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Table 3 Quality evaluation results for quasi-experimental studies

From: The effect of mobile applications for improving adherence in cardiac rehabilitation: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Comments
Forman DE Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes A
Harzand A Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes B
Laustsen L Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes B
Widmer RJ Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes A
  1. Key: 1: Clear description of “cause” and “effect”; 2: Similar participants included in comparisons; 3: Similar treatment or care other than the exposure in comparisons; 4: There was a control group; 5: Multiple measurements of the outcome; 6: Complete follow-up or strategies to deal with incomplete follow up; 7: Outcome measured in the same way for comparisons; 8: Outcome measured in a reliable way; 9: Appropriate statistical analysis