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Table 4 Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis using NCEP-ATPIII criteria at UGCSH, June 2017

From: Metabolic syndrome among type 2 diabetic patients in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variable Mets COR 95%CI P-value AOR 95%CI P-value
Yes No
Sex Male 61 (33.9%) 52 (68.4%) 1.00   
Female 119 (66.1%) 24 (31.6%) 0.23 (0.1,0.4) 0.00 0.2 (0.1,0.5) < 0.00*
Age < 30 14 (7.8%) 13 (17.1%) 1.00   
31–40 9 (5%) 6 (7.9%) 0.2 (0.1,0.6) 0.04 3.8 (1.4,10.9) < 0.01*
41–50 37 (20.6%) 19 (25.0%) 0.3 (0.1,1.1) 0.08 4.5 (1.2,16.4) < 0.02*
51–64 66 (36.7%) 26 (34.2%) 0.4 (0.2,0.1) 0.05 2.4 (1.0,5.8) < 0.04*
> 65 54 (30.0%) 12 (15.8%) 0.5 (0.3,1.22) 0.14 1.9 (0.9,4.4) 0.1
Residency Urban 152 (84.4%) 55 (72.4%) 0.5 (0.3,0.9) 0.02 2.8 (1.4,5.6) < 0.004*
Rural 28 (15.6%) 21 (27.6%) 1.00
Educational status Unable to read and write 59 (32.8%) 17 (22.4%) 0.4 (0.2,0.8) 0.008 1.2 (0.6,2.5) 0.6
Primary school 67 (37.2%) 20 (26.3%) 1.00   
Secondary school & above 54 (30,0%) 39 (51.3%) 0.1 (0.5,2.0) 0.92 3.2 (1.6,6.7) < 0.001*
Marital status Single 10 (5.6%) 8 (10.5%) 0.00 (0.0,-) 0.9   
Married 151 (83.9%) 68 (89.5%) 1.0 (0.0,-) 1.0
Divorced 7 (3.9%) 0 (0.0%) 1.00
Widowed 12 (6.7%) 0. (0.0%) 0.00 (0.0,-) 0.9
Occupation Government 49 (27.2%) 29 (38.2%) 1.00  
Unemployed 104 (57.8%) 27 (35.5%) 0.4 (0.2–0.7) 0.00 2.4 (0.1,5.8) 0.05*
Self employed 27 (15.0%) 20 (26.3%) 0.4 (0.2–08) 0.05 2.7 (1.1–6.5) 0.03*
Monthly income (ETB) <  600 90 (50.0%) 26 (34.2%) 0.5 (0.3–1.0) 0.06 1.0 (0.4,2.6) 0.9
601–1500 44 (24.4%) 24 (31.6%) 1.00 1.2 (0.6,2.6) 0.6
> 1501 birr 46 (25.6%) 26 (34.2%) 0.5 (0.3–0.8) 0.04
Types of Oil used Palm oil 149 (82.8%) 61 (80.3%) 0.8 (0.4–1.7) 0.63   
Cereal oil 31 (17.2%) 15 (19.7%) 1.00
Work involving vigorous intensity of activity Yes 78 (43.3%) 42 (55.3%) 1.00   
No 102 (56.7%) 34 (44.7%) 0.6 (0.4–1.1) 0.08
Regular physical exercise Yes 57 (31.7%) 26 (34.2%) 1.00   
No 123 (68.3%) 50 (65.8%) 0.9 (0.5–1.6) 0.7
Family history of chronic disease Yes 68 (37.8%) 21 (27.6%) 0.6 (0.3–1.1) 0.12   
No 112 (62.2%) 55 (72.4%) 1.00  
Duration since Diabetic mellitus Diagnosed <  1 Years 11 (6.1%) 11 (14.5%) 1.00 2.7 (1.1,7.1) 0.04*
1–5 Years 99 (55.0%) 37 (48.7%) 0.9 (0.5–1.6) 0.81
>  6 Years 70 (38.9%) 28 (36.8%) 0.4 (0.1–1.6) 0.03 1.1 (0.6,1.9) 0.8
Duration since anti Diabetic started < 1 Year 13 (7.2%) 11 (14.5%) 1.00   
1-5 Year 97 (53.9%) 38 (50.0%) 1.0 (0.6–1.8) 0.95
> 6 Years 70 (38.9%) 27 (35.5%) 0.5 (0.2–1.1) 0.09
Total number of medications 1 76 (42.2%) 37 (48.7%) 1.00   
2 70 (38.9%) 22 (28.9%) 0.5 (0.1–2.5) 0.4
3 26 (14.4%) 15 (19.7%) 0.8 (0.2–4.0) 0.8
4 8 (4.4%) 2 (2.6%) 0.4 (0.8–2.3) 0.3
  1. *P < 0.05