Skip to main content

Table 1 Gender-based anthropometric and BP measurement for the study participants as tested by the Chi-squared test

From: Prevalence and associated anthropometric and lifestyle predictors of hypertension among adults in Kombolcha town and suburbs, Northeast Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study

Variable Alternatives Sexa Total, n (%) P-value
Male, n (%) Female, n (%)
Abdominal obesity Present 42 (24.9) 46 (32.2) 88 (28.2) 0.018**
Absent 127 (75.2) 97 (67.8) 224 (71.8)
BMI Normal 85 (59.4) 58 (40.6) 143 (45.8) <0.0001**
Overweight 73 (52.5) 66 (47.5) 139 (44.6)
Obese 11 (36.7) 19 (63.5) 30 (9.6)
WC Low risk 82 (61.7) 51 (38.3) 133 (42.6) 0.478
Increased risk 37 (42.5) 50 (57.5) 87 (27.9)
Substantially increased risk 50 (54.3) 42 (45.7) 92 (29.5)
WHR Low risk 42 (30.0) 98 (70.0) 140 (44.9) 0.075
Substantially increased risk 127 (73.8) 45 (26.2) 172 (55.0)
WHtR Low risk 22 (13.1) 42 (29.6) 64 (20.6) 0.138
Increased risk 88 (52.4) 77 (54.2) 165 (53.2)
Substantially increased risk 59 (34.9) 23 (16.2) 81 (26.2)
SBP Normal 99 (58.6) 78 (54.5) 177 (56.7) <0.0001**
Pre-HTN 34 (20.1) 34 (23.8) 68 (21.8)
HTN 36 (21.3) 31 (21.7) 67 (21.5)
DBP Normal 127 (75.1) 102 (71.3) 229 (73.4) <0.0001**
Pre-HTN 10 (5.9) 15 (10.5) 25 (8.0)
HTN 32 (18.9) 26 (18.9) 58 (18.6)
  1. aThe sex-adjusted anthropometric and BP measurements cutoff values were considered for each group, BP Blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, SBP Systolic blood pressure, BMI Body mass index, WC Waist circumference, WHR Waist-to-hip ratio, WHtR Waist-to-height ratio, n Number, **statistically significant, %: percentage