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Table 2 The association of HTGW phenotype components with 5-year subclinical carotid artery atherosclerosis indices

From: Association of “hypertriglyceridemic waist” with increased 5-year risk of subclinical atherosclerosis in a multi-ethnic population: a prospective cohort study

  Intima media thicknessa Total areaa Plaque presenceb
β (95% CI) p value β (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value
Model A
 Non-HTGW Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Elevated WC 0.05 (0.02, 0.09) 0.002 0.05 (− 0.06, 0.16) 0.33 1.03 (0.62, 1.69) 0.92
 Elevated TG 0.02 (− 0.03, 0.07) 0.39 − 0.02 (− 0.17, 0.14) 0.85 0.78 (0.40, 1.50) 0.46
 HTGW 0.08 (0.04, 0.11) < 0.001 0.20 (0.07, 0.33) 0.002 2.17 (1.13, 4.19) 0.02
Model B
 Non-HTGW Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Elevated WC 0.02 (− 0.02, 0.07) 0.24 0.02 (− 0.11, 0.16) 0.76 0.81 (0.42, 1.56) 0.53
 Elevated TG 0.00 (− 0.05, 0.05) 0.94 − 0.12 (− 0.28, 0.04) 0.14 0.51 (0.24, 1.07) 0.08
 HTGW 0.03 (− 0.02, 0.08) 0.27 0.06 (− 0.10, 0.22) 0.45 1.21 (0.53, 2.75) 0.66
  1. Outcome variables are in ln(x) form; amultiple linear regression; b logistic regression; Model A adjusts for age, maximum education, sex, family history, ethnicity, and income level; Model B adjusts for all variables adjusted for in model A plus: BMI, smoking status, total cholesterol, HDL-C, systolic blood pressure; Elevated waist circumference (WC) was ≥ 85 cm in women and ≥ 90 cm in men; Elevated triglycerides (TG) were ≥ 1.5 mmol/L in women and ≥ 2 mmol/L in men; HTGW is the presence of both elevated WC and TG; BMI body mass index, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HTGW hypertriglyceridemic waist, WC waist circumference, TG triglycerides