Skip to main content

Table 3 Response to the 4-domains of non-pharmacological lifestyle recommendations

From: Treatment adherence and blood pressure outcome among hypertensive out-patients in two tertiary hospitals in Sokoto, Northwestern Nigeria

Domains of non-pharmacological lifestyle recommendations Yes, n (%) No, n (%)
Engage in cigarette smoking 74 (12.2) 531 (87.8)
If yes, Sometimes 69 (93.2)  
 All the times 5 (6.8)  
Engage in alcohol intake 125 (20.7) 480 (78.3)
If yes, Sometimes 122 (97.6)  
 All the times 3 (2.4)  
Engage in exercise at least three times a week 144 (23.8) 461 (76.2)
If yes, brisk walking at least 30 min a day 113 (78.5)  
 Hawking goods 13 (9.0)  
 Jogging 11 (7.6)  
 Skipping rope 4 (2.8)  
 Farming 3 (2.1)  
Engage in salt intake 444 (73.4) 161 (26.6)
If yes, Rarely 69 (15.5)  
 Sometimes 341 (76.8)  
 Often 22 (5.0)  
 Always 12 (2.7)  
Overall score distribution for lifestyle adjustments Number (%)  
0 36 (6.0)  
1 170 (28.1)  
2 294 (48.6)  
3 74 (12.2)  
4 31 (5.1)  
Cut-off Number (%) Remark
Total score < 1 36 (6.0) Optimal adherence
Total score ≥ 1 569 (94.0) Non-adherence
  1. Total avoidance i.e. “No” to smoking, alcohol and dietary salt intake, as well as engaging in exercise for at least three days per week is considered optimal adherence with a score of zero. Overall adherence score to lifestyle adjustments is the sum total of scores from all the 4-domains, n = number