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Table 1 Basic demographic characteristics of adult outpatients (N = 325) at St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

From: Disease burden and associated risk factors for metabolic syndrome among adults in Ethiopia

Variable   Total N = 325 (%) Men N = 155 (%) Women N = 170 (%) p-value
Age, years < 30 108 (33.2) 43 (27.7) 65 (38.2) 0.013
30–50 137 (42.2) 63 (40.7) 74 (43.5)
≥51 80 (24.6) 49 (31.6) 31 (18.2)
Region Addis Ababa 199 (63.6) 97 (63.4) 102 (63.8) 0.646
Oromia 78 (24.9) 36 (23.5) 42 (26.4)
Others 36 (11.5) 20 (13.1) 16 (10.0)
Ethnicity Oromo 142 (44.7) 70 (46.1) 72 (43.4) 0.851
Amhara 103 (32.4) 47 (30.9) 56 (33.7)
Others 73 (22.9) 35 (23.0) 38 (22.9)
Marital status Single 77 (23.7) 43 (27.7) 34 (20.0) 0.0004
Married 204 (62.8) 103 (66.5) 101 (59.4)
Divorced/ widowed 44 (13.5) 9 (5.8) 35 (20.6)
Income, birr <  2000 44 (36.7) 19 (30.7) 25 (43.1) 0.322
2000–4000 44 (36.7) 26 (41.9) 18 (31.0)
≥4000 32 (26.7) 17 (27.4) 15 (25.9)
Education Primary schools or less 178 (59.7) 78 (53.8) 100 (65.4) 0.114
Secondary school or more 120 (40.3) 67 (46.2) 53 (34.6)
Occupation Government employees 50 (15.4) 25 (16.3) 25 (14.7) < 0.0001
Other employees/ students 156 (48.0) 93 (60.0) 63 (37.1)
Unemployed 119 (36.6) 37 (23.9) 82 (48.2)
Weight, BMI in kg/m2 Underweight (< 18.5) 32 (10.4) 13 (8.7) 19 (12.0) 0.397
Normal (18.5–24.9) 208 (67.5) 107 (71.3) 101 (63.9)
Overweight (25.0–29.9) 58 (18.8) 27 (18.0) 31 (19.6)
Obese (≥30.0) 10 (3.3) 3 (2.0) 7 (4.4)
  1. BMI body mass index in kg/m2