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Table 1 Patient demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Effects of a home-based activation intervention on self-management adherence and readmission in rural heart failure patients: the PATCH randomized controlled trial

  All (n =100) Intervention group (n = 51) Control group (n = 49)
Demographic data
   Age (years) 70.2 ± 12.2 68.7 ± 11.8 71.8 ± 12.6
   Male 36 (36) 24 (47.1) 12 (24.5)
   Education (years) 12.9 ± 2.3 13 ± 2.4 12.8 ± 2.1
   Caucasian 95 (95) 48 (94.1) 47 (95.9)
   Married/living with partner 50 (50) 31 (60.8) 19 (38.8)
   Currently employed outside home 29 (29) 16 (30.8) 13 (26.5)
   Annual family income (< $30,000) 51 (51) 24 (47.10) 27 (55.1)
Risk factor profile
   Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 32.3 ± 7.1 33.4 ± 7.4 31.2 ± 6.8
Clinical data
   Number of comorbidities 8 ± 2.6 7.8 ± 2.5 8.0 ± 2.7
      1.Hypertension 99 (99) 51 (100.0) 48 (98.0)
      2.Coronary artery disease 94 (94) 46 (90.2) 48 (98)
      3.Arthritis degenerative joint disease 89 (89) 43 (84.3) 44 (89.8)
      4.Hypercholesterolemia 84 (84) 43 (84.3) 41 (83.7)
      5.Diabetes mellitus with or without complications 41 (41) 41 (80.4) 33 (67.4)
      6.Dyspepsia 50 (50) 24 (47.1) 26 (53.1)
      7.Peripheral vascular disease or lower extremity edema 45 (45) 22 (43.1) 23 (46.9)
      8.Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 38 (38) 22 (43.1) 16 (32.7)
      9.Chronic renal disease 23 (23) 12 (23.5) 11 (22.4)
Number of medications taking per day 16.2 (±8.8) 16.4 ± 10.0 15.9 ± 7.4
   Beta blockers 50 (50) 27 (52.9) 23 (46.9)
   ACE inhibitors 35 (35) 16 (31.4) 19 (38.8)
   Angiotensin receptor blocker 18 (18) 8 (15.7) 10 (20.4)
   Previous hospitalizations within 1 year (≥1) 43 (43) 22 (43.2) 21 (42.8)
   Previous ED visits within 1 year (≥1) 60 (60) 30 (58.9) 30 (61.2)
Cardiac function
   Functional class (NYHA)    
      •II 49 (49) 15 (29.4) 34 (69.4)
      •III 42 (42) 29 (56.9) 13 (26.5)
   Ejection fractiona 55.7 ± 11.1 53.4 ± 12.9 58.3 ± 8.1
   Ejection fraction < 50 %a 16 (16) 12 (23.5) 4 (8.2)
Main outcome: Patient Activation Measure (PAM) level
      1.Starting to take a role 39 (39) 19 (37.3) 20 (40.8)
      2.Building knowledge, skills and confidence 23 (23) 9 (17.6) 14 (28.6)
      3.Taking action 18 (18) 13 (25.5) 5 (10.2)
      4.Maintaining behaviors 19 (19) 10 (19.6) 9 (18.4)
  1. Results are presented as mean ± SD or n (%)
  2. aEjection fraction was available for n = 47 in the intervention group, n = 41 in the usual care group. Percentages include cases with missing data in the denominator