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Table 1 Participants’ demographic characteristics, cardiovascular risk factors and laboratory results

From: Aerobic exercise, but not isometric handgrip exercise, improves endothelial function and arterial stiffness in patients with myocardial infarction undergoing coronary intervention: a randomized pilot study

  AE (n = 10) IE (n = 10) p value
Age (years) 58.6 ± 9.0 56.0 ± 9.8 0.543
Gender    0.531
 Female (n) 1 2  
 Male (n) 9 8  
Ethnicity    0.136
 White (n) 8 10  
 Black (n) 2 0  
Education    0.448
 Elementary incomplete (n) 2 3  
 Elementary complete (n) 1 0  
 High school incomplete (n) 0 2  
 High school complete (n) 5 3  
 College complete (n) 2 2  
Hypertension prior to acute MI    0.329
 Yes (n) 8 6  
 No (n) 2 4  
Physical activity level    0.361
 Low (n) 5 7  
 Moderate or high (n) 5 3  
Family history of CAD    0.531
 Yes (n) 9 8  
 No (n) 1 2  
Diabetes mellitus    0.329
 Yes (n) 4 2  
 No (n) 6 8  
Excessive alcohol use*    0.051
 Yes (n) 5 1  
 No (n) 5 9  
Smoking    0.178
 Yes (n) 7 4  
 No (n) 3 6  
Anthropometric measurements and laboratory values (mean ± SD)    
 Total body weight (kg) 79.1 ± 8.1 79.4 ± 17.5 0.961
 BMI (kg/m2) 28.6 ± 1.9 28.3 ± 5.0 0.855
 Waist circumference (cm) 95.3 ± 3.4 94.5 ± 9.3 0.802
 Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 165.0 ± 44.9 177.0 ± 42.6 0.548
 HDLc (mg/dL) 45.0 ± 11.4 47.0 ± 15.4 0.745
 LDLc (mg/dL) 91.6 ± 38.6 97.8 ± 39.4 0.726
 Triglycerides (mg/dL) 143.1 ± 52.1 220.0 ± 158.7 0.174
 Fast glucose (mg/dL) 115.9 ± 39.1 108.0 ± 15.1 0.584
 Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.95 ± 0.14 0.96 ± 0.24 0.895
 Uric acid (mg/dL) 5.6 ± 1.6 6.0 ± 2.0 0.594
 TSH (mIU/L) 3.1 ± 1.1 2.3 ± 1.4 0.195
 Ultrasensitive PCR (mg/dL) 0.42 ± 0.49 0.33 ± 0.37 0.626
  1. AE, aerobic exercise session; IE, isometric exercise session; BMI, body mass index; MI, myocardial infarction; CAD, coronary artery disease; HDLc, high-density cholesterol; LDLc, low-density cholesterol; TSH, thyroid stimulating hormone; PCR, C-reactive protein. Student's t-test for independent samples or the chi-square test were used when applicable; p < 0.05. *Heavy consumption was defined as > 15 (males) and 10 (females) drinks/week (one drink contains 15 g of alcohol and is equivalent to 350 mL of beer, 150 mL of wine or 40 mL of spirits)