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Table 2 Changing of patient’s characteristics: comparison of echocardiographic values before and after dietary intervention

From: Dietary intervention with a specific micronutrient combination for the treatment of patients with cardiac arrhythmias: the impact on insulin resistance and left ventricular function

  Verum (n = 29) x ± SD Placebo (n = 25) x ± SD
Baseline Week 6 Diff Baseline Week 6 Diff
LA (mm) 35.8 ± 5.9 37.1 ± 5.0 1.39 ± 2.92# 36.4 ± 6.4 35.8 ± 6.1 − 0.68 ± 4.26
RVEDD (mm) 26.8 ± 5.3 26.3 ± 3.4 − 0.52 ± 4.67 25.2 ± 4.1 25.1 ± 3.5 − 0.08 ± 4.29
LVEDD (mm) 49.0 ± 5.7 47.6 ± 7.1 − 1.34 ± 5.47# 47.9 ± 6.9 48.4 ± 7.5 0.52 ± 5.64
LVESD (mm) 30.4 ± 4.9 30.1 ± 5.5 − 0.31 ± 3.27 29.5 ± 5.2 30.2 ± 6.7 0.72 ± 4.20
LVEF (%) 68.6 ± 8.3 70.2 ± 9.0 1.66 ± 8.94 70.0 ± 9.3 70.3 ± 8.9 0.28 ± 10.81
  < 65% (n/%) 10 (34.5%) 9 (31.0%) 6 (24.0%) 7 (28.0%)
  < 65% 59.5 ± 4.2 66.8 ± 9.5 7.30 ± 8.22# 57.5 ± 5.4 64.5 ± 11.8 7.00 ± 7.75
  ≥ 65% 73.5 ± 5.5 72.5 ± 8.4 − 1.00 ± 8.07 74.0 ± 6.3 72.1 ± 7.3 − 1.84 ± 10.93
IVS (mm) 10.6 ± 1.6 9.9 ± 1.9 − 0.62 ± 1.78 10.6 ± 1.4 10.2 ± 1.5 − 0.44 ± 1.32
LVPW (mm) 10.7 ± 1.6 10.3 ± 1.6 − 0.41 ± 1.52 10.4 ± 1.5 10.2 ± 1.6 − 0.20 ± 1.12
E/E´ > 8 (n/%) 2 (25.0%) 3 (37.5%) 2 (33.3%) 0 (0.0%)
E wave 0.73 ± 0.19 0.71 ± 0.16 − 0.02 ± 0.18 0.73 ± 0.18 0.72 ± 0.15 − 0.01 ± 0.15
A wave 0.74 ± 0.24 0.68 ± 0.28 − 0.06 ± 0.19 0.71 ± 0.18 0.73 ± 0.15 0.01 ± 0.16
E/A ratio 1.05 ± 0.35 1.18 ± 0.49 0.13 ± 0.38# 1.45 ± 2.04 1.02 ± 0.21 − 0.42 ± 2.04
LVMI g/m2 98.2 ± 24.4 90.0 ± 37.0 −8.15 ± 35.48## 93.5 ± 26.5 90.9 ± 25.9 −2.61 ± 21.20
LVMI g/m2 femalea 87.2 ± 16.6 77.7 ± 20.9 −9.5 ± 15.6# 89.0 ± 26.2 80.2 ± 21.8 −8.7 ± 23.1
LVMI g/m2 maleb 108.4 ± 26.4 101.5 ± 45.1 −6.9 ± 47# 98.4 ± 27.1 102.4 ± 25.9 4.0 ± 17.5
  1. Abbreviations: LA, left atrium; RVEDD, right ventricular end diastolic diameter; LVEDD, left ventricular end diastolic diameter; LVESD, left ventricular end systolic diameter; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction; IVS, interventricular septum; LVPW, left ventricular posterior wall; E/A ratio, ratio of the early (E) to late (A) ventricular filling velocities; LVMI, Left ventricular mass index
  2. an = 14 (verum)/n = 13 (placebo, b n = 15 (verum)/n = 12 (placebo)
  3. # p < 0.05 within the group, ## p < 0.01 within the group