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Table 3 Characteristics of participants achieving and not achieving treatment goals among LLD and antihypertensive drug users

From: Adherence to prescription guidelines and achievement of treatment goals among persons with coronary heart disease in Tromsø 7

  Users of LLDs
(n = 1133)
Users of antihypertensive drugs among participants with hypertension
(n = 763)
Achieving
LDL-goal
(n = 136)
Not achieving LDL-goal
(n = 991)
Achieving
BP-goal
(n = 379)
Not achieving BP-goal
(n = 382)
Sex, n (%)         
 Women 29 (21.3) 262 (26.4) 123 (32.5) 132 (34.6)
Age, mean (sd) 69.7 (9.5) 69.4 (9.8) 68.0 (9.7) 71.6 (9.6)
Smoking, n (%)         
 Daily smoking 15 (11.0) 114 (11.5) 52 (13.7) 29 (7.5)
 Smoked previously 79 (58.1) 617 (62.3) 218 (57.5) 236 (61.8)
Self-reported health, n (%)         
 Excellent/good 56 (41.2) 478 (48.2) 157 (41.4) 161 (42.1)
 Neither good nor bad 68 (50.0) 403 (40.7) 175 (46.2) 177 (46.3)
 Bad/very bad 9 (6.6) 99 (10.0) 44 (11.6) 40 (10.4)
Comorbidities*, n (%)         
 Heart failure 20 (14.7) 176 (17.8) 72 (19.0) 65 (17.0)
 Atrial fibrillation 23 (16.9) 181 (18.3) 84 (22.1) 76 (19.9)
 Stroke 12 (8.8) 90 (9.1) 45 (11.9) 46 (12.0)
 Diabetes 28 (20.6) 147 (14.8) 72 (19.0) 74 (19.4)
 Renal disease 7 (5.2) 71 (7.1) 25 (6.6) 40 (10.5)
 Cancer 18 (13.2) 124 (12.5) 44 (11.6) 60 (15.8)
 Medications, mean number of products (sd) 5.3 (2.9) 4.4 (2.8) 5.0 (2.9) 5.0 (2.9)
Clinical measurements, mean (sd)
 Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 133 (18.5) 136 (21.0) 123 (11.7) 155 (15.4)
 Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 73 (9.2) 74 (9.8) 71 (8.5) 79 (9.6)
 Total cholesterol, mmol/l 3.3 (0.6) 4.5 (0.9) 4.4 (1.0) 4.6 (1.1)
 LDL-cholesterol, mmol/l 1.5 (0.2) 2.7 (0.8) 2.7 (0.9) 2.8 (1.0)
 HDL-cholesterol, mmol/l 1.5 (0.6) 1.4 (0.4) 1.4 (0.4) 1.4 (0.4)
 Triglycerides, mmol/l 1.5 (1.6) 1.6 (0.9) 1.7 (0.9) 1.7 (1.1)
 HbA1c, % 6.3 (1.0) 6.1 (0.9) 6.1 (1.0) 6.1 (1.0)
 Glucose, mmol/l§ 6.5 (2.7) 6.0 (2.1) 6.2 (2.3) 6.2 (2.2)
 BMI, kg/m2 28.4 (4.6) 28.4 (4.3) 29.2 (4.6) 28.9 (4.4)
  1. Percentages are calculated for columns
  2. AP, angina pectoris; BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; CABG, coronary artery bypass graft; CHD, coronary heart disease; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; LLD, lipid-lowering drugs; MI, myocardial infarction; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention; sd, standard deviation
  3. *Self-reported relevant comorbidities for coronary heart disease, present or previous diseases
  4. To convert to mg/dL, multiply with 38.67
  5. To convert to mg/dL, multiply with 88.57
  6. §To convert to mg/dL, multiply with 18.02