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Table 1 Sample characteristics (N = 4649)

From: Prehypertension and psychosocial risk factors among university students in ASEAN countries

Sociodemographics

Normotensives

Prehypertension

Hypertension

P-value

All

3451 (74.2)

885 (19.0)

313 (6.7)

 

Age in years

 18–19

1193 (74.1)

200 (11.7)

117 (7.3)

0.448

 20–21

1294 (74.1)

330 (18.9)

123 (7.0)

 

 22–30

964 (74.6)

255 (19.7)

73 (6.7)

 

Gender

 Female

2453 (80.8)

422 (13.9)

161 (5.3)

<0.001

 Male

997 (61.8)

463 (28.7)

152 (9.4)

 

Economic family background

 Wealthy

1055 (74.4)

256 (18.1)

107 (7.5)

0.218

 Poor

2396 (74.2)

629 (19.5)

206 (6.4)

 

Country income

 Upper middle income

1189 (65.4)

446 (24.5)

184 (10.1)

<0.001

 Lower middle income

2262 (79.9)

439 (15,5)

129 (4.6)

 

Country

 Indonesia (N = 231)

177 (76.6)

16 (11.3)

28 (12.1)

<0.001

 Laos (N = 717)

550 (76.7)

139 (19.4)

28 (3.9)

 

 Malaysia (N = 1019)

751 (73.7)

36 (11.5)

10 (3.2)

 

 Myanmar (N = 314)

268 (85.4)

190 (18.6)

78 (7.7)

 

 Philippines (N = 775)

638 (82.3)

112 (14.5)

25 (3.2)

 

 Thailand (N = 800)

438 (54.8)

256 (32.8)

106 (13.3)

 

 Vietnam (N = 793)

629 (79.3)

126 (15.9)

38 (4.8)

 

Living arrangement

 Lives with parents/guardians

1017 (79.3)

206 (16.1)

53 (4.6)

<0.001

 Live away from parents

2431 (72.3)

679 (20.2)

254 (7.6)