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Table 1 Characteristics of the sample stratified by peripheral arterial disease status

From: Depressive symptomatology and personality traits in patients with symptomatic and asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease

 Clear-PAD-negative
(n = 126)
ABI-negative-symptomatic
(n = 49)
Non-compressible-artery group
(n = 39)
Clear-PAD-positive
(n = 86)
Comparison of the groups
Sex    χ2 = 9.047, p = .029, V = .174
 Female87 (69.05)27 (55.10)26 (66.67)43 (50.00) 
 Male39 (30.95)22 (44.90)13 (33.33)43 (50.00) 
Age (years)63.52 (8.88)66.14 (7.30)66.62 (9.12)66.90 (8.45)K-W χ2 = 10.955, p = .012, η2 = .027
Hypertonia    χ2 = 3.530, p = .317, V = .108
 No31 (24.60)8 (16.33)9 (23.08)13 (15.12) 
 Yes95 (75.40)41 (83.67)30 (76.92)73 (84.88) 
Diabetes    χ2 = 3.210, p = .360, V = .103
 No83 (65.87)33 (67.35)20 (51.28)53 (61.63) 
 Yes43 (34.13)16 (32.65)19 (48.72)33 (38.37) 
Smoking    χ2 = 17.295, p = .001, V = .240
 No108 (85.71)34 (69.39)31 (79.49)53 (61.63) 
 Yes18 (14.29)15 (30.61)8 (20.51)33 (38.37) 
Hazardous drinking1.11 (1.33)1.06 (1.65)1.23 (1.66)2.05 (2.30)K-W χ2 = 11.506, p = .009, η2 = .028
Body mass index30.91 (5.49)29.48 (5.28)31.85 (6.33)28.19 (4.59)K-W χ2 = 16.489, p = .001, η2 = .046
Extraversion29.44 (6.67)26.02 (7.15)29.97 (7.05)23.13 (6.87)K-W χ2 = 45.823, p < .001, η2 = .145
Agreeableness35.75 (4.26)34.86 (4.87)36.32 (5.06)31.45 (5.70)K-W χ2 = 33.824, p < .001, η2 = .104
Conscientiousness37.58 (4.68)36.61 (4.07)37.67 (4.35)35.10 (4.38)K-W χ2 = 16.470, p = .001, η2 = .046
Neuroticism21.85 (5.10)26.37 (5.47)24.05 (6.17)28.58 (6.14)K-W χ2 = 63.708, p < .001, η2 = .205
Openness32.32 (8.57)28.02 (8.22)33.31 (9.25)25.66 (6.16)K-W χ2 = 41.448, p < .001, η2 = .130
Depression (continuous)3.82 (6.29)12.28 (8.41)6.03 (6.15)16.31 (10.42)K-W χ2 = 98.393, p < .001, η2 = .322
Depression (categorical)10 (7.94)29 (59.18)8 (20.51)54 (62.79)χ2 = 87.325, p < .001, V = .540
  1. Note. Descriptive values are frequencies (and percentages) for categorical variables, while means (and standard deviations) for continuous variables. V: Cramer’s V; K-W χ2: Kruskal-Wallis χ2