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Table 4 Metabolic biomarkers of participant according to DDS quartile

From: Dietary diversity score is associated with cardiovascular risk factors and serum adiponectin concentrations in patients with metabolic syndrome

Quartiles of DDS
  1st (n = 37) 2nd (n = 34) 3rd (n = 46) 4th (n = 43)
FSG (mg/dl) 93.73 ± 12.40 88.00 ± 12.11 87.83 ± 13.90 90.55 ± 16.51
TG (mg/dl) 200.47 ± 104.85 a 197.87 ± 141.02 194.76 ± 119.80 168.50 ± 71.25
TC (mg/dl) 189.29 ± 52.61 191.61 ± 38.11 187.34 ± 33.62 191.17 ± 37.63
LDL (mg/dl) 122.23 ± 4.56 123.12 ± 34.65 122.56 ± 45.98 122.18 ± 54.65
HDL (mg/dl) 40.05 ± 11.05 40.85 ± 9.36 41.30 ± 9.22 42.32 ± 10.78
SBP (mmHg) 133.05 ± 9.70a 132.08 ± 8.70 128.70 ± 8.56 128.69 ± 3.12
DBP (mmHg) 88.08 ± 5.07 87.74 ± 3.37 89.39 ± 6.65 87.62 ± 9.19
Adiponectin (ng/ml) 11.82 ± 4.35 a 14.50 ± 4.12 14.27 ± 3.70 15.27 ± 5.72
  1. a P < 0.001 compared with other quartiles; FSG fasting serum glucose, TG triglyceride, TC total cholesterol, LDL low density lipoprotein, HDL high density lipoprotein, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, HOMA-IR homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance, AST aspartate aminotransferase, ALT alanine aminotransferase