 9p21 locus as risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD). The locus does not contain a clea...

    Authors: Suet Nee Chen, Christie M Ballantyne, Antonio M Gotto Jr and Ali J Marian
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:3
  22. Heterogeneity in B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels, especially among individuals with acute heart failure with normal left ventricular ejection fraction (HFNEF), can cause confusion in interpreting resul...

    Authors: Ken Shimamoto, Natsuha Koike, Kiyoko Mizuochi, Miho Honma, Yufuko Kasai, Akiko Sakai, Etsuko Fujita and Masatoshi Kawana
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:2
  23. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme 2J2, an epoxygenase predominantly expressed in the heart, metabolises arachidonic acid to biologically active eicosanoids. One of the CYP2J2 products, 11, 12-epoxyeicosatrienoic ac...

    Authors: Jan Börgel, Daniel Bulut, Christoph Hanefeld, Horst Neubauer, Andreas Mügge, Jörg T Epplen, Tim Holland-Letz and Martin Spiecker
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:41
  24. The alpha1A-adrenergic receptor (α1A-AR) regulates the cardiac and peripheral vascular system through sympathetic activation. Due to its important role in the regulation of vascular tone and blood pressure, we ai...

    Authors: Silvia R Freitas, Alexandre C Pereira, Marcilene S Floriano, José G Mill and José E Krieger
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:40
  25. Enhanced external counter pulsation (EECP) is a non-invasive treatment option for patients with refractory angina pectoris ineligible to further traditional treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the...

    Authors: André Erdling, Susanne Bondesson, Thomas Pettersson and Lars Edvinsson
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:39
  26. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) measured by electron-beam computed tomography (EBCT) has been well studied in the prediction of coronary artery disease (CAD). We sought to evaluate the impact of the CAC sc...

    Authors: Lieuwe H Piers, Farah Salachova, Riemer HJA Slart, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart, Riksta Dikkers, Frederique AP Hospers, Hjalmar R Bouma, Clark J Zeebregts, Tineke P Willems, Matthijs Oudkerk, Felix Zijlstra and René A Tio
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:38
  27. The Gly482Ser polymorphism in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1 alpha (PPARGC1A) has been demonstrated to be associated with diabetes, obesity and hypertension, all of which are impor...

    Authors: Erik Ingelsson, Louise Bennet, Martin Ridderstråle, Marianne Söderström, Lennart Råstam and Ulf Lindblad
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:37
  28. Endothelial dysfunction plays a central role in atherosclerotic progression and cardiovascular complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Given the role of nitric oxide in the vascular system, we aimed ...

    Authors: Jacob Odeberg, Charlotte A Larsson, Lennart Råstam and Ulf Lindblad
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:36
  29. Anoxic coma following cardiac arrest is a common problem with ethical, social, and legal consequences. Except for unfavorable somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEP) results, predictors of unfavorable outcome w...

    Authors: Cédric Daubin, Damien Guillotin, Olivier Etard, Cathy Gaillard, Damien du Cheyron, Michel Ramakers, Bruno Bouchet, Jean-Jacques Parienti and Pierre Charbonneau
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:35
  30. Few studies have addressed whether the combined use of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) improves risk stratification for mortality and cardiovascular events in a p...

    Authors: Trygve Brügger-Andersen, Volker Pönitz, Harry Staines, David Pritchard, Heidi Grundt and Dennis WT Nilsen
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:34
  31. Most studies documenting beneficial outcomes after carotid endarterectomy (CE) are limited to mortality and morbidity rates, costs, and length of hospital stay (LOS). Few have examined the dependency of patien...

    Authors: Fernando José Abelha, Susana Quevedo and Henrique Barros
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:33
  32. Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is responsible for 1–2% of all male deaths over the age of 65 years. Early detection of AAA and elective surgery can reduce the mortality risk associated with AAA. Howe...

    Authors: Lars Ehlers, Jan Sørensen, Lotte Groth Jensen, Merete Bech and Mette Kjølby
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:32
  33. Cardiac pacing is a recognized and widely used treatment for patients presenting with bradycardia. Physicians expect patients to return to normal activities almost immediately post implantation. However, patie...

    Authors: Masooma Aqeel, Azam Shafquat and Nawal Salahuddin
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:31
  34. The reduction of blood pressure alone does not eliminate the increased risk of arterial hypertension. Whilst concomitant metabolic risk factors have been shown to be responsible, the available pharmacotherapy ...

