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Table 1 Clinical and Angiographic Characteristics of Isolated CAE Patients

From: Correlation of increased corrected TIMI frame counts and the topographical extent of isolated coronary artery ectasia

  Isolated CAE
n = 77
Inter-group comparison P-value
Patient characteristics
 Age (years) 57.8 ± 9.6   
 Male 58 (75%)   
 Current smoker 21 (27%)   
 Diabetes mellitus 22 (29%)   
 Hypertension 46 (60%)   
 Hypercholesterolemia 29 (38%)   
 Markis class:
  I 16 (21%)   
  II 23 (30%)   
  III 21 (27%)   
  IV 17 (22%)   
Vessel-specific characteristics
 Ectasia vessel:
  LAD 33 (43%) LAD vs. LCX 0.109a
  LCX 44 (57%) LCX vs. RCA 0.401a
  RCA 51 (66%) RCA vs. LAD 0.007a
 Mean value of maximal diameter(mm):
  LAD (n = 33) 4.53 ± 1.36 LAD vs. LCX 0.245b
  LCX (n = 44) 4.83 ± 1.79 LCX vs. RCA 0.120b
  RCA (n = 51) 5.30 ± 1.87 RCA vs. LAD 0.004b
 Mean CTFC:
  LAD (n = 33) 28.2 ± 10.0 LAD vs. LCX 0.008b
  LCX (n = 44) 32.9 ± 11.3 LCX vs. RCA 0.165b
  RCA (n = 51) 36.1 ± 16.5 RCA vs. LAD 0.001b
  1. Abbreviations: CAE Coronary artery ectasia, LAD Left anterior descending artery, LCX Left circumflex artery, RCA Right coronary artery, CTFC Corrected Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction frame count
  2. aMcNemar Test, bT-Test