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Table 4 Participants’ belief about hypertensive medications (n = 605)

From: Treatment adherence and blood pressure outcome among hypertensive out-patients in two tertiary hospitals in Sokoto, Northwestern Nigeria

Statements SA A U D SD 50th Percentile
Necessity Domain n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)  
My health at present depends on my hypertensive medications 219 (36.2) 297 (49.1) 13 (2.1) 26 (4.3) 50 (8.3) 4
My life would be impossible without my hypertensive medications 23 (3.8) 57 (9.4) 86 (14.2) 187 (30.9) 252 (41.7) 2
Without my hypertensive medications, I would be very ill 75 (12.4) 166 (27.4) 87 (14.4) 131 (21.7) 146 (24.1) 3
My health in the future will depend on my hypertensive medications 123 (20.3) 259 (42.8) 74 (12.2) 72 (11.9) 77 (12.7) 4
My hypertensive medications protect me from becoming worse 254 (42.0) 240 (39.7) 28(4.6) 52 (8.6) 31 (5.1) 4
Concern Domain
 Having to take hypertensive medications worries me 167 (27.6) 183 (30.2) 24 (4.0) 88 (14.5) 143 (23.6) 4
 I sometimes worry about the long term effects of my hypertension medication 14 (2.3) 63 (10.4) 164 (27.1) 173 (28.6) 191 (31.6) 2
 My hypertensive medications disrupts my life 9 (1.5) 38 (6.3) 119 (19.7) 188 (31.1) 251 (41.5) 2
I sometimes worry about becoming too dependent on my hypertensive medications 22 (3.6) 98 (16.2) 202 (33.4) 137 (22.6) 146 (24.1) 3
Cut off    n (%) Remark
Necessity Domain
 Score > 50%    558 (92.2) “Stronger” belief
 Score ≤ 50%    47 (7.8) “Weaker” belief
Concern Domain
 Score > 50%    251 (41.5) “Stronger” concern
 Score ≤ 50%    354 (58.5) “Weaker” concern
Differential
 Score > 0    497 (82.1) “Stronger” belief about necessity
 Score < 0    103 (17.0) More concern for side effect/adverse effect
 Score = 0    5 (0.8) Equal concern for necessity and side effect
  1. Strongly Agree (SA) = 5, Agree (A) = 4, Uncertain (U) = 3, Disagree (D) = 2, Strongly Disagree (SD) = 1, Maximum obtainable score for the necessity domain = 25; Maximum obtainable score (concern domain) = 20; % score = individual score ÷ maximum obtainable score × 100, Differentials = % score in the necessity domain minus % score in the concern domain, n = number