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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of participants

From: Reduced mechanical function of the left atrial predicts adverse outcome in pregnant women with clustering of metabolic risk factors

Clinical parameters Control
(n = 50)
GDM
(n = 57)
PIH
(n = 57)
CMR
(n = 63)
P value
Age, years 32.06 ± 3.98 32.16 ± 4.14 31.39 ± 3.45 32.24 ± 4.13 0.659
Gestational age at echocardiography, weeks 22.10 ± 1.54 21.63 ± 1.81 22.28 ± 1.89 22.30 ± 2.41 0.228
BSA, m2 1.73 ± 0.11 1.78 ± 0.11 1.79 ± 0.12 1.86 ± 0.15†,§  < 0.001
Pre-BMI, Kg/m2 22.10 ± 3.02 22.91 ± 3.25 22.06 ± 2.88 26.36 ± 3.60†,§,‡  < 0.001
Gestational weight gain, Kg 13.58 ± 4.12 12.17 ± 5.03 14.74 ± 5.07 12.36 ± 5.90 0.026
TG, mmol/L 2.85 (2.28, 3.65) 2.87 (2.11, 3.74) 3.23 (2.59, 4.44) 4.61 ± 1.30†,§,‡  < 0.001
HDL-C, mmol/L 2.03 ± 0.40 1.97 ± 0.41 1.83 ± 0.43 1.58 ± 0.46†,§,‡  < 0.001
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 118.40 ± 9.11 118.72 ± 7.64 152.74 ± 9.89 151.52 ± 10.64†,§  < 0.001
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 73.46 ± 7.22 74.19 ± 5.40 93.35 ± 10.09 93.84 ± 8.58†,§  < 0.001
FPG, mmol/L 4.26 ± 0.46 5.13 ± 0.88 4.25 ± 0.45 5.02 ± 0.83†,‡  < 0.001
Weeks at delivery, weeks 39.16 ± 1.13 38.63 ± 1.58 37.72 ± 2.90 37.17 ± 1.91†,§  < 0.001
Iatrogenic preterm delivery, Pts (%) 0/50 (0%) 3/57 (5.26%) 12/57 (21.05%) 27/63 (42.86%)†,§  < 0.001
  1. Values are the mean ± standard deviation, median (interquartile range), or n (%)
  2. BSA, Body Surface Area; pre-BMI, pre-pregnancy body mass index; TG, triglyceride; HDL-C, high-density lipoproteins-cholesterol; FPG, fasting plasma glucose. †P < 0.05, CMR group vs Control group. §P < 0.05, CMR group vs GDM group. ‡P < 0.05, CMR group vs PIH group