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Table 3 Results of univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis for MACE

From: The relationship between ambulatory arterial stiffness, inflammation, blood pressure dipping and cardiovascular outcomes

Characteristic Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
Odds ratio (95% CI) p value Odds ratio (95% CI) p value
Age, years 1.07 (1.03–1.10) < 0.0001 1.04 (1.001–1.08) 0.044
Male sex (%) 0.73 (0.38–1.37) 0.33 NS
Coronary artery disease 2.333 (1.20–4.50) 0.013 NS
Heart failure 5.62 (2.47–12.81) < 0.0001 5.65 (2.36–13.55) < 0.0001
Diabetes mellitus 2.50 (1.25–4.90) 0.010 NS
Previous stroke /TIA 3.20 (1.40–7.30) 0.006 2.49 (1.05–5.93) 0.039
Known hypertension 3.26 (1.27–8.34) 0.014 NS
Peripheral vascular disease 4.61 (2.02–10.51) < 0.0001 3.0 (1.27–7.10) 0.013
Haemoglobin 0.97 (0.95–0.98) 0.002 0.98 (0.96–0.99) 0.045
Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio 1.17 (1.08–1.28) < 0.0001 1.13 (1.02–1.24 0.02
Monocyte/lymphocyte ratio 1.02 (1.01–1.04) < 0.0001 NS
Creatinine clearance 0.98 (0.97–0.99) 0.01 NS
Systolic blood pressure dip, % 0.95 (0.91–0.98) 0.012 NS
AASI 1.03 (1.01–1.05) 0.006 NS
  1. TIA, transient ischaemic attack; HBA1c Glycosylated haemoglobin; AASI, ambulatory arterial stiffness index; NS, non-significant