Skip to main content

Table 1 Clinical and biochemical characteristics of subjects with and without metabolic syndrome

From: Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity and metabolic syndrome in general population: the APAC study

Variables Total (n = 5181) MetS group (n = 1271) Non-MetS group (n = 3910) P value
Age (year) 55.16 ± 11.80 56.29 ± 10.47 54.79 ± 12.18 <0.0001
Male, n (%) 3108 (59.99) 701 (55.15) 2407 (61.56) <0.0001
Education, n (%)
 Illiteracy/Primary School 638 (12.31) 188 (14.79) 450 (11.51) 0.0004
 Middle School 2295 (44.30) 583 (45.87) 1712 (43.79)
 High School or Higher 2248 (43.39) 500 (39.34) 1748 (44.71)
Income, n (%)
 < ¥1000 1239 (23.91) 264 (20.77) 975 (24.94) 0.0001
 ¥1000–3000 3431 (66.22) 903 (71.05) 2528 (64.65)
 > ¥3000 511 (9.86) 104 (8.18) 407 (10.41)
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 24.94 ± 3.25 27.38 ± 3.00 24.15 ± 2.92 <0.0001
Waist circumference (cm) 86.12 ± 9.66 93.90 ± 7.26 83.59 ± 8.96 <0.0001
Waist-to hip ratio 0.88 ± 0.06 0.91 ± 0.06 0.87 ± 0.06 <0.0001
Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 131.33 ± 20.04 141.18 ± 18.36 128.12 ± 19.51 <0.0001
Diastolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 82.86 ± 11.06 88.10 ± 10.79 81.16 ± 10.60 <0.0001
Fasting Plasma Glucose (mmol/L) 5.59 ± 1.51 6.37 ± 2.01 5.33 ± 1.20 <0.0001
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 1.53 ± 0.70 1.69 ± 0.74 1.48 ± 0.68 <0.0001
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.68 ± 1.42 2.60 ± 2.01 0.38 ± 1.00 <0.0001
High-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol ( mmol/L) 1.63 ± 0.46 1.45 ± 0.41 1.68 ± 0.46 <0.0001
Low-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol (mmol/L) 2.63 ± 0.74 2.76 ± 0.87 2.58 ± 0.69 <0.0001
High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein 2.13 ± 4.18 2.77 ± 4.25 1.92 ± 4.14 <0.0001
bapwv (cm/s) 1588.40 ± 401.62 1703.30 ± 371.57 1551.06 ± 403.98 <0.0001
Hypertension, n (%) 2500 (48.25) 980 (77.10) 1520 (38.87) <0.0001
Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 629 (12.14) 348 (27.38) 281 (7.19) <0.0001
Smoking, n (%)
 Never 3233 (62.40) 812 (63.89) 2421 (61.92) 0.3655
 Former 291 (5.62) 73 (5.74) 218 (5.58)
 Current 1657 (31.98) 386 (30.37) 1271 (32.51)
Alcohol abuse, n (%)
 Never 3391 (65.51) 833 (65.54) 2561 (65.50) 0.7074
 Former 81 (1.56) 23 (1.81) 58 (1.48)
 Current 1706 (32.93) 415 (32.65) 1291 (33.02)
Physical Activity, n (%)
 Inactive 2087 (40.28) 506 (39.81) 1581 (40.43) 0.6289
 Moderately Active 1312 (25.32) 314 (24.70) 998 (25.52)
 Very Active 1782 (34.39) 451 (35.48) 1331 (34.04)
  1. MetS metabolic syndrome, baPWV brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity