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Table 2 Comparison of clinical and biochemical characteristics between patients with controlled and uncontrolled blood pressure

From: Assessment of blood pressure control in adult hypertensive patients in eastern Sudan

Variable Controlled blood pressure (n = 208) Uncontrolled blood pressure (n = 172) OR 95% CI P
Age, years 58.1(10.9) 57.4 (11.4) 0.94 0.97–1.01 0.533
Male sex 74 (35.6) 72 (41.9) 0.76 0.50–1.16 0.244
Education ≤ secondary level 202 (97.1) 159 (92.4) 0.36 0.13–0.97 0.056
Married 169 (81.2) 145 (84.3) 0.90 0.60–1.36 0.647
Duration of hypertension, years 5.5(2.0–8.0) 5.0 (3.0–8.0) 1.01 0.97–1.04 0.523
Presence of comorbidity 103 (49.5) 81 (47.1) 0.90 0.60–1.36 0.680
Smoking/ex-smoking 17 (8.2) 25 (14.5) 1.91 0.99–3.67 0.070
Alcohol intake 4 (1.9) 8 (4.7) 2.48 0.73–8.40 0.150
Drinking coffee 119 (57.2) 101 (59.1) 1.07 0.71–1.62 0.754
Physically active 8 (3.8) 8(4.7) 1.22 0.44–3.32 0.799
Adherence to drugs 179 (86.1) 89 (51.7) 0.17 0.10–0.28 < 0.001
Measuring blood pressure at home 13 (6.2) 9 (5.2) 0.82 0.34–1.98 0.826
Have medical insurance 150 (72.1) 123 (71.8) 0.97 0.62–1.52 0.909
Taking traditional medicine 13 (6.3) 11 (6.4) 1.02 0.44–2.34 1.000
Body mass index, kg/m2 26.2 (23.1–28.0) 26.2 (23.7–29.0) 1.02 0.98–1.06 0.282
Cholesterol, mg/dl 168.0(142.2–194.2) 190.0 (160.0–210.0) 1.01 1.01–1.03 0.001
Triglycerides, mg/dl 130.0(111.2–167.0) 158.4 (124.2–195.0) 1.01 10.1–1.07 0.001
  1. Values are mean (SD) or median (interquartile range)
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