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Table 4 Pre-reoperation data of IMHA patients

From: Intractable mechanical hemolytic anemia complicating mitral valve surgery: a case series study

 Early IMHALate IMHATotal
Symptoms and signs
 Jaundice6 (60)12 (80)18 (72)
 Dark Urine8 (80)13 (87)21 (84)
 Heart failure3 (30)13 (87)16 (64)
 Acute kidney injury4 (40)7 (47)11 (44)
 Hepatomegaly3 (30)12 (80)15 (60)
 Splenomegaly3 (30)12 (80)15 (60)
Laboratory results
 Hb (g/L)68 ± 1472 ± 1670 ± 14
 Cr (μmol/L)127 ± 95142 ± 121136 ± 101
 Tbil (μmol/L)41 ± 1989 ± 6272 ± 57
 Dbil (μmol/L)13 ± 718 ± 816 ± 7
 LDH (IU/L)1623 ± 10093263 ± 24622607 ± 2142
Mitral valve echo parameters
 Flow rate (m/s)2.3 ± 0.62.6 ± 0.42.5 ± 0.5
 Peak pressure (mmHg)23.3 ± 11.427.2 ± 9.325.6 ± 10.3
 Regurgitation (1+/2+/3+)1/3/61/10/42/13/10
Pre-op transfusion volume
 RBC (U)1 (0,2)5 (2,8)2 (1,7)
 Plasma (ml)0 (0, 100)100 (0,400)0 (0,400)
Pre-op medication
 Beta-blocker9 (90)13 (87)22 (88)
 Iron supplements8 (80)12 (80)20 (80)
 Erythropoietin6 (60)10 (67)16 (64)