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Table 3 Hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals of atrial fibrillation (AF) for categories of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) by sex, race, and baseline risk of AF

From: Association of physical activity with the incidence of atrial fibrillation in persons > 65 years old: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study

  No MVPA Low MVPA Recommended MVPA High MVPA P for interaction
HR (95% CI)
Sex
 Female 1 (ref.) 0.76 (0.57, 1.01) 0.89 (0.67, 1.17) 0.89 (0.64, 1.23) 0.82
 Male 1 (ref.) 0.76 (0.53, 1.08) 0.83 (0.60, 1.14) 1.03 (0.76, 1.40)  
Race
 Black 1 (ref.) 0.57 (0.32, 1.04) 0.70 (0.39, 1.27) 0.48 (0.17, 1.38) 0.49
 White 1 (ref.) 0.80 (0.63, 1.02) 0.89 (0.71, 1.11) 1.02 (0.81, 1.28)  
Baseline AF risk
  < 10% 1 (ref.) 0.80 (0.56, 1.15) 0.86 (0.62, 1.20) 0.78 (0.54, 1.15) 0.20
  ≥ 10% 1 (ref.) 0.74 (0.56, 0.99) 0.83 (0.63, 1.09) 1.06 (0.82, 1.38)  
  1. Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study, 2011–2019
  2. Cox regression models adjusted for age, sex and race/center (if applicable), education, alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking, diabetes, hypertension, prevalent coronary heart disease, prevalent heart failure, body mass index, and Short Physical Performance Battery score