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  1. The cause-and-effect relationship of QTc prolongation in Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients has not been studied well.

    Authors: Khalid Changal, David Paternite, Sean Mack, Spiro Veria, Rehana Bashir, Mitra Patel, Ronak Soni, Muhammad Ali, Tanveer Mir, Mujeeb Sheikh and P. Kasi Ramanathan

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:158

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Acute hyperglycemia has been recognized as a robust predictor for occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in nondiabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), however, its discriminatory ability for...

    Authors: Side Gao, Qingbo Liu, Hui Chen, Mengyue Yu and Hongwei Li

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:157

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The study evaluated the cost of baroreflex activation therapy plus guideline directed therapy (BAT + GDT) compared to GDT alone for HF patients with reduced ejection fraction and New York Heart Association Cla...

    Authors: John Bisognano, John E. Schneider, Shawn Davies, Robert L. Ohsfeldt, Elizabeth Galle, Ivana Stojanovic, Thomas F. Deering, JoAnn Lindenfeld and Michael R. Zile

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:155

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Appropriate use criteria (AUC) have been developed in response to growth in cardiac imaging utilization and concern regarding associated costs. Cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) has emerged as an ...

    Authors: Michael Hammer, Muhtashim Mian, Levi Elhadad, Mary Li and Idan Roifman

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:154

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Cardiac myxomas (CMs) and thrombi are associated with high morbidity and mortality. These two conditions need totally different treatments. However, they are difficult to distinguish using naked eye. In clinic...

    Authors: Wen-lei Qian, Yu Jiang, Xi Liu, Ying-kun Guo, Yuan Li, Xin Tang and Zhi-gang Yang

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:152

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Atherosclerosis (AS) is a leading cause of vascular disease worldwide. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an essential role in the development of AS. However, the miRNAs-based biomarkers for the diagnosis of AS are still...

    Authors: Xiujiang Han, Huimin Wang, Yongjian Li, Lina Liu and Sheng Gao

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:150

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Dyslipidaemia refers to lipid abnormalities consisting of either one or any combination of the following: elevated total cholesterol (TC), elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), elevated triglyc...

    Authors: Mohamed-Syarif Mohamed-Yassin, Noorhida Baharudin, Aqil Mohammad Daher, Najmin Abu Bakar, Anis Safura Ramli, Suraya Abdul-Razak, Nor-Ashikin Mohamed Noor Khan, Mariam Mohamad and Khalid Yusoff

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:149

    Content type: Research article

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  8. In China, there has been a precipitous increase in the number of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) conducted. We sought to characterize the clinical and psychosocial trajectory of PCI patients from the...

    Authors: Xia Liu, Adeleke Fowokan, Sherry L. Grace, Biao Ding, Shu Meng, Xiu Chen, Yinghua Xia and Yaqing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:148

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The recreational drugs cannabis and nitrous oxide (N2O) are known for pro-atherogenic effects and are associated with an elevated risk of myocardial infarction. These cardiovascular effects might be underestimate...

    Authors: Sarah Bär, Fabien Praz and Lorenz Räber

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:147

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) underwent a high risk of hospitalization, which has not been paid much attention to in practice. Therefore, we aimed to assess the incidence, causes and predictors of hos...

    Authors: Zhaojie Dong, Xin Du, Shangxin Lu, Chao Jiang, Shijun Xia, Liu He, Xin Su, Zhaoxu Jia, Deyong Long, Caihua Sang, Ribo Tang, Nian Liu, Rong Bai, Ronghui Yu, Jianzeng Dong and Changsheng Ma

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:146

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Inconsistent results were found in the association between serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and hypertension among population-based studies. This study evaluated the association between ALT and hypertensio...

    Authors: Jiajing Jia, Ying Yang, Fangchao Liu, Minjin Zhang, Qin Xu, Tonglei Guo, Long Wang, Zuoqi Peng, Yuan He, Yuanyuan Wang, Ya Zhang, Hongguang Zhang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Donghai Yan, Xu Ma…

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:145

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The PEGASUS-TIMI 54 trial inclusion criteria effectively identified high-risk patients with recent myocardial infarction (MI) who would benefit from continuing dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with ticagrelor ...

