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Table 3 The characteristics of patients with different degrees of CAD

From: The association between pulse wave analysis, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity and peripheral arterial disease in patients with ischemic heart disease

  No CAD (n = 42, 34.1%) One-vessel CAD (N = 21, 17.1%) Two-vessel CAD (N = 24, 19.5%) Three-vessel CAD (n = 36, 29.3%) p
Age (years) 62.5 ± 10.8 63.9 ± 9.2 65.7 ± 9.1 66.7 ± 7.8 0.250
Male gender 17 (40.5%) 14 (66.7%) 20 (83.3%) 27 (75.0%) < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 28.0 ± 4.3 28.2 ± 3.9 29.2 ± 3.9 28.6 ± 5.0 0.748
eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) 77.7 ± 20.6 78.2 ± 13.8 72.7 ± 17.3 73.3 ± 15.5 0.491
ABI 1.1 ± 0.1 1.0 ± 0.1 1.1 ± 0.1 1.0 ± 0.1 0.170
Active smoking 8 (19.0%) 7 (33.3%) 4 (16.7%) 3 (8.33%) 0.071
Arterial hypertension 26 (61.9%) 18 (85.7%) 24 (100%) 30 (83.3%) 0.110
Diabetes 6 (14.3%) 3 (14.3%) 5 (20.8%) 13 (36.1%) 0.140
MAP (mmHg) 97.3 ± 11.6 88.0 ± 9.2 92.1 ± 9.7 96.0 ± 18.6 0.043
Dyslipidemia 14 (33.3%) 16 (76.2%) 18 (75.0%) 21 (58.3%) 0.057
SEVR (%) 159.5 ± 32.9 181.0 ± 35.2 166.8 ± 27.8 158.1 ± 31.5 0.048
cfPWV (m/s) 10.5 ± 3.2 9.6 ± 2.1 10.4 ± 2.4 10.7 ± 2.7 0.487
AIx (%) 28.5 ± 11.1 30.3 ± 8.4 28.4 ± 8.8 28.7 ± 10.6 0.902
AIx@75 26.9 ± 12.2 25.6 ± 8.9 25.5 ± 7.5 25.8 ± 8.9 0.932
AP (mmHg) 14.2 ± 7.4 13.3 ± 5.6 14.9 ± 7.1 16.6 ± 11.0 0.469
ED (ms) 34.7 ± 3.8 32.5 ± 3.6 33.3 ± 4.0 34.1 ± 4.6 0.187
PP (mmHg) 47.0 ± 14.7 43.1 ± 13.5 48.4 ± 10.7 50.7 ± 18.1 0.293
HR (beats/minute) 70.1 ± 10.5 65.1 ± 8.8 69.0 ± 12.4 69.0 ± 12.4 0.390
  1. For all tests, a p-value of < 0.05 was statistically significant which are indicated in bold
  2. CAD coronary artery disease, BMI body mass index, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, ABI ankle-brachial index, MAP mean arterial pressure, SEVR subendocardial viability ratio, cfPWV carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, Aix augmentation index, AIx@75 augmentation index adjusted for heart rate 75/minute, AP augmentation pressure, ED ejection duration, PP pulse pressure, HR heart rate