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Table 2 Longitudinal Data Analysis: Patient Report Outcomes by Individual Characteristics (Individual Model)

From: Association of sex, age and education level with patient reported outcomes in atrial fibrillation

  Symptoms (β, 95% CI) Anxiety (β, 95% CI) Depression (β, 95% CI) Function (β, 95% CI) AF-related QOL (β, 95% CI)
Age Group
  > 18 and < 60 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
  > 60 and < 70 −0.36 (−0.62, −0.09) −3.10 (−4.90, −1.29) −2.47 (− 4.08, − 0.86) −1.33 (− 3.16, 0.49) 2.96 (− 2.21, 8.12)
  > 70 and < 80 − 0.51 (− 0.76, − 0.26) − 3.41 (−5.17, − 1.66) −2.69 (− 4.27, − 1.12) −2.68 (− 4.50, − 0.87) 2.44 (− 2.61, 7.49)
  > 80 −0.59 (− 0.87, − 0.31) −4.63 (− 6.56, − 2.71) − 3.40 (− 5.12, − 1.67) − 5.98 (−7.94, − 4.02) 1.93 (− 3.49, 7.35)
Female Sex 0.19 (0.13, 0.46) 1.79 (0.65, 2.93) 1.14 (0.10, 2.18) −2.03 (− 3.22, − 0.85) −2.28 (− 540, 0.85)
Education
  > than college Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 College 0.11 (− 0.08, 0.31) −0.06 (− 1.45, 1.34) 0.52 (− 0.76, 1.79) −2.00 (− 3.51, − 0.49) −1.08 (− 4.96, − 2.79)
 Some college 0.32 (0.12, 0.52) 1.73 (0.33, 3.13) 1.11 (0.15, 2.38) −2.50 (− 3.99, − 1.01) −5.34 (−9.19, − 1.49)
 High School or less 0.10 (−0.13, 0.32) − 0.02 (− 1.64, 1.60) 0.83 (− 0.63, 2.29) −2.47 (− 4.17, − 0.76) −3.63 (− 7.98, 0.72)
  1. Signficant results (p<0.05) are indicated by bold font