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Table 3 Three-level models for OS of CHF-PRO for patients with CHF

From: Assessment of chronic disease self-management in patients with chronic heart failure based on the MCID of patient-reported outcomes by the multilevel model

Parameters Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Fixed effects
Intercept 238.22 (0.50) 218.60 (1.13) 207.40 (3.27)
Time   8.60 (0.36)* 4.58 (0.39)*
Age    − 0.17 (0.03)*
Female    − 1.66 (0.77)*
NYHA    − 4.15 (0.45)*
Regular schedule    3.66 (0.45)*
Avoid over-eating    4.13 (0.55)*
Low-sodium diet    1.71 (0.40)*
Exercises    2.84 (0.28)*
Random effects
Level 2 (subjects)
 (Intercept) 41.20 (9.17) 384.07 (44.86)* 405.87 (40.26)*
 (Time)   20.33 (4.61)* 27.46 (4.12)*
Level 1 (time point)
 (Intercept) 342.10 (13.04) 197.15 (9.05)* 146.74 (6.73)*
− 2 Log likelihood 16,844.48 16,159.17 15,651.74
  1. OS, overall scores; CHF-PRO, chronic heart failure—patient reported outcome. NYHA, New York Heart Association functional class