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BMC Cardiovascular Disorders

Open Access

Retraction Note: Cardioprotective activity of placental growth factor in a rat model of acute myocardial infarction: nanoparticle-based delivery versus direct myocardial injection

  • Zhe-xin Lu1,
  • Li-li Mao1,
  • Feng Lian1Email author,
  • Jun He1,
  • Wen-tian Zhang1,
  • Chen-yang Dai1,
  • Song Xue1,
  • Wei-gen Lu1 and
  • Hong-sheng Zhu1
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders201515:27

Received: 23 February 2015

Accepted: 23 February 2015

Published: 26 March 2015

The original article was published in BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2014 14:53


The Publisher and Editor regretfully retract this article [1] because the peer-review process was inappropriately influenced and compromised. As a result, the scientific integrity of the article cannot be guaranteed. A systematic and detailed investigation suggests that a third party was involved in supplying fabricated details of potential peer reviewers for a large number of manuscripts submitted to different journals. In accordance with recommendations from COPE we have retracted all affected published articles, including this one. It was not possible to determine beyond doubt that the authors of this particular article were aware of any third party attempts to manipulate peer review of their manuscript.


Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China


  1. Lu ZX, Mao LL, Lian F, He J, Zhang WT, Dai CY, et al. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2014;14:53.View ArticlePubMedPubMed CentralGoogle Scholar


© Lian; licensee BioMed Central. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.