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Table 1 The prevalence and percentages of 27 CHD subtypes

From: Global prevalence of congenital heart disease in school-age children: a meta-analysis and systematic review

CHD subtypes Unrepaired CHDs
Prevalence of CHD subtypes/1000 (95% CIs) Percentage of CHD subtypes, % (95% CIs)
Ventricular septal defect 0.997 (0.711–1.331) 30.342 (25.651–35.249)
Atrial septal defect 0.902 (0.659–1.183) 24.456 (19.803–29.431)
Patent ductus arteriosus 0.516 (0.349–0.715) 13.896 (10.348–17.871)
Pulmonary stenosis 0.230 (0.151–0.325) 7.229 (4.827–10.071)
Aortic stenosis 0.243 (0.132–0.388) 8.548 (5.313–12.465)
Mitral insufficiency 0.385 (0.174–0.679) 9.182 (3.631–16.926)
Tetralogy of fallot 0.167 (0.112–0.233) 5.613 (3.918–7.590)
Coronary artery aneurysm 0.001 (0.000–0.006) 0.113 (0.003–0.631)
Dextrocardia 0.111 (0.014–0.300) 3.555 (0.867–7.967)
Tricuspid atresia or stenosis 0.131 (0.039–0.275) 5.567 (1.34–12.433)
Aortic valve insufficiency 0.069 (0.017–0.157) 5.471 (1.38–12.046)
Ebstein anomaly 0.011 (0.003–0.026) 0.960 (0.393–1.774)
Congenital heart block 0.164 (0.000–1.545) 1.389 (0.003–5.223)
Pulmonary arteriovenous aneurysm 0.011 (0.005–0.018) 0.913 (0.434–1.568)
Pulmonary atresia
Mitral stenosis 0.049 (0.005–0.139) 4.710 (0.141–15.166)
Endocardial cushion defect 0.033 (0.022–0.045) 2.803 (1.672–4.215)
Transposition of the great arteries 0.025 (0.010–0.048) 2.113 (1.320–3.088)
Coarctation of the aorta 0.087 (0.012–0.229) 1.750 (0.562–3.581)
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome 0.083 (0.002–0.464) 1.429 (0.036–7.704)
Single ventricle 0.009 (0.004–0.018) 0.908 (0.393–1.781)
Truncus arteriosus 0.007 (0.003–0.015) 0.681 (0.250–1.476)
Cor triatriatum 0.012 (0.000–0.069) 0.505 (0.012–2.782)
Double outlet right ventricle
 Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return
 Total anomalous pulmonary venous return
 Interrupted aortic arch