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Table 6 Mean non-HDL-c and prevalence of elevated non-HDL-c according to personal and clinical attributes

From: High prevalence of dyslipidaemia subtypes and their associated personal and clinical attributes in Malaysian adults: the REDISCOVER study

  Mean (± SD)   Elevated non-HDL-c
  p value No
n (%)
Yes
n (%)
p value
Age groups (years)
30–39
40–49
50–59
 ≥ 60
4.03 (± 1.52)
4.33 (± 1.28)
4.58 (± 1.38)
4.48 (± 1.33)
 < 0.001** 607 (53.5)
1410 (46.1)
1231 (39.0)
1153 (42.7)
528 (46.5)
1647 (53.9)
1925 (61.0)
1546 (57.3)
0.000*
Gender
Male
Female
4.53 (± 1.33)
4.33 (± 1.38)
 < 0.001** 1693 (39.2)
2708 (47.3)
2624 (60.8)
3022 (52.7)
 < 0.001**
Ethnicity
Malay
Chinese
Indian
Indigenous
4.62 (± 1.27)
4.04 (± 1.31)
4.34 (± 1.15)
3.65 (± 1.52)
 < 0.001** 2740 (37.5)
566 (55.9)
128 (47.1)
967 (66.8)
4574 (62.5)
447 (44.1)
144 (52.9)
481 (33.2)
 < 0.001**
Education attainment
No formal education
Primary
Secondary
Tertiary
4.26 (± 1.44)
4.51 (± 1.35)
4.46 (± 1.33)
4.41 (± 1.22)
 < 0.001** 724 (49.8)
1006 (40.5)
1492 (42.8)
746 (43.7)
730 (50.2)
1481 (59.6)
1991 (57.2)
960 (56.3)
 < 0.001**
Location
Urban
Rural
4.53 (± 1.19)
4.30 (± 1.51)
 < 0.001** 2088 (41.5)
2313 (46.1)
2946 (58.5)
2700 (53.9)
0.002*
Smoking status
Non-smoker
Previous smoker
Current smoker
4.39 (± 1.32)
4.51 (± 1.36)
4.63 (± 1.30)
 < 0.001** 3246 (45.2)
418 (39.9)
457 (37.3)
3942 (54.8)
629 (60.1)
768 (62.7)
 < 0.001**
Diabetes mellitus
No
Yes
4.37 (± 1.35)
4.67 (± 1.37)
 < 0.001** 3857 (45.3)
544 (35.5)
4656 (54.7)
990 (64.5)
 < 0.001**
Hypertension
No
Yes
4.30 (± 1.33)
4.55 (± 1.38)
 < 0.001** 2598 (48.2)
1803 (38.7)
2793 (51.8)
2853 (61.3)
 < 0.001**
Body mass index
Underweight
Normal
Overweight
Obese
3.73 (± 1.21)
4.06 (± 1.37)
4.52 (± 1.33)
4.67 (± 1.27)
 < 0.001** 260 (70.1)
1301 (56.9)
1482 (40.4)
1105 (34.4)
111 (29.9)
987 (43.1)
2190 (59.6)
2107 (65.6)
 < 0.001**
Waist-hip ratio
Normal
Abdominal obesity
4.21 (± 1.31)
4.64 (± 1.34)
 < 0.001** 2261 (51.1)
1659 936.4)
2166 (48.9)
2895 (63.6)
 < 0.001**
  1. *significant at p < 0.05; **significant at p < 0.001