Skip to main content

Table 2 Patient characteristics

From: Early initiation of tolvaptan is associated with early discharge in patients with heart failure regardless of age

   < 80 years old  ≥ 80 years old P value
(n = 146) (n = 101)
Systolic BP (mm Hg) on admission 130.2 ± 29.7 127.1 ± 22.0 0.365
Diastolic BP (mm Hg) on admission 73.0 ± 20.2 67.8 ± 13.3 0.025
Heart rate (bpm) 92.1 ± 26.6 83.7 ± 21.8 0.009
Systolic BP (mm Hg) at discharge 107.0 ± 16.4 110.8 ± 14.5 0.066
Diastolic BP (mm Hg) at discharge 60.0 ± 9.3 57.6 ± 7.5 0.035
Sodium (mg/dl) 138.3 ± 4.2 138.6 ± 4.6 0.534
Potassium (mg/dl) 4.1 ± 0.6 4.2 ± 0.7 0.163
AST (IU/L) 67.6 ± 17.5 36.8 ± 3.4 0.148
ALT (IU/L) 56.4 ± 16.5 27.0 ± 3.6 0.144
LDH (IU/L) 355.0 ± 22.1 297.8 ± 10.1 0.041
BUN (mg/dl) 29.8 ± 17.9 32.0 ± 20.6 0.367
Creatinine (mg/dL) 1.43 ± 0.85 1.44 ± 0.92 0.991
eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) 46.4 ± 2.1 42.5 ± 2.0 0.189
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 12.3 ± 2.7 11.2 ± 2.0 < 0.001
Brain natriuretic peptide (pg/mL) 1325.8 ± 145.7 1244.0 ± 136.9 0.696
CTR (%) 63.2 ± 6.6 64.9 ± 6.2 0.039
Ejection fraction (%) 44.3 ± 18.5 52.6 ± 18.2 0.001
HFpEF (n, %) 56, 38.4 53, 52.5 0.028
  1. BP: Blood pressure, AST: aspartate aminotransferase, ALT: alanine aminotransferase, LDH, lactate dehydrogenase, BUN: blood urea nitrogen, eGFR: estimated glomerular filtration rate, CTR: cardiothoracic ratio, HFpEF: heart failure preserved ejection fraction. Continuous data are expressed as the mean ± standard deviation or error. P-values were determined using the unpaired t-test