    Authors: Federico Sanchez, Valentina Boasi, Matteo Vercellino, Chiara Tacchi, Pierpaolo Cannarile, Nicoletta Pingelli, Dino Perri, Laura Gomez, Stefano Cattunar and Giovanni Mascelli

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:144

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Pericardial tamponade is a serious condition which may eventually lead to severe haemodynamic disturbances and cardiac arrest. It is most often caused by the accumulation of fluid inside the pericardium, as a ...

    Authors: Miklós Pólos, Dominika Domokos, Cristina-Maria Şulea, Kálmán Benke, Gergely Csikós, Andrea Nagy, Réka Skoda, András Szabó, Eperke Merkel, István Hartyánszky, Zoltán Szabolcs, Béla Merkely and Dávid Becker

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:143

    Content type: Case report

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  14. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the disappearance of ischemic post-processing (IPO) in the myocardium of diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with the increase of succinate dehydrogenas...

    Authors: Mengyuan Deng, Wei Chen, Haiying Wang, Yan Wang, Wenjing Zhou and Tian Yu

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:142

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The predictive importance of visit-to-visit blood pressure variability (VVV) for high blood pressure (HBP) in a pediatric population has been largely unsettled. We aimed to evaluate it based on Health Promotio...

    Authors: Jiaxiang Wang, Hui Shen, Jieyu Liu, Chengqi Xiao, Cailong Chen, Haoyue Teng, Jia Hu and Jieyun Yin

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:141

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Sudden cardiac deaths are twice more frequent in diabetic patients with cardiac autonomic neuropathy. Sudden cardiac death etiologies remain unclear and no recommendations are made to identify factors associat...

    Authors: Louis Schubert, Suzanne Laroche, Agnès Hartemann, Olivier Bourron and Franck Phan

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:140

    Content type: Case report

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  17. The ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) is an indirect measure of arterial stiffness obtained during ambulatory blood pressuring monitoring (ABPM). Its relationship to nocturnal blood pressure dipping s...

    Authors: Christopher J. Boos, Lin-Thiri Toon and Halah Almahdi

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:139

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Nationwide hospital admissions data series have contributed to a reliable assessment of the changing epidemiology of infective endocarditis, even though conclusions are not uniform. We sought to use a recent p...

    Authors: Catarina Sousa, Paulo Nogueira and Fausto J. Pinto

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:138

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Supraventricular tachycardias (SVTs) are common in the first year of life and may be life-threatening. Acute cardioversion is usually effective, with both pharmacological and non-pharmacological procedures. Ho...

    Authors: Guglielmo Capponi, Gilda Belli, Mattia Giovannini, Giulia Remaschi, Alice Brambilla, Francesca Vannuccini, Silvia Favilli, Giulio Porcedda and Luciano De Simone

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:137

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Abiraterone is a medication frequently used for metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer. We report a case of non-sustained episodes of TdP associated with severe hypokalemia due to androgen-deprivation t...

    Authors: Ximena Morales, Diego Garnica, Daniel Isaza, Nicolas Isaza and Felipe Durán-Torres

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:136

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Despite tremendous investment worldwide, hypertension treatment and control rates remain low. The complexity and long-term dynamics of influencing factors make personalized management inevitable and challengin...

    Authors: Xingrong Shen, Siyi Xiao, Rong Liu, Guixian Tong, Tongzhu Liu and Debin Wang

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:135

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Frequent supraventricular arrhythmia is associated with increased incidence of atrial fibrillation. However, it is unknown whether the prognostic significance of supraventricular arrhythmia is modified by plas...

    Authors: Jun Xiao, Anders P. Persson, Gunnar Engström and Linda S. B. Johnson

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:134

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Kounis syndrome is an acute coronary syndrome that appears in the setting of anaphylactic reaction or hypersensitivity. Many drugs and environmental exposures have been identified as potential offenders, and d...

