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Table 1 Disease management and clinical characteristics of patients with HF reported by patients, HF specialists, and caregivers

From: The emotional and social burden of heart failure: integrating physicians’, patients’, and caregivers’ perspectives through narrative medicine

  Patients (N = 82) Patients described by physicians (N = 104) Patients described by caregivers (N = 61)
Age (mean ± SD), years 57 ± 3 57 ± 3
Disease duration (mean ± SD), years 10 ± 2 8 ± 1 10 ± 3
Recurrence of specialist visits, n (%) (n = 73) (n = 52)
 ≥ 1 in 6 months 28 (38) 25 (48)
 1 per 6 months 35 (48) 23 (44)
 1 per year 8 (11) 2 (4)
 < 1 per year 3 (4) 1 (2)
 Just in emergency cases 1 (2)
NYHA class, n (%) (n = 73) (n = 92) (n = 53)
 I 18 (25) 4 (4) 17 (32)
 II 27 (37) 44 (48) 16 (30)
 III 26 (36) 34 (37) 18 (34)
 IV 2 (2) 10 (11) 2 (4)
Ejection fraction, n (%) (n = 73) (n = 102) (n = 52)
 > 40% (HF-pEF) 18 (25) 17 (17) 14 (27)
 < 40% (HF-rEF) 39 (53) 85 (83) 21 (40)
 I don’t know 16 (22) 17 (33)
  1. HF heart failure, NYHA New York Heart Association, pEF preserved ejection fraction, rEF reduced EF, SD standard deviation