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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study participants by levels of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA)

From: Association of physical activity with the incidence of atrial fibrillation in persons > 65 years old: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study

  No MVPA Low MVPA Recommended MVPA High MVPA
N 1716 961 1289 1200
Age, years 76 (5) 75 (5) 75 (5) 75 (5)
Female sex 1149 (67) 617 (64) 754 (58) 540 (45)
Black race 527 (31) 255 (27) 275 (21) 97 (8)
High education (At least some college) 559 (33) 397 (41) 643 (50) 722 (60)
Current alcohol use 644 (38) 429 (45) 687 (53) 807 (67)
Current smoking 135 (8) 44 (5) 74 (6) 57 (5)
BMI, kg/m2 30 (6) 29 (5) 28 (5) 27 (5)
Diabetes 669 (39) 319 (33) 339 (26) 271 (23)
Hypertension 1377 (80) 732 (76) 898 (70) 768 (64)
Prevalent CHD 230 (13) 106 (11) 162 (13) 169 (14)
Prevalent heart failure 230 (13) 123 (13) 102 (8) 76 (6)
SPPB, score 8.5 (2.8) 9.1 (2.5) 9.8 (2.1) 10.3 (1.8)
CHARGE-AF 5-year risk, % 12 (10) 12 (11) 11 (9) 11 (10)
5-year risk > 10% 793 (46) 390 (41) 501 (39) 504 (42)
Physical activity measures
 MVPA, min/week 0 (0) 88 (42) 223 (40) 434 (127)
 Moderate PA, min/week 0 (0) 87 (43) 220 (48) 383 (151)
 Vigorous PA, min/week 0 (0) 1 (5) 3 (16) 52 (95)
  1. Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study, 2011–2013
  2. Values correspond to mean (standard deviation) for continuous variables and N (percentage) for categorical variables. BMI body mass index, CHD coronary heart disease, PA physical activity, SPPB Short Physical Performance Battery score. MVPA categories defined as no MVPA (0 min/week of moderate or vigorous physical activity), low MVPA (< 150 min/week of moderate physical activity and < 75 min/week of vigorous physical activity), recommended MVAP (150–299 min/week of moderate physical activity or 75–149 min/week of vigorous physical activity or an equivalent combination of MVPA), and high MVPA (≥ 300 min/week of moderate physical activity or ≥ 150 min/week of vigorous physical activity or an equivalent combination of MVPA)