    Authors: Hui-zhu Liang, Hong Zhao, Jian Gao, Cheng-fu Cao and Wei-min Wang

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:133

    Content type: Case report

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  24. The development of atrial fibrillation (AF) following valvular heart disease (VHD) remains a common disease and is associated with substantial adverse complications. However, valid molecular diagnostic and the...

    Authors: Ao Liu, Kangni Jia, Huaibin Liang and Qi Jin

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:132

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In healthy, young adults we analyzed a panel of cardiovascular disease related proteins in plasma and compared them with the vascular health of the subjects. The aim was to identify proteins with a relationshi...

    Authors: Paul Pettersson-Pablo, Torbjörn K. Nilsson, Lars H. Breimer and Anita Hurtig-Wennlöf

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:131

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The research into the recurrence of cough variant asthma (CVA) in congenital heart disease (CHD) are few in number. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of CHD on the risk of the recurrence o...

    Authors: B. W. Feng, C. Y. He, X. Q. Liu, Y. S. Chen and S. R. He

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:130

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Annual influenza vaccination is an important public health measure to prevent influenza infections and is strongly recommended for cardiovascular disease (CVD) patients, especially in the current coronavirus d...

    Authors: Moojung Kim, Young Jae Kim, Sung Jin Park, Kwang Gi Kim, Pyung Chun Oh, Young Saing Kim and Eun Young Kim

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:129

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Liver and renal function evaluated by the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score, the MELD excluding the international normalized ratio (MELD_XI) score and the MELD including sodium (MELD_sodium) score...

    Authors: Shengen Liao, Xinyi Lu, Iokfai Cheang, Xu Zhu, Ting Yin, Wenming Yao, Haifeng Zhang and Xinli Li

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:128

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Genetic testing in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a published guideline-based recommendation. The diagnostic yield of genetic testing and corresponding HCM-associated genes have been largely documented b...

    Authors: Julie Hathaway, Krista Heliö, Inka Saarinen, Jonna Tallila, Eija H. Seppälä, Sari Tuupanen, Hannu Turpeinen, Tiia Kangas-Kontio, Jennifer Schleit, Johanna Tommiska, Ville Kytölä, Miko Valori, Mikko Muona, Johanna Sistonen, Massimiliano Gentile, Pertteli Salmenperä…

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:126

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Right ventricular dysfunction after CABG is associated with poor peri- and postoperative outcomes. We aimed to identify clinical and experimental predictors for preoperative inapparent right ventricular dysfun...

    Authors: C. Bening, V. L. Sales, K. Alhussini, D. Radakovic, R. Cris Benitez, N. Madrahimov, D. Keller and R. Leyh

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:125

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Thyroid storm (TS) is a rare but potentially life-threatening sequelae of untreated or undertreated hyperthyroidism. While TS frequently causes high-output heart failure, low-output heart failure related to di...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Satoshi Monno, Keiko Ohta-Ogo, Hatsue Ishibashi-Ueda and Toru Hashimoto

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:124

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Hypertension control in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is the worst (less than one out of ten) when compared to the rest of the world. Therefore, this scoping review was conducted to identify and describe the possib...

    Authors: Mende Mensa Sorato, Majid Davari, Abbas Kebriaeezadeh, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Tamiru Shibru and Behzad Fatemi

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:123

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Whether very elderly women with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) should receive aggressive percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is still controversial. We assessed the effectiveness and long-term clinical ou...

    Authors: Jia-li Wang, Chun-yan Guo, Hui Chen, Hong-wei Li, Xue-qiao Zhao and Shu-mei Zhao

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:122

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI) is defined as tissue injury in the pathological process of progressive aggravation in ischemic myocardium after the occurrence of acute coronary artery occlusion. ...

    Authors: Yong Li, Hongbo Zhang, Zhanhu Li, Xiaoju Yan, Yuan Li and Shuai Liu

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:121

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Organ malperfusion is a lethal complication in acute type B aortic dissection (ATBAD). The aim of present study is to develop a nomogram integrated with metabolic acidosis to predict in-hospital mortality and ...

