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Table 3 Age-adjusted mean heart rate variability and heart rate by categories of health behavior in the male CARLA study population

From: Association of health behaviour with heart rate variability: a population-based study

   

Heart rate

SDNN

LF/HF

HF

LF

Risk factor

 

N

Mean (95%CI)

Mean (95%CI)

Mean (95%CI)

Mean (95%CI)

Mean (95%CI)

Sports-index

Q1

243

72.6

(71.1-74.1)

25.8

(24.2-27.6)

 

1.6

(1.4-1.8)

 

102.8

(87.1-121.2)

162.8

(140.7-188.3)

 
 

Q2

255

72.0

(70.5-73.5)

 

24.5

(23.0-26.1)

 

1.6

(1.4-1.8)

 

100.2

(85.3-117.8)

158.5

(137.5-182.8)

 
 

Q3

177

71.9

(70.1-73.7)

 

27.6

(25.6-29.8)

 

1.6

(1.4-1.8)

 

119.5

(98.4-145.1)

193.1

(162.7-229.1)

 
 

Q4

215

69.3

(67.7-70.9)

 

27.2

(25.4-29.2)

 

1.6

(1.4-1.8)

 

121.3

(101.7-144.6)

198.0

(169.5-231.2)

 

Leisure time-index

Q1

181

71.5

(69.8-73.3)

 

25.6

(23.8-27.7)

 

1.5

(1.3-1.7)

 

113.6

(93.7-137.6)

166.1

(140.2-196.7)

 
 

Q2

234

73.1

(71.6-74.7)

 

26.0

(24.3-27.8)

 

1.7

(1.5-1.9)

 

104.2

(88.0-123.4)

173.1

(149.1-200.9)

 
 

Q3

269

70.1

(68.6-71.5)

 

26.1

(24.5-27.8)

 

1.5

(1.4-1.7)

 

111.6

(95.4-130.6)

172.8

(150.4-198.6)

 
 

Q4

208

71.3

(69.7-72.9)

 

26.6

(24.8-28.6)

 

1.7

(1.5-1.9)

 

108.8

(91.0-130.2)

188.1

(160.6-220.4)

 

Total activity-index

Q1

182

73.6

(71.8-75.3)

24.9

(23.1-26.8)

 

1.5

(1.3-1.7)

 

102.4

(84.6-124.0)

155.2

(131.1-183.6)

 
 

Q2

236

71.9

(70.4-73.5)

 

25.1

(23.5-26.8)

 

1.6

(1.5-1.8)

 

98.7

(83.5-116.8)

160.6

(138.5-186.3)

 
 

Q3

274

71.0

(69.5-72.4)

 

27.3

(25.7-29.0)

 

1.6

(1.4-1.7)

 

120.5

(103.2-140.9)

188.5

(164.4-216.3)

 
 

Q4

198

69.7

(68.0-71.3)

 

27.0

(25.1-29.0)

 

1.7

(1.5-1.9)

 

115.0

(95.8-138.2)

196.3

(167.0-230.8)

 

No. of currently smoked tobacco products/day

none

677

70.5

(69.6-71.4)

26.3

(25.3-27.3)

 

1.6

(1.5-1.8)

108.8

(98.4-120.3)

178.7

(163.6-195.3)

 
 

T1

77

73.3

(70.6-76.0)

 

25.9

(23.1-29.1)

 

1.8

(1.5-2.1)

 

100.0

(74.5-134.2)

177.0

(136.5-229.5)

 
 

T2

89

73.9

(71.3-76.4)

 

24.9

(22.3-27.8)

 

1.5

(1.2-1.8)

 

106.7

(80.6-141.2)

161.2

(125.8-206.4)

 
 

T3

49

77.8

(74.3-81.2)

 

26.5

(22.8-30.8)

 

1.0

(0.8-1.3)

 

140.9

(96.6-205.5)

148.0

(106.1-206.6)

 

Packyears of smoking

none

191

70.0

(68.3-71.7)

29.2

(27.1-31.4)

1.7

(1.5-2.0)

134.3

(111.5-161.7)

232.6

(197.6-274.0)

 

T1

237

70.9

(69.3-72.4)

 

26.0

(24.3-27.8)

 

1.7

(1.5-1.9)

 

104.5

(88.4-123.5)

176.2

(152.1-204.1)

 
 

T2

229

70.8

(69.3-72.4)

 

24.7

(23.1-26.4)

 

1.7

(1.5-1.9)

 

91.5

(77.2-108.5)

158.5

(136.5-184.0)

 
 

T3

233

73.8

(72.3-75.3)

 

25.3

(23.7-27.0)

 

1.3

(1.2-1.5)

 

115.9

(97.9-137.2)

152.7

(131.7-177.1)

 

Alcohol (g/d)

none

190

71.4

(69.7-73.1)

 

25.7

(23.9-27.6)

 

1.4

(1.3-1.6)

 

109.9

(91.2-132.5)

159.1

(135.0-187.6)

 
 

T1

237

71.5

(70.0-73.1)

 

25.6

(23.9-27.3)

 

1.7

(1.5-1.9)

 

101.0

(85.4-119.5)

170.6

(147.2-197.9

 
 

T2

226

69.9

(68.3-71.5)

 

27.7

(25.9-29.6)

 

1.6

(1.4-1.8)

 

129.6

(109.2-153.8)

204.7

(176.0-238.0)

 
 

T3

237

72.7

(71.2-74.3)

 

25.6

(24.0-27.4)

 

1.7

(1.5-1.9)

 

101.0

(85.3-119.5)

168.6

(145.3-195.7)

 

Dietary pattern index

Q1

252

72.2

(70.7-73.8)

 

25.1

(23.5-26.8)

 

1.5

(1.4-1.7)

 

105.6

(89.4-124.7)

164.0

(141.6-189.9)

 
 

Q2

215

71.6

(69.9-73.2)

 

27.6

(25.8-29.6)

 

1.7

(1.6-2.0)

 

116.4

(97.6-138.8)

204.2

(174.8-238.4)

 
 

Q3

194

72.1

(70.4-73.8)

 

25.6

(23.8-27.5)

 

1.7

(1.5-1.9)

 

100.1

(83.1-120.5)

169.9

(144.2-200.1)

 
 

Q4

230

70.0

(68.4-71.5)

 

26.3

(24.6-28.2)

 

1.4

(1.3-1.6)

 

115.1

(96.9-136.8)

166.5

(143.0-193.9)

 
  1. Q1 = lowest quartile of health behavior, Q4 = highest quartile of health behavior; T1 = lowest tertile of health behavior (excluding non-consumer), T3 = highest tertile of health behavior (excluding non-consumer); † p < 0.01, ‡ p < 0.001 (F-test for difference between respective categories of health behavior)