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Table 1 Clinical and biochemical characteristics of study participants in mean (SD) or n (%)

From: Peripheral arterial disease and its correlates in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in a teaching hospital in northern Nigeria: a cross-sectional study

CharacteristicFemale (n = 83)Male (n = 117)p valueAll participants(n = 200)
Age (years)56.5 (12.5)57.4 (11.3)0.6556.9 (11.8)
Duration of DM (years)9.2 (6.9)8.3 (6.8)0.398.7 (6.8)
Presence of Hypertension61 (73.5)79 (67.5)0.36140 (70.0)
Previous Tobacco Smoking*0 (0.0)9 (7.7)0.019 (4.5)
Previous MI or stroke4 (4.8)8 (6.8)0.5512 (6.0)
Medications
 Antihypertensives60 (72.3)74 (63.2)0.18134 (67.0)
 Lipid lowering drugs11 (13.3)14 (12.0)0.7921 (12.5)
 Antiplatelets15 (18.1)22 (18.8)0.9037 (18.5)
BMI (Kg/m2)*29.3 (5.4)27.0 (5.1)< 0.0127.9 (5.4)
Waist circumference (cm)97.6 (9.9)94.6 (12.2)0.0595.8 (11.4)
HbA1c (%)10.3 (3.1)9.9 (3.1)0.3210.1 (3.1)
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)*4.5 (0.9)4.1 (1.0)0.014.20 (1.0)
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)2.7 (0.9)2.5 (0.9)0.142.6 (0.5)
HDLcholesterol (mmol/L)*1.0 (0.4)0.9 (0.4)< 0.010.95 (0.4)
Triglycerides (mmol/L)1.5 (0.7)1.6 (1.1)0.651.5 (0.9)
PAD*39 (47.0)38 (32.5)0.0477 (38.5)
  1. *p < 0.05. DM Diabetes mellitus, MI Myocardial infarction, HbA1c glycosylated haemoglobin, BMI Body mass index, LDL Low density lipoprotein, HDL High density lipoprotein, PAD Peripheral arterial disease