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Table 1 Basic Echocardiographic data of the rats in each group (\(\overline{x} \pm s\))

From: Ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction promotes myocardial angiogenesis and functional improvements in rat model of diabetic cardiomyopathy

Characteristics Normal DCM model US + MB Subgroups
8 cycle 18 cycle 26 cycle 36 cycle
LVIDd (mm) 7.42 ± 0.21 7.44 ± 0.41 7.36 ± 0.48 7.23 ± 0.69 7.41 ± 0.78 7.61 ± 0.69
IVS (mm) 1.61 ± 0.16 1.54 ± 0.19 1.51 ± 0.14 1.62 ± 0.17 1.55 ± 0.18 1.59 ± 0.18
LVEF (%) 73.51 ± 4.44# 57.76 ± 6.03* 64.48 ± 5.12*# 65.59 ± 6.27*# 68.97 ± 4.84# 63.49 ± 5.34*#
LVFS (%) 35.06 ± 3.15# 27.70 ± 3.24* 29.94 ± 3.55*# 31.88 ± 4.28*# 34.01 ± 3.97# 30.78 ± 3.87*#
HR 378.30 ± 14.44# 288.78 ± 15.82* 301.67 ± 16.68* 321.21 ± 29.58*# 331.13 ± 20.95*# 307.42 ± 23.81*#
  1. LVIDd, left ventricular internal dimensions; IVS, interventricular septum dimensions; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction; LVFS, percentage of left ventricular fractional shortening; HR, heart rate
  2. *P < 0.05, VS normal group; #P < 0.05, VS model group