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Table 2 Demographic Characteristics of Participants in the ARIC Study Based on the JNC 7 and ACC/AHA Guideline Categories

From: Association and impact of hypertension defined using the 2017 AHA/ACC guidelines on the risk of atrial fibrillation in The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study

JNC7 CategoriesNormalPrehypertensionHypertension
N (%)6249 (41.9)3619 (24.3)5047 (33.8)
Age (years)52.8 (5.5)54.5 (5.7)55.5 (5.6)
White5393 (86.3)2750 (76.0)2962 (58.7)
Women3628 (58.1)1779 (49.2)2809 (55.7)
Completed high school5200 (83.2)2800 (77.4)3454 (68.4)
Current smokers1794 (28.7)883 (24.4)1232 (24.4)
Current drinkers3869 (61.9)2095 (57.9)2466 (48.9)
BMI (kg/m2)26.1 (4.3)27.8 (5.2)29.5 (5.9)
Height (cm)168 (9)169 (9)168 (9)
SBP (mmHg)106 (8)126 (6)135 (20)
DBP (mmHg)66 (7)76 (8)81 (12)
Hypertension medication3648 (72.3)
Diabetes368 (5.9)334 (9.2)994 (19.7)
Heart failure92 (1.5)57 (1.6)506 (10.0)
Coronary artery disease216 (3.5)130 (3.6)351 (7.0)
Stroke88 (1.4)42 (1.2)131 (2.6)
ACC/AHA categoriesNormalElevatedStage 1 hypertensionStage 2 hypertension
N (%)6249 (41.9)1562 (10.5)2057 (13.8)5047 (33.8)
Age (years)52.8 (5.5)55.3 (5.7)53.9 (5.7)55.5 (5.6)
White5393 (86.3)1293 (82.8)1457 (70.8)2962 (58.7)
Women3628 (58.1)817 (52.3)962 (46.8)2809 (55.7)
Completed high school5200 (83.2)1206 (77.2)1594 (77.5)3454 (68.4)
Current smokers1794 (28.7)414 (26.5)469 (22.8)1232 (24.4)
Current drinkers3869 (61.9)916 (58.6)1179 (57.3)2466 (48.9)
BMI (kg/m2)26.1 (4.3)27.5 (5.0)28.1 (5.3)29.5 (5.9)
Height (cm)168 (9)169 (10)170 (9)168 (9)
SBP106 (8)124 (3)128 (8)135 (20)
DBP66 (7)71 (6)80 (7)81 (12)
Hypertension medication3648 (72.3)
Diabetes368 (5.9)147 (9.4)187 (9.1)994 (19.7)
Heart failure92 (1.5)26 (1.7)31 (1.5)506 (10.0)
Coronary artery disease216 (3.5)64 (4.1)66 (3.2)351 (7.0)
Stroke88 (1.4)18 (1.2)24 (1.2)131 (2.6)
  1. Numbers correspond to mean (SD) and N (percentages)
  2. JNC 7 7th Joint National Committee, ACC/ AHA American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure