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Table 3 Multivariable associations with pulse wave velocity

From: Epicardial adipose tissue is related to arterial stiffness and inflammation in patients with cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes

  Clinical Clinical + EAT Clinical + EAT + Biomarkers
  β 95% CI β (S) p value β 95% CI β (S) p value β 95% CI β (S) p value
Age 0.11 0.07–0.16 0.36 < 0.001 0.10 0.06–0.15 0.32 < 0.001 0.10 0.05–0.15 0.31 < 0.001
Systolic BP 0.06 0.04–0.09 0.37 < 0.001 0.07 0.04–0.09 0.37 < 0.001 0.07 0.04–0.09 0.39 < 0.001
LEAD 1.60 0.21–2.98 0.17 0.025 1.47 0.11–2.84 0.15 0.035 1.30 −0.04-2.65 0.14 0.06
Atrial fibrillation 2.03 −0.11 -4.16 0.14 0.06         
EAT     0.10 0.01–0.19 0.17 0.026 0.10 0.01–0.19 0.16 0.03
IL-6        0.53 0.16–0.90 0.20 0.005
CD40L        −0.03 −0.37-0.31 −0.01 0.86
Chi-Square 0.613 0.634* 0.658^
  1. BP blood pressure; LEAD lower extremity arterial disease; EAT epicardial adipose tissue; IL-6 interleukin 6, CD40L CD40 ligand, (S) standardized
  2. *p 0.026 vs. clinical; ^p = 0.011 vs. clinical + EAT
  3. Figures in bold p < 0.05