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Table 1 Characteristics of 89 reviewed cases of Berry syndrome

From: Berry syndrome: a case report and literature review

Variable (Number*) n (%)
Sex (73)
 Male 49 (67.1%)
Premature birth (28)
 Yes 4 (14.3%)
Presence of clinical symptoms
 Cyanosis (52) 21 (40.4%)
 Tachypnea/dyspnea/respiratory infection (52) 31 (59.6%)
 Cardiac murmur (52) 23 (44.2%)
 CHF/poor peripheral perfusion/tachycardia (52) 15 (28.8%)
 Poor feeding/lethargy/poor phonation/anuria (52) 10 (19.2%)
Age at diagnosis (81)
 Prenatal 13 (16.0%)
 ≤ 3 months 43 (53.1%)
 3 months-1 year 13 (16.0%)
 1–12 years 5 (6.2%)
 > 12 years 2 (2.5%)
 Autopsy 5 (6.2%)
Diagnostic methods (81)
 Cases used echocardiography 67 (82.7%)
Anomalies recognized by echocardiography (46)
 APW + AORPA + IAA/HAA/CoA 28 (60.9%)
 APW + IAA/HAA/CoA 11 (23.9%)
 Others 7 (15.2%)
AA morphology (89)
 IAA 83 (93.3%)
 CoA 4 (4.5%)
 HAA 2 (2.2%)
IAA types (76)
 A 67 (88.2%)
 B 9 (11.8%)
 C 0 (0)
APW types (71)
 I 2 (2.8%)
 II 56 (78.9%)
 III 13 (18.3%)
Types of ductus artery (77)
 Patent 76 (98.7%)
 Fibrous cord 1 (1.3%)
Types of PDA (31)
 Large 20 (64.5%)
 Constricting 11 (35.5%)
Original site of RPA (86)
 Type A (a straddling RPA) 13 (15.1%)
 Type B (a completely separated RPA) 73 (84.9%)
Associated cardiac and extracardiac anomalies (68)
 Yes 11 (16.2%)
Chromosomal abnormalities (14)
 Yes 4 (28.6%)
Age at surgery (62)
 ≤ 1 month 31 (50.0%)
 1–3 months 12 (19.4%)
 3 months-1 year 14 (22.6%)
 1–12 years 4 (6.5%)
 > 12 years 1 (1.6%)
Types of surgery (63)
 One-stage 53 (84.1%)
 Two-stage 10 (15.9%)
Postoperative complications
 Aortic arch stenosis (29) 13 (44.8%)
 RPA stenosis (29) 17 (58.6%)
 Residual APW (29) 1 (3.4%)
Reintervention after surgery (27)
 Yes 13 (48.1%)
Presence of massively dilated vascular sac (64)
 Yes 5 (7.8%)
  1. AORPA, aortic origin of the right pulmonary artery; APW, aortopulmonary window; CHF, congestive heart failure; CoA, coarctation of the aorta; HAA, hypoplastic aortic arch; IAA, interrupted aortic arch; PDA, patent ductus arteriosus; RPA, right pulmonary artery
  2. *The total number of cases with available data for analysis