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Table 3 Left ventricular mechanic evaluated by strain and strain rate

From: Silent diabetic cardiomyopathy in everyday practice: a clinical and echocardiographic study

  Control
(N = 80)
Group I (DM)
(N = 70)
Group II (DM+HTA)
(N = 70)
Group III (DM+CAD)
(N = 70)
p
Slong (%) 18.71 ± 1.86* 17.36 ± 1.80Δ 16.31 ± 2.79 16.26 ± 2.84 <0.001
Scirc (%) 21.53 ± 0.99 21.25 ± 1.95Δ 18.24 ± 3.43 19.07 ± 2.76 <0.001
SR longE(s−1) 1.25 ± 0.15* 1.00 ± 0.15 0.96 ± 0.12 0.98 ± 0.14 <0.001
  1. S long peak longitudinal strain, S circ peak circumferential strain, SR long E early diastolic longitudinal strain rate
  2. Note: Longitudinal and circumferential strains are shown in absolute values
  3. *p < 0.05 control vs DM; #p < 0.05 control vs DM+HTA; ¤p < 0.05 control vs DM+CAD
  4. Δp < 0.05 DM vs DM+CAD