    Authors: Peter Bramlage, Eleonore Schönrock and Peter Odoj
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:30
  35. The Paracetamol (Acetaminophen) In Stroke (PAIS) study is a phase III multicenter, double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial of high-dose acetaminophen in patients with acute stroke. The tria...

    Authors: Heleen M den Hertog, H Bart van der Worp, H Maarten A van Gemert, Ale Algra, L Jaap Kappelle, Jan van Gijn, Peter J Koudstaal and Diederik WJ Dippel
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:29

    The original article was published in BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2005 5:24

  36. The objective was to explore the relationship between left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) assessed during hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction (MI) and later health-related quality of life (HR...

    Authors: Kjell I Pettersen, Elena Kvan, Arnfinn Rollag, Knut Stavem and Aasmund Reikvam
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:28
  37. To establish an efficient prophylaxis of coronary artery disease reliable risk stratification is crucial, especially in the high risk population of patients suffering from diabetes mellitus. This prospective s...

    Authors: Alexander Becker, Alexander W Leber, Christoph Becker, Franz von Ziegler, Janine Tittus, Ines Schroeder, Gerhard Steinbeck and Andreas Knez
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:27
  38. The ankle brachial index (ABI) is a well-established tool for screening and diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). In this study we assessed the validity of ABI determination using a pocket Doppler de...

    Authors: Saskia PA Nicolaï, Lotte M Kruidenier, Ellen V Rouwet, Liliane Wetzels-Gulpers, Constantijn AM Rozeman, Martin H Prins and Joep AW Teijink
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:26
  39. Although morbidity and mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD) are high, only a minority of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) survivors accesses an effective secondary prevention program. We aim to determine w...

    Authors: Lis Neubeck, Julie Redfern, Tom Briffa, Adrian Bauman, David Hare and SB Freedman
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:25
  40. Experimental and epidemiological evidence suggests that homocysteine (tHcy) may be a causal risk factor for atherosclerosis. B-vitamin supplements reduce tHcy and improve endothelial function in short term tri...

    Authors: Kathleen Potter, Graeme J Hankey, Daniel J Green, John Eikelboom, Konrad Jamrozik and Leonard F Arnolda
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:24
  41. The adverse effects of tobacco abuse on cardiovascular outcomes are well-known. However, the impact of passive smoke exposure on angina status and therapeutic response is less well-established. We examined the...

    Authors: Stilianos Efstratiadis, Elizabeth D Kennard, Sheryl F Kelsey and Andrew D Michaels
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:23
  42. Many patients suffering acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are transferred from one hospital to another during their hospitalization. There is little information about the outcomes related to interhospital tran...

    Authors: John M Westfall, Catarina I Kiefe, Norman W Weissman, Anthony Goudie, Robert M Centor, O Dale Williams and Jeroan J Allison
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:22
  43. Up-regulation of vascular endothelin type B (ETB) receptors is implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Culture of intact arteries has been shown to induce similar receptor alterations and has th...

    Authors: David Nilsson, Lotta Gustafsson, Angelica Wackenfors, Bodil Gesslein, Lars Edvinsson, Per Paulsson, Richard Ingemansson and Malin Malmsjö
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:21
  44. Recent studies have documented an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in persons with systolic blood pressures of 120–139 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressures of 80–89 mmHg, classified as prehypert...

    Authors: Trevor S Ferguson, Novie OM Younger, Marshall K Tulloch-Reid, Marilyn B Lawrence Wright, Elizabeth M Ward, Deanna E Ashley and Rainford J Wilks
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:20
  45. Ultrasound (US) has been used to enhance thrombolytic therapy in the treatment of stroke. Considerable attenuation of US intensity is however noted if US is applied over the temporal bone. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Bjarne Madsen Härdig, Jonas Carlson and Anders Roijer
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:19
  46. The ten year probability of cardiovascular events can be calculated, but many people are unaware of their risk and unclear how to reduce it. The aim of this study was to assess whether a community based interv...

    Authors: Gill Richardson, Hugo C van Woerden, Lucy Morgan, Rhiannon Edwards, Monica Harries, Elaine Hancock, Susan Sroczynsk and Mererid Bowley
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:18
  47. The registration of non-fatal and fatal MI events initiated 1985 in the WHO MONICA project has been ongoing in northern Sweden since the end of the WHO project in 1995. The purpose of the present study was to ...

    Authors: Dan Lundblad, Lars Holmgren, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Ulf Näslund and Mats Eliasson
    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2008 8:17

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