    Authors: Jitao Liu, Weijie Liu, Wentao Ma, Lyufan Chen, Hong Liang, Ruixin Fan, Hongke Zeng, Qingshan Geng, Fan Yang and Jianfang Luo

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:120

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The BMI index cannot always be used in people with intellectual disabilities due to neuromuscular coordination disorders and psychological barriers that may hinder conventional body weight measurement. The stu...

    Authors: Anna Zwierzchowska, Diana Celebańska, Barbara Rosołek, Krystyna Gawlik and Aleksandra Żebrowska

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:119

    Content type: Research article

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  37. In spite of disrupted repolarization of diabetic heart, some studies report less tendency of diabetic heart to develop ventricular arrhythmias suggesting effective compensatory mechanism. We hypothesized that ...

    Authors: Katarina Hadova, Eva Kralova, Gabriel Doka, Lenka Bies Pivackova, Zuzana Kmecova, Peter Krenek and Jan Klimas

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:118

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD) and atrial fibrillation (AF) are common in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics and antithrombotic treatment patterns of pat...

    Authors: Arjbordin Winijkul, Pontawee Kaewkumdee, Ahthit Yindeengam and Rungroj Krittayaphong

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:117

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Chagas disease is a pathogenic parasitic infection with approximately 8 million cases worldwide and greater than 300,000 cases in the United States (U.S.). Chagas disease can lead to chronic cardiomyopathy and...

    Authors: Sanchi Malhotra, Imran Masood, Noberto Giglio, Jay D. Pruetz and Pia S. Pannaraj

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:116

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The serum hemoglobin (Hb) level is closely related to adverse clinical outcomes. However, data on the association of Hb levels with subclinical atherosclerosis beyond metabolic abnormalities are limited.

    Authors: Yunsuk Choi, Ki-Bum Won, Hyeon Hui Kang and Hyuk-Jae Change

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:35

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a relatively rare systemic necrotizing vasculitis that typically affects medium-sized arteries. Although myocardial ischemia may occur due to involvement of the coronary arteries,...

    Authors: Hong Huang, Yanjun Gong, Li Guo and Zhuoli Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:115

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Prolonged immobilization after transfemoral coronary angiography (TFA) may cause pain and vascular complications in patients. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a change in position to decrease ...

    Authors: Hojjat Niknam Sarabi, Zahra Farsi, Samantha Butler and Amir Hosein Pishgooie

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:114

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Obtaining vascular access can be challenging during resuscitation following cardiac arrest, and it is particularly difficult and time-consuming in paediatric patients. We aimed to compare the efficacy of high-...

    Authors: Daesung Lim, Soo Hoon Lee, Dong Hoon Kim, Changwoo Kang, Jin Hee Jeong and Sang Bong Lee

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:113

    Content type: Research article

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  44. HB pacing is a promising approach to achieve physiological pacing, but its efficacy and long-term effects require further validation. In current study, we deemed to investigate the effect of the His bundle pac...

    Authors: Oushan Tang, Haoliang Zhou, Caidi Yuan, Yinhong Cheng and Jin Lv

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:112

    Content type: Research article

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  45. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Maria Sakalaki, Per-Olof Hansson, Annika Rosengren, Erik Thunström, Aldina Pivodic and Michael Fu

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:111

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:65

  46. Left atrial (LA) volume (LAV) is one of the recommended key variables for evaluating left ventricular (LV) diastolic function. However, only LA anteroposterior diameter (LAAP) is available in numerous large-sc...

    Authors: Yonghuai Wang, Liang Zhang, Shuang Liu, Guangyuan Li, Fanxin Kong, Cuiting Zhao, Jun Yang and Chunyan Ma

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:110

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Observational studies suggest that early menopause is associated with increased risk of death and cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, the results of these studies have been inconsistently. We aimed to asses...

    Authors: Yan Li, Dong Zhao, Miao Wang, Jia-yi Sun, Jun Liu, Yue Qi, Yong-chen Hao, Qiu-ju Deng, Jue Liu, Jing Liu and Min Liu

    Citation: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2021 21:109

    Content type: Research article

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