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Table 1 Patients’ demographics and preoperative characteristics

From: Higher incidence of perivalvular abscess determines perioperative clinical outcome in patients undergoing surgery for prosthetic valve endocarditis

 ENTIRE COHORTPROPENSITY MATCHED COHORT
NVE (n = 315)PVE (n = 103)P valueNVE (n = 79)PVE (n = 79)P value
Age62.7[49.4–71.6]71.5[62.0–76.6]< 0.00165.5[55.5–72.2]69.2[55.5–75.5]0.204
Female sex71(22.5%)33(32.0%)0.04622(27.8%)19(24.1%)0.586
BMI25.5[23.2–28.1]26.0[23.9–28.7]0.27325.4[23.7–28.8]26.1[23.9–28.7]0.548
BSA1.98[1.83–2.12]1.94[1.74–2.10]0.2381.97± 0.211.97± 0.240.349
COPD29(9.2%)9(8.7%)0.88610(12.7%)8(10.1%)0.617
Diabetes81(25.7%)34(33.0%)0.15021(26.6%)25(31.6%)0.484
Peripheral vascular disease23(7.3%)12(11.7%)0.1676(7.6%)7(8.9%)0.772
Preoperative AKI173(54.9%)69(67.0%)0.03154(68.4%)52(65.8%)0.735
Preoperative dialysis30(9.5%)13(12.6%)0.8896(7.6%)13(16.5%)0.176
Coronary artery disease80(25.4%)36(35.5%)0.06023(29.1%)22(27.8%)0.860
Prior PCI18(5.7%)14(13.6%)0.0544(5.1%)8(10.1%)0.124
Immunosuppression5(1.6%)2(1.9%)0.8111(1.3%)1(1.3%)1.000
HIV9(2.9%)1(1.0%)0.2330(0%)1(1.3%)0.238
Alcohol abuse37(11.7%)4(3.9%)0.0208(10.1%)3(3.8%)0.118
Intravenous drug abuse22(7.0%)6(5.8%)0.6835(6.3%)6(7.6%)0.755
History of neoplasm33(10.5%)10(9.7%)0.82412(15.2%)6(7.6%)0.133
LVEF
  < 30%7(2.2%)2(1.9%)0.8651(1.3%)2(2.5%)0.559
 30–50%63(20%)30(29.1%)0.53216(20.3%)23(29.1%)0.268
  > 50%238(75.6%)70(70.0%)0.12962(78.5%)53(67.1%)0.108
NYHA class
 I + II55(17.5%)19(18.4%)0.92520(25.3%)14(17.7%)0.245
 III + IV251(80.0%)80(77.7%)0.66259(74.7%)63(79.7%)0.448
 Log. EuroSCORE7.6[4.4–18.1]9.8[22.3–36.2]< 0.0017.9[4.1–16.3]17.5[7.9–33.7]< 0.001
 EuroSCORE II7.0[5.0–10.0]11.0[8.0–13.0]< 0.0017.0[5.0–9.0]10.0[7.0–12.3]< 0.001
  1. Data presented as mean ± standard deviation, number (percent) or median [IQR], respectively. AKI, acute kidney injury; BMI, body mass index; BSA, body surface area; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; HIV, human immunodeficiency virus; IQR, interquartile range; NYHA, New York Heart Association; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention; TIA, transient ischemic attack