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Table 2 Predictors of controlled hypertension among hypertensive patients in the municipalities of Cardenas and Santiago, Cuba, 2012–2013

From: Assessment of hypertension management and control: a registry-based observational study in two municipalities in Cuba

Predictor Controlled hypertension, No. (%) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95%CI)
No Yes
Sex
 Male 224 (44) 290 (56) Reference
 Female 336 (41) 483 (59) 1.11 (0.89–1.39)  
Age in years
  < 65 332 (41) 475 (59) 1.10 (0.88–1.37)
  ≥ 65 228 (43) 298 (58) Reference  
Ethnicity
 Non-white 338 (45) 420 (55) Reference Ref.
 White 222 (39) 353 (61) 1.28 (1.03–1.59) 1.39 (1.08–1.79)
Post-primary Education
 No 109 (53) 96 (47) Reference Ref.
 Yes 451 (40) 677 (60) 1.70 (1.26–2.30) 1.72 (1.26–2.35)
Civil status
 Single 241 (42) 330 (58) Reference
 Married/Partner 319 (42) 443 (58) 1.01 (0.81–1.26)  
Paid job
 No 222 (43) 300 (58) Reference
 Yes 338 (42) 473 (58) 0.97 (0.77–1.20)  
Obesity
 Yes 131 (49) 134 (51) Reference Ref.
 No 429 (40) 639 (60) 1.46 (1.11–1.91) 1.43 (1.09–1.89)
Diabetes
 Yes 89 (43) 118 (57) Reference
 No 471 (42) 655 (58) 1.05 (0.78–1.42)  
Coronary heart disease
 Yes 79 (43) 106 (57) Reference
 No 481 (42) 667 (58) 1.03 (0.75–1.42)  
On anti-hypertensive pharmacological treatment
 ===No 52 (45) 63 (55) Reference Ref.
 Yes, non-adherent 281 (45) 341 (55) 1.00 (0.7–1.5) 1.06 (0.70–1.59)
 Yes, adherent 227 (38) 369 (62) 1.34 (0.90–2.0) 1.35 (0.90–2.05)
Health area
 JAE 101 (35) 191 (65) Reference Ref.
 Finlay 164 (47) 187 (53) 0.60 (0.45–0.81) 0.75 (0.54–1.04)
 Grimau 135 (39) 209 (61) 0.82 (0.60–1.11) 1.11 (0.78–1.56)
 Moncada 160 (46) 186 (54) 0.62 (0.46–0.83) 0.71 (0.52–0.98)
  1. CI confidence interval, JAE José Antonio Echeverría
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