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Table 3 Characteristics of prosthetic valve and native valve endocarditis due to E. coli

From: Native valve endocarditis due to Escherichia coli infection: a case report and review of the literature

  Prosthetic valve endocarditis (n = 9) Native valve endocarditis (n = 22)
Patients’ characteristics
 Age, years 70.0 ± 7.65 59.7 ± 18.3
Sex
 Male 2 13
 Female 4 8
 Unknown 3 1
Infected valves
 Aortic valve 4 7
 Mitral valve 5 10
 Aortic + mitral valves 0 1
 Tricuspid valve 0 3
 Pulmonary valve 0 1
Types of prosthetic valves
Aortic valve
 Biological 2
 Mechanical 2
Mitral valve
 Biological 2
 Mechanical 3
Preexisting valvulopathy in native valves
 Aortic valve 3
 Mitral valve 2
 Aortic + mitral valves 2
 Tricuspid valve 0
 Pulmonary valve 0
  1. Two patients with nonvalvular endocarditis were excluded