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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients enrolled

From: The stress hyperglycaemia ratio is associated with left ventricular remodelling after first acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

  Total Low SHR group (SHR < 1.191) High SHR group (SHR ≥ 1.191) P value
Number 127 63 64  
Age 55.94 ± 11.14 54.33 ± 11.74 57.52 ± 10.36 0.108
Male sex (%) 110 (86.6%) 58 (92.1%) 52 (81.2%) 0.116
BMI (kg/m2) 25.12 ± 2.61 25.48 ± 2.40 24.78 ± 2.78 0.130
Hypertension (%) 66 (52.0%) 32 (50.8%) 34 (53.1%) 0.860
T2DM (%) 51 (40.2%) 20 (31.7%) 31 (48.4%) 0.071
Current smoker (%) 87 (68.5%) 47 (74.6%) 40 (62.5%) 0.182
Killip classification     0.405
Class I 115 (90.6%) 55 (87.3%) 60 (93.8%)  
Class II 10 (7.9%) 7 (11.1%) 3 (4.7%)  
Class III 2 (1.6%) 1 (1.6%) 1 (1.6%)  
Class IV 0  
Baseline LVEF 49.98 ± 8.59 50.84 ± 9.41 49.13 ± 7.67 0.263
Laboratory examination     
White blood cells (109/L) 10.45 ± 2.47 10.35 ± 2.60 10.56 ± 2.35 0.639
Hemoglobin (g/L) 153.06 ± 12.96 152.89 ± 13.42 153.22 ± 12.59 0.887
Platelet (109/L) 229.99 ± 63.95 232.79 ± 65.29 227.23 ± 62.99 0.626
eGFR (mmol/L) 99.86 ± 13.44 101.36 ± 14.27 98.38 ± 12.52 0.213
Uric acid (mg/dl) 357.22 ± 92.63 365.91 ± 106.52 348.66 ± 76.46 0.297
ABG (mmol/L) 8.38 (6.95,10.87) 6.99 (6.23,8.48) 10.10 (8.37,11.99) 0.001
HBA1C (%) 6.00 (5.60,6.90) 6.00 (5.60,6.90) 6.00 (5.53,6.80) 0.894
SHR 1.22 ± 0.25 1.05 (0.95,1.11) 1.39 (1.28,1.50)  < 0.0001
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.43 (1.00,1.97) 1.81 ± 1.13 1.36 (0.90,1.86) 0.116
LDL-C (mmol/L) 3.28 ± 1.06 3.23 ± 1.13 3.33 ± 0.98 0.586
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.13 ± 0.28 1.06 ± 0.23 1.19 ± 0.31 0.010
Peak CK-MB 122.40 (45.10,258.00) 89.38 (26.60,202.60) 154.60 (54.18,299.00) 0.047
Peak cTnI (ng/ml) 30.62 (12.40,78.00) 20.62 (8.84,40.64) 56.07 (25.43,81.00)  < 0.001
Medications (Discharge)     
Aspirin (%) 127 (100.0%) 63 (100.0%) 64 (100.0%) 1.000
Clopidogrel/ticagrelor (%) 127 (100.0%) 63 (100.0%) 64 (100.0%) 1.000
Statin (%) 123 (96.9%) 63 (100.0%) 60 (93.8%) 0.119
Beta-blockers (%) 109 (85.8%) 56 (88.9%) 53 (82.8%) 0.446
ACEI/ARB (%) 89 (70.1%) 43 (68.3%) 46 (71.9%) 0.701
Insulin (%) 7 (5.5%) 2 (3.2%) 5 (7.8%) 0.440
Hypoglycemic agents (%) 30 (23.6%) 13 (20.6%) 17 (26.6%) 0.532
  1. BMI, body mass index; T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate; ABG, admission blood glucose; HBA1C, glycated hemoglobin; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; ACEI/ARB, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker; SHR, stress hyperglycemia ratio