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Table 3 Risk of NVAF According to the Presence or Absence of Abnormal Glucose Metabolism

From: Association between elevated blood glucose level and non-valvular atrial fibrillation: a report from the Guangzhou heart study

Models for the overall population
CharacteristicsGlucose Metabolism
(N = 11,488)NormalEBGT2DIFG
No. of NVAF/No. of participants79/804865/344032/141233/2028
Univariable-adjusted modelReferent1.94 (1.40–2.70) 0.0002.34 (1.55–3.54) 0.0001.67 (1.11–2.51) 0.014
Age-adjusted modelReferent1.44 (1.03–2.02) 0.0321.65 (1.08–2.51) 0.0191.29 (0.85–1.95) 0.231
Waist circumference-adjusted modelReferent1.71 (1.22–2.39) 0.0022.00 (1.32–3.05) 0.0011.50 (1.00–2.27) 0.053
BP-adjusted modelReferent1.65 (1.18–2.31) 0.0041.94 (1.27–2.96) 0.0021.44 (0.95–2.18) 0.084
TG-adjusted modelReferent2.04 (1.46–2.85) 0.0002.50 (1.64–3.80) 0.0001.74 (1.15–2.62) 0.009
HDL-adjusted modelReferent1.92 (1.37–2.67) 0.0002.29 (1.51–3.48) 0.0001.66 (1.10–2.49) 0.016
Waist circumference/BP/TG/HDL-adjusted modelReferent1.60 (1.14–2.25) 0.0071.87 (1.22–2.87) 0.0041.41 (0.93–2.14) 0.104
Models for the male population
CharacteristicsGlucose Metabolism
(N = 4047)NormalEBGT2DIFG
No. of NVAF/No. of participants41/275430/129314/87312/754
Univariable-adjusted modelReferent1.57 (0.98–2.53) 0.0622.29 (1.30–4.01) 0.0040.93 (0.48–1.80) 0.834
Age-adjusted modelReferent1.26 (0.78–2.04) 0.3501.87 (1.06–3.30) 0.0300.84 (0.44–1.62) 0.604
Waist circumference-adjusted model BP-adjusted modelReferent1.32 (0.82–2.15) 0.2561.86 (1.05–3.29) 0.0340.93 (0.49–1.79) 0.834
TG-adjusted modelReferent1.49 (0.92–2.41) 0.1092.15 (1.21–3.81) 0.0091.02 (0.53–1.96) 0.950
HDL-adjusted modelReferent1.62 (1.00–2.61) 0.0482.37 (1.35–4.18) 0.0031.10 (0.57–2.10) 0.779
Waist circumference/BP/TG/Referent1.56 (0.97–2.52) 0.0662.27 (1.29–4.00) 0.0041.07 (0.56–2.04) 0.842
HDL- adjusted modelReferent1.33 (0.81–2.17) 0.2581.88 (1.05–3.35) 0.0340.93 (0.48–1.80) 0.834
Models for the female population
CharacteristicsGlucose Metabolism
(N = 7441)NormalEBGT2DIFG
No. of NVAF/No. of participants38/529435/214714/87321/1274
Univariable-adjusted modelReferent2.29 (1.44–3.64) 0.0012.25 (1.22–4.18) 0.0102.32 (1.36–3.96) 0.002
Age-adjusted modelReferent1.63 (1.02–2.61) 0.0411.45 (0.78–2.71) 0.2451.78 (1.03–3.06) 0.038
Waist circumference-adjusted model BP-adjusted modelReferent1.97 (1.23–3.16) 0.0051.88 (1.01–3.51) 0.0482.04 (1.19–3.51) 0.010
TG-adjusted modelReferent1.78 (1.11–2.85) 0.0171.69 (0.90–3.16) 0.1011.85 (1.07–3.18) 0.027
HDL-adjusted modelReferent2.47 (1.54–3.95) 0.0002.48 (1.32–4.66) 0.0052.45 (1.43–4.22) 0.001
Waist circumference/BP/TG/Referent2.27 (1.43–3.62) 0.0012.22 (1.19–4.14) 0.0122.31 (1.35–3.95) 0.002
HDL- adjusted modelReferent1.80 (1.12–2.91) 0.0161.71 (0.90–3.23) 0.0991.86 (1.08–3.22) 0.026
  1. ORs, 95%CIs, P-values were expressed in the model lines of the chart above. BP Blood Pressure, EBG Elevated Blood Glucose, HDL High-density Lipoprotein, NVAF Non-valvular Atrial Fibrillation, TG Triglycerides, T2D Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus